What You Should Know About The Menstrual Cup

Unlike tampons, which are also used internally, the menstrual cup doesn't absorb blood. Rather, it contains it. In this article, we'll tell you what you should know about the menstrual cup.
What You Should Know About The Menstrual Cup

Last update: 13 April, 2021

The menstrual cup is a natural alternative to tampons and pads that can be worn for up to 12 hours without you having to worry. More and more women are opting for this method, as they’re looking for greater comfort during menstruation.

With that in mind, we’ll tell you what you need to know about the menstrual cup.

What’s a menstrual cup?

A menstrual cup is a medical silicone container that’s inserted inside the vagina, adapting to the vaginal walls. It’s inserted like a tampon during menstruation.

However, unlike tampons, which are also used internally, the cup doesn’t absorb the blood. Rather, it contains it inside the cup.

It collects all the flow inside the cup, and you can wear it for up to 12 hours without having to worry about emptying it. If you use it, you’ll get rid of odors, leaks, and worries. Some of the cups on the market include an applicator to make use even easier.

A woman's hand holding a pink menstrual cup.
The menstrual cup’s attracting the attention of thousands of women around the world. It’s comfortable, safe, and environmentally friendly.

Are there different sizes of menstrual cups?

Most of the cup brands on the market have two sizes or more sizes.

Small menstrual cup

This is suitable for women under the age of 25 who haven’t given birth vaginally. This size is also appropriate if you practice low-impact sports such as yoga or pilates.

Large menstrual cup

This cup size is suitable for women over the age of 25 or who’ve had children through vaginal birth regardless of age. It’s also suitable if you have a heavy menstrual flow or if you have a large body build.

If you’re one of those women who regularly practice athletics, volleyball, or those where you have to jump repeatedly such as tennis or aerobics, the large size will be appropriate for you. That’s because these are sports activities that tend to weaken the pelvic floor.

How do you keep your menstrual cup in good condition?

The menstrual cup needs specific care so that it lasts longer in good condition and is a safe element to introduce into your body.

1. How to store it

Many menstrual cups include a cotton pouch for storage. Cotton is a material that can be in contact with the menstrual cup, as it allows it to breathe properly.

However, you should store it in a cool, dry place at a medium temperature. That way, its materials will remain in perfect condition. When your period’s over, you can sterilize it and keep it in the cotton bag (or container) included, until the next month.

A woman looking at her menstrual cup.
Keeping your menstrual cup in good condition can increase its lifespan. In many cases, they last up to 10 years.

2. When using it

When you’re going to use it for the first time, you may not find it easy to put it on and take it off correctly. It’s just a matter of time and practice.

You should be relaxed, fold the cup with your fingers, and then insert it. This way, the cup will be open back up inside your body and collect the menstrual flow.

Once you have it in, to remove it, just grab it with your fingers and pull it out. By doing this, the cup opens. If you have vaginal dryness, inserting or removing the cup may be uncomfortable. However, this can be alleviated by using a vaginal lubricant as often as you need.

3. How to clean it

To remove it, pull the end of the cup until it sticks out far enough for you to grasp it without spilling the contents. You can then empty the contents into the toilet and clean it with water or a washcloth and put it back in your vagina.

What are the benefits of using it?

Using the cup provides benefits such as non-interference with vaginal pH. Also, it is comfortable since you can wear it for up to 12 hours. It may seem expensive. However, you recover the investment in a few months when compared to the investment required for pads or tampons, and it can last up to 10 years.

It doesn’t have a risk for infections, since medical grade silicone is inert. Thus, germs don’t accumulate in it. Another benefit is that it respects the environment, it’s ecological, and its use generates less waste than many other alternatives.


The menstrual cup is comfortable, safe, environmentally friendly, modern, and reusable for up to 10 years if you take good care of it. It’s a good alternative to traditional options.

It might interest you...
What Should You Avoid During Your Period?
Step To Health
Read it in Step To Health
What Should You Avoid During Your Period?

Due to this, many people feel like they're not able to carry out their daily tasks normally. Do you know what you should avoid during your period?

  • Felitti, K. (2017). Cíclica y la copa menstrual argentina. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas Del Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas.
  • Barranco Castillo, E., Ocón Hernández, O., Irribarne, L., & Jiménez Díaz, I. (2016). La copa menstrual y su papel en la detección de tóxicos en la regla. MYS.
  • Mihm, M., Gangooly, S., & Muttukrishna, S. (2011). The normal menstrual cycle in women. Animal Reproduction Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2010.08.030