7 Complications Associated with Thyroid Disorders

09 January, 2019
The thyroid is a gland that plays a role in various metabolic processes which is why any kind of deficit can produce alterations. In our article, we want to explain what kind of disorders can result and the treatments you should follow.
Thyroid disorders lead to a wide range of symptoms and complications that often have a serious impact on a patient’s quality of life.

They’re without a doubt one of the most common medical conditions that especially affect women. While a treatment does exist to treat thyroid disorders, they usually imply considerably long processes, including chronic treatments that can require surgical intervention.

At the same time, we can’t forget that this butterfly-shaped gland acts in countless metabolic processes. Any kind of hormonal deficit or excess can result in alterations that can be confused with other illnesses.

It’s for this very reason that it’s quite common for patients to be tired without knowing why or for them to associate weight gain with stress. 

Not a lot of diseases provoke so many types of complications as we see in the case of thyroid disorders, so it’s helpful to be aware of them. They’re definitely worth knowing for our health and well-being.

Today, we’ll take a look at some of the most common symptoms.

1. Constipation, digestive problems or irritable colon

thyroid disorders

Thyroid disorders often cause a wide arrange of changes in our digestive system.

Before receiving a diagnosis for a thyroid disorder, it’s normal to experience phases of poor digestion or even outbreaks of irritable colon.

On the other hand, the symptoms we experience can also help determine what kind of thyroid problem we suffer from:

  • Hypothyroidism:
    •  Constipation
    •  Poor absorption of nutrients
    •  Indigestion
  • Hyperthyroidism
    •     Diarrhea
    •     Stomach pain
    •     Abdominal distention
    •     Occasional vomiting

Learn all about 6 Ways to Naturally Improve Thyroid Function

2. Menstruation problems and possible infertility

Irregularities in menstrual cycles are common for patients with thyroid problems.

  • In cases of hypothyroidism, menstruation cycles tend to be longer and more painful.
  • In turn, women who suffer from hyperthyroidism usually have shorter and more frequent periods, or worse, reach menopause early. 

This is certainly one of the more serious complications associated with thyroid disorders. However, it usually appears in women who haven’t been diagnosed in time or in those that lack an effective treatment.

3. Muscular and joint problems

Muscular and joint problems

This is one of the most common thyroid disorder problems; however, it’s also one of the least known. It’s important to be aware of the following:

  • People with hypothyroidism, regardless of age or gender, usually suffer persistent muscle and joint pain. It’s a symptom that wears them down so much that it can even result in an erroneous diagnosis like, for example, fibromyalgia. However, with treatment, this symptom usually reduces considerably. At the same time, people with thyroid problems often develop carpel tunnel syndrome or plantar fasciitis.
  • In the case of people with hyperthyroidism, they tend to experience pain and weakness in their arms and legs. 

4. High cholesterol

Here’s yet another symptom that may surprise a few of us. Suffering a thyroid problem can cause bad cholesterol, LDL, more resistant to treatment.

  • This is common when certain patients aren’t successful in lowering their cholesterol level despite trying diet, exercise and even statins. When this occurs, we’re usually dealing with a case of hypothyroidism.
  • On the other hand, a very low level of cholesterol (which isn’t necessarily a good thing) can indicate hyperthyroidism.

5. Changes in resting habits resulting from thyroid disorders

Changes in resting habits resulting from thyroid disorders

One of the consequences that most affect the quality of life for thyroid disease patients is poor rest. However, the disorders don’t actually affect the hours of sleep but rather:

  • Sometimes, patients wake up tired and weak even if having slept 10 hours the night prior.
  • On occasions, the sensation of not having rested sufficiently leads the patient to take naps or sleep through entire weekends. It’s a very serious problem.

In other instances, however, a person can go to bed and struggle to fall asleep due to tachycardia, heightened nervousness or anxiety.

6. Changes in skin

In addition to hair loss, it’s normal to experience noticeable skin changes.

  • Skin can appear rougher, drier and scalier especially on the ankles, knees and elbows. These are conditions associated with hypothyroidism.
  • On the other hand, in cases of hyperthyroidism, skin can become delicate and very sensitive to temperature changes.

Also read: 8 Things You Can Do To Fight Thyroid Related Hair Loss

7. Depression and anxiety

Depression and anxiety

Hypothyroidism derives from a less active thyroid that can lead to a change in our neurotransmitters as a consequence. The drop in serotonin or dopamine can result in depression.

On the other hand, when a patient with a depressive disorder shows resistance to psychiatric drugs, it’s likely that they suffer from a thryoid problem.

This goes to show that many of the thyroid disorders that many people suffer from can be found in problems like: mood, nocturnal rest or joint pain. These could be thyroid problems that haven’t yet received a diagnosis or an effective treatment.

Keep this symptoms in mind.

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