Treatments Options Against Breast Cysts

Breast cysts don't tend to be dangerous, although it's a good idea to talk to your gynecologist so they can examine you and provide an accurate diagnosis.
Treatments Options Against Breast Cysts

Last update: 06 March, 2021

Breast cysts are small sacs of liquid that form in breast tissue. They can be alarming for a lot of women when they do a self-breast exam and feel them, but they’re actually benign and not often serious.

They appear in one or both breasts and generally feel like a grape or ball filled with water. Size and shape can vary.

They’re very common in women between 30 and 60 but can appear at any age since they’re due to many reasons.

Today there are several ways of treating breast cysts that address their tendency to continue to grow, as well as the pain and inflammation.

We’d like to take this opportunity to share their main causes and treatment options. Don’t miss out!

What causes breast cysts?

An illustration of a breast cyst.

Breast cysts are caused by benign changes in the mammary glands. Often, they’re the result of a blockage of the lobule outlets in the breasts, and this causes fluid accumulation.

According to some experts, “90% of nodules in young women are due to a benign condition. However, it’s necessary to obtain a proper diagnosis.”

Regarding the causes of breast cysts, it’s important to take into account the indications of the Mayo Clinic:

“Scientists don’t know the cause of breast cysts yet. These may manifest as a result of the hormonal changes of menstruation. Furthermore, there’s evidence indicating that excess estrogen in the body, which stimulates breast tissue, may contribute to the development of these cysts.”

This condition has a link to:

  • Sudden hormonal changes, during or after menopause
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol or smoking
  • A poor diet

Symptoms of breast cysts


Breast cysts may form in one or both breasts. The symptoms vary in each individual person, depending on which stage it is detected in. Generally, they manifest with signs such as:

  • Round or oval bulges or balls, varied in shape, noticeable to the touch
  • Pain in one or several areas of the breasts
  • Sensitivity in the area of the lump
  • Transparent or yellow secretion from the nipples

Treatment for breast cysts

Some cysts are so small one can only detect them with mammograms or mammary ultrasounds. While they’re not a big problem, your doctor will want to check them to make sure you won’t have any complications. If your doctor notices they’re growing in size, they may suggest:

Draining them with a needle

Hypodermic needle.

Dr. Mary Ann Kosir says that the ideal treatment is to drain and remove them so they don’t continue to cause discomfort when they cause pain.

Furthermore, the doctor can intervene with a hypodermic needle aspiration procedure, as explained by the experts of the Western Breast Services Alliance, if they’re large enough to be palpated.

  • It can be an uncomfortable treatment, but it isn’t painful and only lasts a couple of minutes
  • Once done, the cysts are significantly smaller and may even appear to have disappeared
  • One can repeat the procedure if the lumps reappear

Hormone therapy

The doctor may suggest contraceptives or other hormonal treatments if the cysts are caused by certain hormonal imbalances in order to keep them from coming back.

  • In this case, they’ll evaluate the possible side effects and the patient’s state of health because this isn’t always the best choice
  • In fact, this treatment is only recommended for women with fairly malignant breast cysts

Surgery to remove the breast cysts

Breast cyst removal surgery is only necessary for atypical situations or if the doctor sees any reason for concern. Doctors consider this option if:

  • The cyst causes daily discomfort
  • And if they reappear every month after draining.
  • Also, if the fluid sac contains blood or looks worrisome
  • Finally, if the tumor is cancerous

Natural remedies


Certain natural remedies can help with pain related to breast cysts. Also, making some dietary changes can help eliminate them and prevent them.

Hot-cold compresses

The application of cold or hot compresses helps soothe sensitive breasts. They have an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect that can give you relief from the pain within minutes.


According to popular belief, the diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties of some natural infusions can help reduce the size of cysts.

Some of the recommended infusions are chamomile, plantain, peppermint, pennyroyal, and horsetail.


A woman eating a salad.

A healthy, balanced diet, rich in vitamin E and omega 3 fatty acids, can go a long way when you have breast cysts.

The consumption of ultra-processed food, salt (in large quantities), refined products, foodstuffs with high-fat content, or stimulants (caffeine) isn’t recommended.

Any doubts? Consult your doctor

Do you feel a strange lump in your breasts? Don’t worry. Chances are that it’s nothing serious. However, consult your doctor and have a check-up to clear any doubts.