How to Make an Anti-inflammatory Diet to Treat Uric Acid

· September 4, 2018
Following an anti-inflammatory diet can limit the production of uric acid in the body and promote its proper elimination. Although it doesn't serve as a cure for the problems caused by this substance, it's a great ally to any treatment.

Uric acid accumulation in the body can trigger of a series of inflammatory changes that can affect your quality of life. Adopting an anti-inflammatory diet is one of the best ways to avoid its effects and to stabilize it.

This condition, also called hyperuricemia, is caused by the degradation of purines that are found in some foods. Although the body metabolizes and eliminates them through the work of the kidneys,  it sometimes suffers changes because it cannot decompose them correctly.

As a result, kidney stones can be formed. This may also lead to gout and joint pain.In many cases, they are linked to metabolic problems and arterial hypertension.

How can you carry out an anti-inflammatory diet to help fight uric acid?

It’s important that you know what’s allowed and what’s not. Then, we’ll take a look at an anti-inflammatory diet that can help.

An anti-inflammatory diet to treat uric acid: what you should know

Taking medication is currently the normal treatment for excess uric acid. However, the best way stabilize its levels in the blood is through your diet. 

Why?

Healthy food to control uric acid.

The foods in our diet can be helpful or hurtful when dealing with this problem. While some foods will increase the concentration of purines, others will support the metabolic process and will eliminate them from the body.

By carrying out an anti-inflammatory diet, you’ll be able to get the required nutrients for dealing with this condition. So, we suggest avoiding any sources of uric acid, giving priority to alkalizing foods.

The purpose of an anti-inflammatory diet

An anti-inflammatory diet used to treat uric acid has three main objectives: regulate the pH of your urine, control your consumption of purines and decrease your intake of fructose. These will all help facilitate the decomposition of this substance and, therefore, reverse its effects.


1. Regulate the pH of urine

The kidneys are the organs that are responsible for filtering uric acid from the blood in order to eliminate it through urine. So, when it’s not being controlled, it’s important to alter the pH of your urine to help with its expulsion.

How?

You can do this by:

  • Drinking more water and healthy infusions.
  • Boosting your intake of foods with basic pHs such as vegetables, potatoes and fruit.
  • Reducing your consumption of uric acid or acidic sources such as refined sugars, eggs and animal products (meat, fish).
  • Limiting your salt intake and cooking at home.
  • Completely avoiding alcoholic beverages, including beer and wine.

2. Regulate purine consumption

In all anti-inflammatory diets, you want your purine consumption to be as low as possible. Because of that, it’s important to watch what you’re eating, as well as the cooking method. When boiling foods with purines, a lot of it goes into the water.

So, this is a good way to reduce the purine content of foods, but make sure not to use the water as a broth.

3. Regulate fructose intake

Fructose is metabolized in the body into a type of purine known as xanthine, which will eventually become uric acid. So, we recommended that you limit your fruit consumption to one piece a day. Also, you should opt for fruits with less fructose content.

These include:

  • Apricots
  • Kiwi
  • Mango
  • Watermelon
  • Strawberries
  • Orange
  • Cantaloupe
  • Pineapple

Foods prohibited from an anti-inflammatory diet

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Many of these “forbidden” foods should only be avoided in the event of a gout attack or urate stones. If you just have high uric acid levels, but do not have any symptoms, these foods are should be limited as much as possible and only eaten in small amounts.

To show you, in detail which foods should be avoided, we have classified them according to their levels of purines:

High amount of purines (150-800 mg per 100g)

  • Sausages, pâtés, lunch meats
  • Sardines, anchovies, mackerel
  • Prawn, shrimp, cockles, mussels

Considerable amount of purines (70-150 mg per 100g)

  • Beef, ox, pig, boar, quail, partridge
  • Lentils, beans
  • Large blue fish

Average purine quantity (50-70 mg per 100g)

  • Rabbit, chicken, turkey
  • Chickpeas, beans, peas, soy
  • Cauliflower, mushrooms, spinach, asparagus

Low amount of purines (0-50mg per 100g)

  • Fruit
  • White or refined grains
  • Tubers
  • Milk and low-fat derivatives
  • Most vegetables (except those previously mentioned)

A model anti-inflammatory diet to treat uric acid

There are many ways to design an anti-inflammatory diet as a way to treat uric acid. In fact, it’s almost always recommended that you adapt yours to each particular case because the accumulation of uric acid causes different problems.

Eat salad to lower uric acid.

However, there are simple models that serve as examples to know how meals should be planned. Below, we will share an interesting option.

Breakfast

  • Whole grain cereals without sugar, with skim milk
  • A cup of fresh strawberries
  • A cup of tea or coffee and water

Lunch

  • A small portion of baked chicken breast (55 g) on a wheat roll with mustard
  • Mixed salad with vinegar dressing and olive oil
  • Skim milk

Snack

  • A cup of fresh cherries
  • A glass of water or an infusion

Dinner

  • A portion of roasted salmon (55 g)
  • Roasted or steamed green beans
  • Half a cup of whole grain pasta with olive oil and lemon pepper
  • An infusion or low fat yogurt

In summary

Following an anti-inflammatory diet can limit the production of uric acid in the body and promote its proper elimination. Although it doesn’t serve as a cure for the problems caused by this substance, it’s a great ally to any treatment.