Healing Properties of Plantain: What Does Science Say?

The various medicinal properties of plantain make it a very useful plant at home. We'll tell you all about it.
Healing Properties of Plantain: What Does Science Say?

Written by Editorial Team

Last update: 04 December, 2022

The healing properties of plantain are diverse: it helps in the recovery of colds, it’s healing, a gastric protector, is hypoglycemic, and contributes to kidney health, among many other benefits.

It’s considered rich in flavonoids and other compounds. In natural medicine, both its green leaves and seeds are used. It can be taken as an infusion and applied topically.

This plant is also consumed as food, in different recipes such as soups, stews, and purees. However, it should be used with caution during pregnancy. Do you know all the healing properties of plantain? Read on and find out more.

Healing properties of plantain

Plantain is a herbaceous species, also known as Plantago major, Plantago lanceolata, and broad-leafed plantain; it belongs to the Plantaginaceae family. It’s small, no more than twenty centimeters (8 inches) and has lanceolate, slightly toothed leaves. It’s often found in European and American countries, especially in humid environments.

Like many other plants, the curative properties of plantain have been the focus of different pieces of research. Thanks to this, there are now papers that support many of the medicinal benefits attributed to it. For example, a study published in Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy determined that plantain contains:

  • Flavonoids
  • Alkaloids
  • Terpenoids
  • Phenolic acid derivatives
  • Iridoid glycosides
  • Fatty acids
  • Polysaccharides
  • Vitamins A, C, K
  • Potassium citrate
Properties of plantain.
Research has determined that plantain contains substances with pharmacological potential. However, the plant is still under study.

Benefits of plantain

Due to the components of plantain, various healing properties are attributed to it, and so we can list a number of benefits that this plant provides to our health. However, we also need to clarify that it shouldn’t be considered a miraculous species, nor should it replace medical treatment.

In some cases, it could be a good adjuvant or complementary treatment. However, it’s advisable to consult a doctor before taking it, as it isn’t exempt from side effects or interacting with other medications.

1. Healing agent

According to the research cited above, plantain has positive effects as an adjuvant in the case of wounds, helping to heal and even acting as an anti-ulcerative agent.

2. Flu and colds

Plantain is often used to fight common viral infections, such as flu and colds. According to research published in Antiviral Research , this is mainly due to its content of phenolic compounds, which have antiviral activity.

3. Other respiratory and oral conditions

Plantain leaf tea can be used to help thin and expel bronchial secretions. Also, gargling with this infusion relieves mouth and throat conditions, including tonsillitis and canker sores.

4. Protection against bacteria

Plantago major contains polysaccharide peptides, which have a high antibacterial activity, thus providing protective effects against Streptococcus pneumoniae, among other bacteria.

5. Liver health

Among the healing properties of plantain, positive effects against hepatotoxicity have also been found. A study published in the medical journal Indian Journal of Pharmacology found that the plant is anti-inflammatory and, in addition, hepatoprotective.

6. Gastric ulcers

The leaves and seeds have been found to have gastroprotective functions, reducing the acidity of gastric juices and providing relief from heartburn. It may also inhibit Helicobacter Pylori activity.

7. Hypoglycemic

It’s believed that plantain may help control blood sugar levels by assisting in the processes taking place in pancreatic cells.

8. Diuretic

It may have a diuretic effect, and plantain tea may help reduce fluid retention, contributing to the treatment of urinary tract infections.

9. Contributes to kidney health

In the same vein, because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, plantain also appears to help in the treatment of kidney stones. Specifically, it’s thought that it may prevent their growth.

According to a study published in the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, extracts of this plant were superior to allopurinol and potassium citrate in inhibiting the size of a calcium oxalate crystal in vitro.

10. Treatment of burns

According to the results of an investigation (article in Spanish) in which the use of plantain in first-degree burns was analyzed, in the majority (75.9%) of patients, this treatment was favorable.

11. Premature aging

Being rich in antioxidants, plantain can prevent and repair damage caused by free radicals, preventing premature aging or decreasing the signs associated with it.

12. Other healing properties of plantain

A wound.
Findings on plantain have established that it can aid in the treatment of skin wounds. In particular, it helps to promote the regeneration of injured skin.

According to research published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology , there are other healing properties of plantain, as it’s also useful in the treatment of wounds:

  • To treat boils and various skin diseases
  • To decrease symptoms in circulation problems and hypertension
  • To maintain stable blood sugar levels
  • To prevent premature aging
  • To decrease urine loss

How can plantain be taken?

Plantain tea is very easy to prepare:

  • Boil some water and pour it into a cup
  • Add a spoonful of green or dried leaves
  • Cover and let it steep for ten minutes
  • Strain and drink once or twice a day

With the fresh leaves you can prepare juice:

  • Put a cup of cold water and two tablespoons of chopped leaves in a blender.
  • Blend very well.
  • Strain and drink it on an empty stomach.

Uses and applications

  • It can be used topically or as a poultice. The plantain leaves are heated a little and then put on the affected parts, either by wounds, inflammations, ulcers, or insect bites.
  • Its seeds are used in infusions as a complementary remedy against parasites.
  • The infusion, in general, helps to reduce digestive discomfort such as diarrhea.
  • Also, the peel is considered a remedy for constipation.
  • When added to meals, it helps you enjoy all its properties.

Side effects of plantain

In general, there are no records of side effects of plantain administered orally in moderate amounts. However, its consumption is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Neither should it be administered to young children. Similarly, in cases of illness or other treatment, it’s best to consult a doctor to reduce the chances of an adverse reaction.

All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.

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  • Akbar, S. (2020). Plantago major L.(Plantaginaceae). In Handbook of 200 Medicinal Plants, 1455-1463.
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This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.