All kinds of cancer are extremely dangerous and should be detected early, receive proper treatment and a rigorous follow-up. Today, we will talk specifically about cervical cancer or uterine cancer in this article.
You should be aware of the possible symptoms of cervical cancer or uterine cancer, get regular checkups and see your doctor as soon as symptoms arise. Below we will talk more in depth about what the main warning signs of cervical or uterine cancer are, so keep on reading.
Warning Signs of Cancer
Various research groups on cancer agree that there is a series of warning signs that everyone should know and at the smallest sign, we recommend seeing a doctor as soon as possible.
The seven warning signs for cancer detection are:
- Change in intestinal or urinary habits
- Skin ulcers that won’t heal
- Hemorrhages or secretions with no reasonable explanation
- Presence of nodules
- Persistent coughing or hoarseness
- Indigestion or difficulty when swallowing
- Changes or alterations in a mole
The Main Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer
Everyone should know that a risk factor is anything that tends to increases your probability of contracting a disease. Risk factors tend to vary according to each type of cancer, like skin cancer, etc.
Once the risk factors have been detected, you should focus on the ones you can change or prevent, i.e. smoking cigarettes and getting HPV or the human papillomavirus, and you should not focus on the factors that unfortunately you cannot change like age or family history. Below we will list some risk factors that influence the development of cervical cancer.
Human Papillomavirus or HPV
This is considered to be the most important risk factor in contracting cervical cancer. Doctors expect a woman to be infected with HPV before developing cervical cancer, although this could possibly be from any kind of high risk infection. Around two thirds of all cervical cancer cases are caused by HPV 16 and 18.
Women who smoke have very high chances of contracting cervical cancer, even double the possibility of a non-smoking woman because smoking exposes the body to many carcinogenic chemical substances that can affect other organs in addition to the lungs. Unfortunately, these substances do get to the blood flow, thanks to the exchange of gases. Smoking also helps the immune system to be less effective in fighting HPV.
The virus that causes AIDS, also known as HIV, causes a lot of damage to the immune system and puts women at a greater risk of infection for HPV. This could help explain the increased risk of cervical cancer in women with AIDS.
This is identified as a kind of bacteria that can infect the reproductive system and can be contracted through sexual contact. Studies have shown that women who have had or have chlamydia have a greater risk of contracting cervical cancer.
Women with poor dietary habits, that lack enough fruit, salads, and vegetables, have a greater risk of being diagnosed with cervical cancer.
Birth Control Pills
Many studies state that women who use birth control pills are more susceptible to cervical cancer, and more so if they use it for prolonged periods of time. However, the risk is reduced when the woman stops using the pills. The risk is even more extreme when the use of these pills is equal to or more than 5 years.
Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
In general, the warning signs don’t begin to appear until the pre-cancerous symptom turns into a true invasive cancer, tending to grow towards the neighboring tissue. When this occurs, the most common symptoms are:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Unusual vaginal secretion
- Pain during sex
However, these symptoms are complex, because they can also be caused by other types of problems.