Getting bitten by mosquitoes during the night is quite annoying. Their bites cause itching, swelling and, sometimes even allergic reactions.
The female is responsible for the attacks. She uses her sharp, needle-like mouth (proboscis) to extract the blood of her victims in favor of her egg production. In this article, you’ll learn how to avoid mosquito bites during the night.
Although the bite doesn’t usually cause pain, the saliva released by the bug causes a red bump on the skin. Afterwards, symptoms such as itching, blisters or rashes appear. However, the greatest risk is the spread of diseases such as dengue fever and malaria, among others.
Why do mosquitoes bite?
There are many mosquitoes all around the world. It is said that there are around 3,500 species, and that each female lays about 3,000 eggs a year.
So, the possibility of avoiding mosquito bites is almost impossible. However, there are people who (by genetics) are more likely to get bitten. Also, there are other aspects that influence your chances of getting bitten.
Your blood type is one of them.
Studies suggest that people with O- blood attract more mosquitoes than type A. It’s also related to the segregation of substances such as cholesterol, sweat, ammonia and lactic acid. Bites are also more common in places where there is a high quantity of cutaneous bacteria and high body temperatures.
Other factors that attract mosquitoes
Insects lurk at any time of the day, but nocturnal bites from mosquitoes are very common. They don’t do it on a whim, nor by chance; Apparently, they have a biological clock like humans. That’s what guides them to go out at night to look for their sustenance.
Generally, mosquitoes are attracted to people who emit greater amounts of carbon dioxide, such as the elderly and pregnant women. They’re also attracted to those who do not bathe, move too much, use sweet perfumes or suffer from excessive sweating on their feet.
Mosquitoes do not have good eyesight, but they do have a good sense of smell. The smell leads it to its victim. And it is the individual that gets bitten who determines the intensity of the response to the bite.
How can you prevent mosquito bites at night?
The first way to avoid mosquito bites at night is the use of repellents.
Despite being effective, they must be applied with caution. You have to avoid spraying the area of your mouth and eyes, as well as wounds or areas damaged by the sun. These products do not kill them, but they do keep them away.
The effects usually last up to 8 hours, and come in many varieties: spray, towels, creams, ointments, and so on. Whichever is chosen, it must have a low toxicity level, reduced interactions and be effective against several species.
Installing mosquito nets is another solution. Ideally, they should measure 1.2 mm by 1.2 mm and be placed on doors, windows and around the bed. There are light insecticides that can be sprayed on them for increased safety.
Other ways to repel mosquitoes
You can never do too many things to control the outbreak of mosquitoes at home. As well as biting, these insects can interrupt sleep with their loud buzzing sound. If you follow these tips, you can fight against them effortlessly.
- Wear anti-mosquito bracelets. Their composition of citronella and other repellents provides security.
- Wear suitable clothing. Long, light-colored garments serve as protection.
- Resort to natural medicine. Near access points and windows you can have plants or substances that scare away mosquitoes. Vinegar, basil, eucalyptus and thyme are suitable for this. Vaporizer plugs are practical and easy to use.
- Be hygienic. Although it sounds obvious, it’s necessary to disinfect sheets with hot water and a vacuum to prevent insects. It’s also necessary to clean bed drawers, the headboard and fumigate.
After getting bitten, it is recommended to wash the area, avoid scratching and place cold compresses. If it stings too much, you can take an antihistamine recommended by the doctor. If it gets infected, the best thing to do is visit your nearest health center.