How to Regulate Melatonin and Sleep Better

January 24, 2019
Darkness sends your brain a signal telling it that it's time to sleep. It's helpful to avoid stimulating lights like televisions or cellphones before going to bed.
Melatonin is the hormone responsible for regulating many biological functions (among those, the process of falling asleep and staying awake). That’s why it’s so important to regulate melatonin if you want to rest well and avoid common sleep disorders like insomnia.

We’ll explain just how you can do this in this article.

What you need to know about melatonin

Regulate melatonin

First off, it’s fundamental to know the basics about this important hormone.

Melatonin carries out many specific functions such as regulating the sleep cycle. It’s produced at night in the pineal gland, which is located in the brain.

At night, Melatonin:

  • Maintains your heartbeat and blood pressure.
  • Relaxes your retinas.
  • Helps to release free radicals.

The gland sends the hormone throughout the body and it synchronizes with your heart rate. When your melatonin levels are normal, you can sleep and rest properly.

The main problem with this hormone happens when its levels decrease. This usually happens when you are stressed while following a poor diet, living an excessively sedentary lifestyle or exposing yourself to too much artificial light at night.

What comes next? Insomnia.

Furthermore, melatonin stimulates the production of the growth hormone as well as the hormones for tissue and muscle repair.

It’s aid in growth and repair is why we need to sleep more as children than we do as adults. Our bodies also “ask” us for more sleep when we’re sick or training too much at the gym.

As if all that wasn’t enough, melatonin also performs the following functions:

  • Regulates appetite.
  • Plays a role in the development and function of the testicles and ovaries.
  • Acts as a power antioxidant.
  • Strengthens the immune system by inhibiting certain viruses and bacteria.

Want to know more? Read: 8 Foods that Boost Your Immune System

Melatonin and Seratonin

Melatonin and Seratonin

While we could say that these are “opposite” hormones, they act together, which is why we need normal levels of both hormones.

  • In the same way that melatonin production increases in darkness, serotonin production increases in light.
  • Our retinas capture sunlight and that light reaches the pineal gland. When that happens, melatonin production stops and the gland starts to make serotonin.

The opposite happens when we are in dark surroundings.

It’s crucial to understand that artificial light can’t substitute the sun’s natural function.

This can explain why we want to stay at home or rest during the winter more often, while in the summer, we wake up with more energy and do more activities (apart from the temperature, of course).

When we don’t have the sufficient levels of serotonin, our body begins to crave high-calorie or unhealthy food: cookies, candies, chocolate, ice cream, etc.

Meanwhile, a lack of melatonin leaves us with insomnia and sleeping problems. At the same time, an excess can lead to drowsiness, apathy, weakness, etc.

We should also mention another very “popular” hormone in order to understand the importance of melatonin and serotonin: cortisol.

Cortisol is known as the “stress hormone.” As its name suggests, it’s in charge of raising and decreasing stress symptoms. In addition, it also has a notable impact on the sleeping and waking processes.

Under stress, there are people who need to sleep more and there are also those who can’t shut eye the entire night.

It can be explained by cortisol balancing the production of the hormones responsible for resting or taking action.

Foods that increase melatonin production

A healthy diet is essential for normalizing melatonin levels and for sleeping the 7 to 8 recommended hours every night.

Above all, tropical fruits, like pineapple, or citric fruits, like oranges, are highly recommended.

You can also help your body produce more melatonin by eating:

  • Dried fruit
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Legumes
  • Oats and barley
  • Corn
  • Rice

To improve your melatonin levels even more, add these to your plate, as well:

  • Tomatos
  • Potatos
  • Red wine
  • Dairy products
  • Tuna

Habits for regulating melatonin levels

In addition to eating a balanced and healthy diet, we recommend some habits that can be useful for leveling out melatonin levels:

1. Sleep in a dark room

Your room should have shutters or curtains that block light from coming inside. This includes street lights.

Dimmed lights signals to the brain that “it’s time to sleep”. A dark room ensures a more pleasant and replenishing sleep.

Visit this article: 8 Foods for a Health Brain

2. Don’t watch television before sleeping

Don't watch television before sleeping

Aside from the bright screen, you should keep in mind that certain scenes, sounds or news “wake up” the mind and prevent it from easily entering a resting state.

This is exactly why it’s a good idea to not keep a television in your bedroom in order to regulate melatonin. The same goes for phones. Use them at a maximum of an hour before heading to bed.

3. Exercising in the evening

Exercise is great for your health, and nobody can deny it. However, when you exercise at night, your body and mind stays in “alert” mode for longer, making it harder to get tired.

It’ll be harder to wake up in the mornings if your body doesn’t get enough time to repair the damages caused by the physical activity.

It’s better to finish all physical activity before the evening in order to get proper rest.

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  • De Argila Fernandez-Duran, D. (2010). Cáncer de piel. Medicine.
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