The word “cyst” is not unknown to the female population, because it’s one of the more common conditions that can affect their reproductive system during their lifetime.
This is a benign disorder that develops in the ovaries, which can eventually cause complications if not cared for in time.
While most of the time it doesn’t pose a real danger to health, it’s important that all women know what ovarian cysts are and what to do if they’re diagnosed with one.
That’s why we wanted to share the nine most important facts about ovarian cysts to be aware of.
1. What are ovarian cysts?Cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that form on the ovaries, which can range in size from millimeters to more than five centimeters.
Whenever a woman ovulates, a small cell or follicle forms in one of her ovaries, which is broken when the egg is mature and ready to be fertilized.
If a pregnancy does not occur, the follicle is naturally reabsorbed. However, if this process does not take place, the cell becomes a cyst, giving rise to this type of foreign body.
Please read: The 5 things that affect ovarian health
2. Ages at risk
Women are at the risk of developing this condition after they reach puberty and throughout their childbearing years.
Ovarian cysts usually disappear with the onset of menopause, but in certain cases they may appear later in life.
3. Related factorsSo far there’s no exact cause that has been determined to explain why these small cysts are formed in the ovaries.
However, several factors have been linked to them:
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Undergoing fertility treatments
- Hormonal imbalances
- Genetic factors
4. The main symptoms
As with other disorders related to the reproductive system, the symptoms tend to get confused with other more common conditions.
The problem is that they’re not always noticeable early on, and many women prefer to ignore them.
Among them are the following:
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Abdominal and pelvic pain that radiates to the back or legs
- Severe pelvic pain before and during menstruation
- Severe pain during intercourse
- Vomiting and nausea
- Tenderness in the breast tissue
- Feeling of heaviness
- Abdominal distension
- Pressure in the rectum or bladder
5. How are ovarian cysts detected?If you suspect you have an ovarian cyst you should have a pelvic exam and an ultrasound or MRI. If one is present, a blood test will be performed to determine whether it should be removed or not.
6. What is the treatment?
Usually your gynecologist will recommend periodic checks to determine whether the cyst is reabsorbed over time.
If it increases in size or causes pain and other complications, you may be asked to take oral contraceptives or undergo a surgical procedure to remove it.
7. Cysts and fertilityOne of the biggest concerns women have when diagnosed with a cyst is their fertility. It typically won’t pose a risk for conception, but in certain cases it can prevent proper ovulation.
In addition to that, the size of the cyst can increase and alter the function of the ovaries or deform them, altering your future fertility.
8. They don’t normally occur during menopause
A woman who has entered menopause should have no risk of ovarian cysts. If one is present, it should be a cause for concern.
According to the experts, cysts or tumors during menopause can be a strong indicator of cancer.
They should be carefully evaluated by a doctor.
9. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (POS)
The appearance of cysts in various parts of the ovary, such as a cluster of seven to 10 different follicles, is a condition known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (POS).
It can be caused by difficulties during ovulation and the main culprit is hormonal imbalances.
In such cases, more care and attention is required because it’s usually accompanied by alterations in menstruation, infertility, excessive body hair, and more.
In most cases these cysts don’t cause any problems and will disappear by themselves with time.
Nevertheless, it’s important that you undergo regular medical checkups to ensure that all is well.