Moles are small marks that appear on your skin. They are very common and appear regularly throughout childhood or adolescence. Moles are formed from the action of the cells in charge of producing the skin pigment called melanocytes. These are also called birth marks and can have different shapes, like flat or swollen, smooth or bumpy. Their color can also vary and they can be brown or black. They can often even have the same color as your skin. If you’d like to to know about moles, then keep reading.
Most moles aren’t dangerous and there is no need to remove them. Almost everyone has them, although some people have more than others. In this article, we will go over the basic information you should know about moles.
However, when a mole changes color, size, or shape, it is important to have an urgent consultation with a dermatologist, as well as when a mole stops being inoffensive: it could have burning, itchiness, pain, or bleeding.
Dysplastic nevi or atypical moles are bigger than normal moles and can be over a centimeter in size. Its shape can change as well as its color, ranging from light brown to very dark with a pink background.
There are many people that can have over one hundred atypical moles. In old age, they continue forming and can be found on any part of the body, especially in those places that are regularly covered. People that have a lot of atypical moles and also have relatives that have suffered from this type of mole (or melanoma) should be very careful because they have a higher possibility of suffering from skin cancer as it is hereditary.
People that have atypical moles should be very aware of changes that these can cause and even more so if they have family history of melanoma or if they feel like they should seek immediate professional help. They should also use a good sunscreen because the sun rays increases the risk of developing skin cancer.
How to Know if Your Moles Are Abnormal
It is very important that you learn how to identify abnormal moles so that you can examine your skin frequently and establish the difference between an inoffensive and normal mole and a mole that is turning into an abnormal one that could end up being a cancerous mole. Keep the following in mind:
- A suspicious mole is not asymmetrical. In other words, its two halves are not equal to each other, it can vary in size, shape, color, and thickness, and it does not look like it is part of the same mole.
- Its edges are very irregular. They are indistinct and don’t have a defined shape.
- The color is not the same in the whole mole. It can have various colors.
- The size of a melanoma can be between six millimeters in diameter or a little bit smaller. Its size varies.
When you have any of these signs, it’s best to get specialized attention because if it advances it can turn into a truly complicated and dangerous health problem. Remember that the most essential part in a case like this is prevention or in the worst case, if you already have melanoma, immediate attention is the best way to stop the disease on time. You should not give up for any reason.