Types of Heating Systems and Their Pros and Cons

There are many types of heating systems and it can be a pain to choose the most suitable for your home. Today's article is a compilation of the pros and cons of these kinds of mechanisms.
Types of Heating Systems and Their Pros and Cons

Last update: 15 December, 2022

Heating systems are quite useful for staying warm when cold temperatures invade our homes. There are many ways to warm up but today’s article will tell you everything you need to know about the many types of heaters and their advantages and disadvantages.

The purpose of this appliance is to be able to handle the cold. As you well know, it’s possible to increase the temperature in specific enclosed areas of a building.

There are many different types of heating systems nowadays, from biomass and electric or heating with gas as well as with renewable energies. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Gas heating systems

As the name suggests, this heating system involves the use of natural or bottled gas to maintain the temperature in an enclosed environment. It’s one of the most widely used today.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons:

  • The pros. The gas is more economical than other heating systems and there’s no need to store energy.
  • The cons. This is a system designed to operate in cities and be centralized so it isn’t available outside the big cities.
A woman in front of a heater.
Electric heaters are portable and you can move the heat source around to suit your needs.

Electric heating systems

There may not be a gas heating system available, but there’s probably a good electrical connection you can use. These are devices you can plug into most places and are either portable or central.

  • The pros. The main advantage of these heating systems is they don’t always require installation and maintain the air clean as they don’t release fumes or funny odors.
  • The cons. They’re less effective for heating large environments and more expensive because they consume a large amount of electricity.

Biomass heating system

According to an article published by the Complutense University of Madrid, biomass is the waste produced by renewable natural resources. One of these is wood pellets: small cylinders made by compressing the remains of sawdust and other wood.

This subtype of biomass is often a fuel from pellet stoves that creates a biomass heating system.

  • The pros. It doesn’t pollute the environment and it’s also safe and reliable.
  • The cons. It requires a hole in the wall facing the exterior of the house so the smoke can come out. In addition, you must clean them every week.

You may also be interested in these Tips for a Sustainable and Eco-Friendly Home

Renewable energy heating systems

In addition to biomass heating, there are other ecological systems for heating the environment. Heating systems with renewable energies get the energy through processes that involve the use of raw materials such as water, wind, earth, and sun.

Let’s take a look at their benefits and disadvantages:

  • The pros. The types of energy this system requires are free and unlimited, and they don’t pollute.
  • The cons. The sources of energy aren’t available everywhere and, ultimately, the type of renewable energy feasible for these features will depend on the available source in each region. Another disadvantage is that some of these systems are intermittent — solar power. Thus, you need a back-up system so as to not suddenly run out.
A pellet stove.
Pellets are a biomass variant that’s becoming widespread due to their low cost and better heating performance.

Read about Seven Ways You Can Spend Less on Electricity

SARA, a high-quality heating system for all budgets

To conclude, we must mention SARA, a heating system developed by Argentine scientists that has twice the thermal performance and is remarkably economical.

In addition, the SARA system or Argentine high-performance social stove (estufa social Argentina de alto rendimiento) involves the construction of the stove for those with no technical knowledge just by following some basic instructions. The materials it requires are quite accessible: cob (adobe) for example, which is an insulator and thus conserves thermal energy.

SARA stoves can reach the most vulnerable households and the mechanism is much safer than that of conventional gas stoves. An option to consider when thinking about a heating system for the home.

We hope you’ve enjoyed this article.

All cited sources were thoroughly reviewed by our team to ensure their quality, reliability, currency, and validity. The bibliography of this article was considered reliable and of academic or scientific accuracy.

  • Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Cuadernos Económicos de ICE. Cerdá, Emilio. Energía obtenida a partir de biomasa. España 2012.
  • Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). CENPAT-CONICET. Cannizzaro, Alejandro. Calefacción accesible y de primer nivel. Argentina 2015.

This text is provided for informational purposes only and does not replace consultation with a professional. If in doubt, consult your specialist.