Pain in the soles of the feet, or the plantar fasciitis, occurs more precisely in the lower part of the heel – although it could spread throughout the entire foot or have another point of incidence. This pain could be caused by excessive pressure on the feet, causing the ligaments to rupture and creating intense pain and stiffness in the heel.
Causes of plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is caused primarily by:
- Excessive weight
- Work days that are too heavy
- Poor footwear usage
- Having flat feet or very high arches
Symptoms of plantar fasciitis
The symptoms caused by this condition are generally:
- Burning below the heel (or in the entire foot)
This problem generally only occurs in one foot, even though it can affect both feet.
This condition is a lot stronger in the morning when you take your first steps after a long night’s rest, or if you been sitting or resting for a long time. You could also feel it after a long day of exercises or any other activity that has kept you on your feet for a long time.
Pain treatment for the soles of the feet
Suggested treatment for foot pain is fundamentally to reduce the inflammation.
The first thing you need to do is go barefoot for as long as possible, and apply ice at least four times a day, for 20 minutes each time. This helps reduce inflammation in the affected area.
You should put a support in your shoes that supports the arch of your foot so as to reduce the pain.
Dedicate at least 20 minutes a day to practicing stretching exercises.
Take a few anti-inflammatory medications – this could be ibuprofen – which will be a great help, but don’t go overboard.
If the anti-inflammatories don’t provide the effect you’re looking for, try a much stronger and more effective treatment, like a corticosteroid injection. These are injected directly into the affected ligament, into the heel or the arch of the foot. Afterwards, an electrical current is applied which does not hurt, so that the steroid will penetrate the skin and the muscle.
Your professional might also choose physical therapy, in which you will stretch the plantar fascia and the Aquiles tendons. Likewise, they will also recommend exercises to strengthen the inferior leg muscles.
In some cases you will absolutely need to use night splints which will help stretch the calf and the arch of the foot. This will keep the foot flexed, stretch out the plantar fascia and the Aquiles tendon, thereby reducing pain and stiffness in the morning.
You could also use orthopedics in your shoes that help distribute pressure. This will prevent and avoid even greater damage to the plantar fascia.
It is absolutely important that you keep an eye on every symptom that you have. If you don’t feel any improvement after starting treatment with home remedies, it’s best to see a trust doctor immediately, and follow the treatment that he/she recommends.