10 Symptoms of Thyroid Problems

It's very important to identify symptoms of thyroid disease early to fight it and prevent complications.
10 Symptoms of Thyroid Problems
José Gerardo Rosciano Paganelli

Reviewed and approved by the doctor José Gerardo Rosciano Paganelli.

Last update: 26 May, 2022

The three most common thyroid problems are hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid nodules. Although these each affect the body in different ways, they have some symptoms in common that can warn us when something is wrong. We’ll cover 10 common symptoms of thyroid problems that everyone should know.

The thyroid is a gland that regulates that body’s metabolism. It determines the rate at which the body burns calories and how fast the heart beats. It’s also responsible for maintaining hormonal balance.

In adulthood, people often begin to suffer from thyroid problems which leads to different disorders affecting physical and emotional health.

In the next paragraphs, we’ll discuss some of the most noticeable symptoms of thyroid problems.

Symptoms of thyroid problems

Fatigue and tiredness

If after getting 8 to 10 hours of sleep a night, you still feel tired or feel the need to take a nap, you may be suffering from problems with hormone production in your thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). The thyroid plays an important role in energy levels. Therefore, experiencing fatigue can be a sign that something isn’t right.

Weight changes

Person getting on a scale

The thyroid gland is responsible for regulating the speed of your metabolism, which is the process through which the body burns calories.

When there is a sudden increase in weight, it can be a sign of hypothyroidism, which is when the thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones. But if, on the contrary, you experience sudden, unexplained weight loss, the thyroid may be producing too many hormones. This is a condition known as hyperthyroidism.

Mood problems

The hormonal disorders caused by thyroid problems can also affect you emotionally. If you suddenly experience anxiety, depression, unexplained mood swings or feelings of anguish, it might be your body trying to tell you something’s wrong with your thyroid.

Body aches

Woman with a back pain

Sudden pains in the muscles, joints or tendons

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Reproductive difficulties

The hormonal imbalances associated with thyroid problems can cause complications in conceiving children, changes in the menstrual period and a lack of sexual desire.

Feeling cold all the time

The thyroid gland regulates body temperature and is responsible for keeping the body warm. Frequent cold hands and feet, as well as the rest of the body, can be an indication of difficulties in the thyroid gland and metabolism.

Changes in the skin, hair and nails

Damaged nails

Dry skin, hair loss and cracked nails are common signs of hypothyroidism. These symptoms will gradually increase in severity and require treatment to prevent them from becoming chronic.


Decreased hormonal activity in the thyroid affects processes across the entire body. Also, the organs have difficulties carrying out their functions.

In the digestive system, thyroid disorders manifest as problems absorbing nutrients from foods, as well as difficulty eliminating waste products through the digestive tract. The result can be a severe case of constipation.

Cognitive problems

Woman hacing troubles focusing

Often, those with thyroid problems complain of poor memory and have difficulty concentrating. This is due to the reduced secretion of thyroid hormones that slows down many functions in the body.

Voice and throat

If there’s a problem with the thyroid, it’s likely that the gland will be inflamed or bigger. When this happens, it can cause sore throat, hoarseness, malaise, swelling in the neck or snoring, among others.

What can you do about these warning signs?

Doctor checking a woman for thyroid problems

In the majority of cases, thyroid problems are detected when they’re already advanced. This is because early symptoms are often confused with other ailments.

It’s very important to be aware of the symptoms. This is key for an early diagnosis. Ignoring the symptoms of a possible thyroid problem can lead to further health problems that are difficult to control.

If you’re experiencing symptoms of thyroid problems, it’s important to consult your doctor for a medical exam and diagnostic testing. Also, if you have a family history of thyroid problems, you should receive regular checkups more often to verify that your thyroid is functioning properly.

The contents of this publication are for informational purposes only. At no time can they serve to facilitate or replace the diagnoses, treatments, or recommendations of a professional. Consult with your trusted specialist if you have any doubts and seek their approval before beginning any procedure.