What Are the Warning Signs of Diabetes?

04 November, 2019
Diabetes can attack with little or no warning signs. Learn to pay close attention and treat it before it turns into a chronic condition, especially if you have a family history of this disease.

Did you know that diabetes is known as a “silent killer,” which can attack you without you even knowing? The warning signs of diabetes can be confused with other health problems or temporary conditions.

For this reason, in today’s article, we want to tell you about the signs of high blood sugar so that you can pay attention and detect this disease in time.

The warning signs of diabetes

A person checking their blood sugar level.

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An increase in blood sugar can be caused by different changes in your body. Most of them have to do with changes when processing carbohydrates.

All cells need glucose for energy. For them to receive their “ratio,” certain processes are carried out. When this system fails for some reason, then your cells require more food to perform its activities.

When this happens, there are no obvious signs that you might consider to be negative. With the passage of time, however, the symptoms could continue to increase.

That’s when you typically consult a doctor who is responsible for identifying an appropriate treatment if you are, in fact, suffering from diabetes.

Signs that indicate high blood sugar

When your glucose increases, it weakens your immune system.

As a result, your body is more vulnerable to all types of infections and wounds to both the skin and your mucous membranes. In addition to that, you lose small blood vessels.

That’s why it’s critical to pay attention to the signals your body is sending you. If you have high blood sugar levels, your body might be trying to tell you through the following:

An excessive appetite

One of the potential signs of diabetes is an excessive appetite. First of all, you need to learn how to distinguish between physiological hunger and emotional hunger. The latter is characterized by a lack of reason when choosing certain foods or quantities.

In the case of the “true” desire to eat, however, your stomach may growl, your head will hurt. It doesn’t matter what you eat: anything will do.

  • When you have a high sugar content in your body it saturates the capacity of your cells to consume it.
  • The body understands this as a lack of nutrients and “asks” the brain to send the right signals to make you hungry.
  • This will provide you with more glucose and, therefore, energy so that everything will work properly.

Slow healing

A person with a cut knee.
If you’ve cut yourself while preparing food, had a recent operation, or suffered from an accident, one way to identify high sugar levels in your bloodstream is the fact that your wounds take a longer time to heal.

This occurs because your arteries and veins are filled with so much sugar that they can’t supply blood to the areas that need healing.

Skin problems

One of the main signs of diabetes is dry skin and pruritus. In some cases, dark patches will appear around the neck and under the arms.

Fungal infections

Because diabetes weakens the immune system, your body doesn’t have the ability to defend itself from attacks by harmful microorganisms.

This is why infections by fungi (especially candida) and bacteria are frequent. An environment filled with sugar is the perfect place for them to reproduce and develop quickly.

In the case of women, vaginal discharge can be a good way to determine if they have such infections, particularly candida.

Weight loss

A slim woman measuring her stomach.
Losing weight without diet or exercise is unhealthy, and a sign that you shouldn’t ignore.

If you’ve been losing weight for no apparent reason and in a short period of time (over six pounds a month), it could be due to high blood sugar levels.

When cells don’t receive glucose as an energy source, they look for that “fuel” from other places. Where? In the protein of your muscle mass.

In addition to this, your kidneys have to work harder to eliminate the excess sugar. As a result, you will lose weight, and will be in danger of kidney failure.

Excessive thirst

You already know that drinking water is fundamental for your body. Under certain circumstances (when it’s hot or when you exercise, for example), your body “asks you” for more fluids.

Pay attention, however. If you find you’re thirsty all the time even though you’re drinking plenty of water.

This is your body’s signal that it needs to replenish its fluid stores, because what you’ve consumed has been used to nourish sugar-filled cells.

The urge to urinate constantly

Because of the fact that your body needs more and more water, you’ll find that you need to go to the bathroom more often.

Maybe you never used to wake up in the night to urinate and now you do. If you’ve had to stop doing certain activities because you can’t wait a minute longer to empty your bladder, perhaps you should consult your doctor.

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Excessive fatigue

No matter how much you sleep or rest, you’re always tired and feel weak.

People whose blood sugar levels are high tend to experience a lot of fatigue and feel sluggish. And if they’re getting up often in the night to urinate, it’s likely that their body won’t be able to recover sufficiently from the efforts of the day.

Other symptoms of high blood sugar and potential signs of diabetes include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Irritability
  • Tingling in the extremities
  • Leg cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting