10 Beneficial Foods for Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism slows your metabolism, so people affected by this condition find it harder to lose weight. They also tend to retain fluid.
10 Beneficial Foods for Hypothyroidism
Eliana Delgado Villanueva

Reviewed and approved by the nutritionist Eliana Delgado Villanueva.

Last update: 09 October, 2022

Although we can’t say that the diet is capable of “curing” hypothyroidism as such, it’s proven that, in any case, following a healthy and balanced diet can contribute to the health and well-being of people in general and not just patients with hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is a disease that decreases the function of the thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck. This leads to a decrease in the secretion of thyroid hormones and causes very specific symptoms, such as:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Constipation
  • Low voice and hoarseness
  • Sleep disorders
  • Fluid retention
  • Skin and hair dryness
  • Tiredness and exhaustion
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Menstrual disturbances
  • Weight gain
  • Difficulties losing weight
  • Fat can accumulate in the double chin, waist, and thighs.
  • Decreased basal metabolism, which is responsible for energy expenditure.

Can this condition be cured through the diet? No. As we mentioned earlier, it isn’t possible to “cure” this disease only through diet. However, it plays a very important role in improving the quality of life and well-being of those who suffer from it.

Foods that benefit health

Below, we’ll tell you about the 10 most recommended natural foods for a proper diet for hypothyroidism patients.

1. Coconut oil

A jug of extra virgin olive oil.

Extra virgin coconut oil is a saturated fat rich in medium chain triglycerides. These nutrients may boost metabolism and facilitate weight loss, which are two of the main problems for those who suffer from hypothyroidism.

According to popular wisdom, two tablespoons (30 g) can be consumed each day, one in the morning on an empty stomach, and another at night before bed. However, don’t stick to this rule.

You could also consume coconut in other ways, not necessarily in oil, to take advantage of its nutrients and contributions.

2. Seaweed

Many cases of hypothyroidism are caused by a lack of iodine. Thus, consuming foods rich in this mineral, such as seaweed, can boost well-being.

For example, although most seaweed is very rich in iodine, experts often recommend the consumption of fucus.

Note: it’s essential to consult your doctor before consuming them to avoid excess iodine levels.

3. Cayenne pepper

Cayenne for hypothyroidism.

Cayenne pepper is believed to be a natural metabolism booster that also increases body temperature. In addition, it can help relieve other symptoms, such as constipation and joint pain.

You should add cayenne pepper to your diet very gradually so that it doesn’t cause digestive disorders. In these cases, it’s best to consult with your doctor before starting to include it in your diet regularly.

4. Ginger

Ginger is a refreshing and aromatic spice that also helps boost metabolism, while fighting fluid retention, another common symptom when the thyroid isn’t working properly.
This root is anti-inflammatory and also increases body temperature. Since people with hypotoridism tend to be more sensitive to cold, it could be the ideal condiment in your kitchen.

5. Oats

Flaked oats.

Oats is a very complete cereal that can provide many health benefits when consumed in moderation and with some regularity within a healthy diet.

This is a good food for patients with thyroid problems, due to all the nutrients and fiber it can provide.

6. Pistachio

Pistachio is one of the most recommended nuts to supplement the diet, because they’re a natural source of essential nutrients for the body. In fact, according to data from the Spanish Nutrition Foundation, they contain unsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, fiber, calcium, magnesium, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine, vitamin E, folate, and a certain amount of iodine.

7. Garlic

Garlic cloves and head.

Although it hasn’t been proven that the consumption of garlic provides any specific benefit to patients with thyroid problems, it’s an adequate complement to a balanced diet.

8. Fennel

In the popular realm, fennel is considered to act as a kind of hormonal regulator, stimulating the production of hormones. It can be taken as a plant or seeds or as an infusion.

9. Ginseng


Ginseng is a natural stimulant that helps to boost metabolism and to lose weight more easily. You can take it from time to time taking breaks, as an infusion, or as a nutritional supplement, if the doctor authorizes it.

10. Sesame

The thyroid is in charge of producing “calcitonin”, a hormone that assimilates calcium. For this reason, people with hypothyroidism can suffer from deficiencies of this mineral and other diseases, such as osteoporosis.

As sesame is a seed that contains calcium, it can help to obtain this nutrient in a natural way and, in a certain way, to prevent its deficit.

Discover: Calcium: properties, functions, and sources

Should you only eat these foods?

You don’t need to base your diet only on the foods that we discussed. Although they can provide you with several benefits. Remember that it’s best for you to always consume them within a balanced diet, in which other food groups are present.

If you have questions about how to eat a healthy diet, ask your doctor. The professional will know how to tell you what’s best for your case, depending on your body’s needs.

All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.

This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.