Symptoms of Hypocalcemia and its Treatment
Hypocalcemia is diagnosed when there is a deficit of calcium in the blood. Today we'll tell you about its diagnosis and available treatments.
Today, we’d like to tell you about the symptoms of hypocalcemia and its available treatments. If your blood calcium levels are too low, you may have symptoms of this condition, as hypocalcemia is a common disease. The good news is that you can treat it.
Calcium is one of the essential minerals your body needs to be in optimal shape. This mineral has two very important functions at the intracellular and extracellular levels, as several studies point out.
- On an intracellular level, it’s involved in several enzymatic reactions and is important for the transmission of nerve signals.
- Meanwhile, on an extracellular level, it’s important for endocrine secretion, coagulation, and neuromuscular plaque.
Knowing these two levels is very important because many of the symptoms of hypocalcemia are often associated with them.
Next, let’s answer some important questions in regard to this disease.
The Symptoms of Hypocalcemia and its Treatment
Hypocalcemia commonly appears when there’s a deficiency of vitamin D. Most of the time, it’s the result of chronic kidney disease or some serious blood problem such as leukemia.
In all these cases and many more, the main organs that begin to degrade due to this calcium deficit in the blood will be the bones, intestines, and kidneys.
Let’s look at some of the symptoms of this disease more closely.
- Increased excitability of the neuromuscular plaque. This includes painful muscle spasms, although they mainly affect the muscles of the limbs. This is what’s known as tetany.
- Fatigue and weakness. Patients are much more tired than usual. This may be due to diarrhea and sudden weight loss, another result of having this condition.
- Psychosis and anxiety. These two symptoms are quite common. Patients may begin to manifest a change in their sense of reality, followed by several anxiety crises.
- Paresthesia: In addition to spasms, people may feel tingling, numbness and burning in different parts of the body. Sometimes, you may also notice sharp pain.
These are just some of the symptoms that may accompany hypocalcemia. However, there are many others, such as arrhythmias or arterial hypotension, among others.
If your symptoms point to hypocalcemia, then seek medical advice so you can obtain a reliable diagnosis. Then, you’ll be able to begin your treatment as soon as possible.
Treatments for Hypocalcemia
A blood test is required in order to properly diagnose a person who presents symptoms of hypocalcemia. This way, the MD will find out if they should begin treatment. In addition, they’ll be able to determine the type of hypocalcemia they’re dealing with.
The symptoms of this type of hypocalcemia are quite severe and therefore treatment must follow immediately. The most common one involves intravenous administration of calcium gluconate, a mineral.
Note that treatment must be monitored and controlled at all times while a person is receiving it. This is because, although necessary, the treatment could lead to cardiac arrhythmias.
This second type of hypocalcemia is different from the previous one.
In this case, a person has serious, regular problems stabilizing and balancing their blood calcium levels. Also, they’ve been dealing with this condition for an extended period of time.
For this reason, a person afflicted with symptoms of chronic hypocalcemia needs permanent control over it. One of the most common treatments consists of oral intake of calcium and vitamin D supplements.
This type of hypocalcemia isn’t as severe as the previous one, however, it does require follow-up in order to keep calcium levels stable.
These follow-ups may take place weekly after a diagnosis. Then, they’ll be reduced to once a month, and then once every three. It’s very important that a person undergoing treatment for hypocalcemia patients attends every single one of their control sessions, as per doctor’s instructions.
There’s no risk of arrhythmias, but kidney stones may appear. The way to keep them at bay is maintaining control over the salt a person diagnosed with hypocalcemia consumes.
We hope this article allowed you to recognize the symptoms of hypocalcemia and its treatments. The condition is quite common, even though few people know about it.