The vagina is a shallow genital organ and therefore is exposed to different kinds of infections. Vaginal infections cause various uncomfortable symptoms depending on the type.
For this reason, the secretions may be different in terms of smell, color and consistency, as well as the itching and pain that some infections can cause.
Main types of vaginal infections and their causes
The specific discomforts or symptoms help to diagnose the type of vaginal infection, as well as the cause. The most common vaginal infections and their causes include:
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1. Vaginal candidiasis
This kind of infection, as well as being very common, is characterized by causing symptoms like:
- Vaginal itching.
- Thick, whitish discharge.
- Reddening of the vagina and vulva.
This infection is caused by the fungus Candida Albicans, which is part of the natural flora of the vagina, the digestive tract and the mouth. When this fungus increases in number in the vaginal tissue, it causes the characteristic discharge.
It tends to appear as a consequence of a depression of the immune system due to illnesses like mellitus diabetes, leukemia or others. It can also appear as a consequence of sexual contact.
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2. Bacterial vaginosis
This infection tends to be another of the most common vaginal infections. The characteristics of the secretion it generates are decisive in diagnosing it. The flow secreted as a consequence of bacterial vaginosis is characterized by:
- Fishy odor, due to the amines it contains.
- Intense vaginal itching.
- Yellowy-white color.
- Dyspareunia or vaginismus.
It is caused by a combination of bacteria which grow out of control in the vaginal flora, totally breaking the vaginal balance. Bacterial vaginosis is not contagious through sexual contact. However, recurring infections tend to happen among sexually active women.
Unfortunately, this infections causes a lot of discomfort for the women who suffer from it. It is a moderately intense infection, so you should treat it a timely manner. Otherwise, it can cause a pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to a sepsis or a generalized infection.
The secretion caused by this kind of vaginal infection is characterized by:
- Greenish color.
- Intense nauseating odor.
- Totally liquid texture.
- Vaginal itching.
- Pain when urinating.
It is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas Vaginalis, which is transmitted by sexual contact. This parasite can live in both the masculine and feminine genitals. Its secretion has very specific characteristics, which helps to diagnose it correctly and thus give timely treatment.
4. Chlamydial vaginitis
This is another of the most common vaginal infections. It is very common in women between 18 and 35 years of age.
To begin with, it can be an asymptomatic ailment, but later it causes the following symptoms:
- Vaginal pain.
- Light bleeding during sexual intercourse.
- Pain in the lower part of the abdomen.
- Itching in the vulva.
The microorganism responsible for this vaginal infection is called Chlamydia Trachomatis, and is transmitted by sexual contact. It is a high risk vaginal infection because it causes microscopic lesions in the uterine neck, which can affect reproductive capacity.
For this reason, timely treatment is essential.
In conclusion, all vaginal infections require immediate treatment due to the complications they can cause in the long term. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, the best thing you can do is go to a specialist doctor so that they can indicate a treatment as soon as possible, depending on the kind of vaginal infection you have.