Read About the 5 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Read About the 5 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Read About the 5 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Gilberto Adaulfo Sánchez Abreu

Reviewed and approved by the doctor Gilberto Adaulfo Sánchez Abreu.

Written by Okairy Zuñiga

Last update: 26 May, 2022

To prevent sexually transmitted diseases, it’s essential to use condoms, including during oral sex. This is the only way that you can be sure to reduce the possibility of being infected.

Sex is an enjoyable activity.

Nevertheless, there’s a big problem if we have sex recklessly: sexually transmitted diseases, commonly referred to as STD’s.

STD’s are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The contact may be oral, anal, or vaginal.

Even though some of theses diseases are easy to cure and in a short time disappear, others can be truly problematic for life.

Here, we’ll discuss the most common symptoms. Be aware of them and alert to any possible sign.

1. Chlamydia

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Bacteria causes chlamydia. It doesn’t have severe symptoms and can be confused with several types of infections.

The main problem with chlamydia is that if it is not treated on time, it can cause sterility and harm feminine reproductive organs.

Symptoms of chlamydia in women

•  Fever

•  Nausea

•  Burning when urinating

•   Painful intercourse

•   Abnormal secretions

•   Pain in the lower abdomen or the lower back

•   Vaginal bleeding after intercourse or between periods

Also read:  HIV virus was completely eliminated from the blood of a British patient.

Symptoms of chlamydia in men

•  Abnormal secretion

•  Pain when urinating

•  Burning or itching around the opening of the penis

2. Genital herpes

Genital herpes is an STD caused by the herpes simplex virus. Once this virus is contracted, it stays in the body forever.

Occasionally, outbreaks of blisters and ulcers will appear in the genital and rectal area.

After a time the blisters occur less and less. The symptoms are the same for men and women:

  • Flu-like symptoms such as fever and swollen lymph nodes.
  • Blisters and ulcers appear on the genitals and rectum.

3. Gonorrhea


Gonorrhea is another bacterial STD that is quite common.

This bacteria is produced in humid and warm places. Because of this, gynecologists tend to find it in the cervix and the fallopian tubes in women.

In men, it tends to develop in the urethra.

Other areas where it can develop are the mouth, the eyes, the throat and the rectum.

If not treated on time,  gonorrhea can cause permanent problems for both men and women. 

Symptoms of gonorrhea in women

•  Painful and burning urination

•  Abundant vaginal secretions

•  Bleeding between periods

Symptoms in men

•  Painful urination

•  Pain, swelling and sensitivity in the testicles

•  Whitish, yellowish or greenish secretion from the penis.

4. HIV or AIDS

HIV is a virus of the human immune system and can develop into AIDS.

It attacks the immune system to the point of destruction. That’s why it’s absolutely necessary to avoid it or treat it as soon as possible if contracted.

It’s important to realize that HIV as well as AIDS are STDs that can be medically treated in order to control them.  However, there is no definitive cure for these conditions.

The danger of HIV and AIDS is that it can be contracted without presenting any symptoms for 10 years after contact.

The only way to rule out the presence of these conditions is to do the corresponding medical tests. These are very simple and merely consist of a blood test that is practically painless.

The symptoms of HIV are:

•  Thrush

•  Sore throat

•  Headache

•  Skin eruptions

•  Sudden weight loss

•  Serious recurring infections

•  Fatigue, dizziness, and confusion

•  Diarrhea, fever and night sweats

•  Bumps on the skin and ulcers in the mouth

•  Out of the ordinary bruising

Also see: The HIV Virus Was Completely Eliminated from a British Patient’s Blood

5.  Human papilloma virus

Human papilloma virus

The last STD we want to mention is the human papilloma virus, or HPV.

Even though many consider HPV to be the most serious, some strains of HIV are impossible to treat. Others can cause cancer in the area it attacks when treatment isn’t given in time.

Luckily, there is a vaccine for:

•  Females between the ages of  11 and 26 years old

•  Men between the ages of 9 and 26 years old

If you are not in theses ages ranges, the vaccine doesn’t make much sense for you. In this case, it will be vital to always use barrier contraceptive methods. This also includes oral sex.

Symptoms of human papilloma virus

•  Genital warts

•  Warts in the throat

Reduce you changes of getting any STD

Since many STDs present no symptoms, many people have a disease without realizing it.

The best option to avoid them is abstinence. However, you probably don’t want to give up sex, in which case we recommend the following:

•  Always wear a condom during sexual relations.

Many people have the belief that it’s only necessary to use protection during anal or vaginal sex, but oral sex presents the same risk. 

•   Have an annual exam. Visit your gynecologist or urologist to have an exam each year.

•  Speak honesty with your partner. As much as you like your new partner, it’s important to ask directly if s/he has had any STDs.

All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.

  • Chlamydia. (2014).
  • 2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. (2015, June 4)
  • Genital HPV infection – fact sheet. (2017). Hahn AW, et al. (2017). Human papillomavirus infection.

This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.