What You Should Know About Mood Disorders

11 June, 2020
There are basically two mood disorders: anxiety and depression. They're quite common in this era. The good news is there are treatments for them.

Mood disorders affect a significant part of the population and experts predict that they’ll increase in the next 20 years.

Our current lifestyle is often uncertain and there’s a lot of social and professional pressure. Because of that, it isn’t easy to maintain a positive state of mind.

Mental conflicts can affect our life habits, health status, and personal well-being. They may even trigger other psychic pathologies and organic alterations.

Anxiety

This is an alert system that produces a mental and physical response in anticipation of danger. The human body reacts through different systems to the stimuli that it perceives as threats.

However, these reactions become pathological when they’re too intense or when they last a long time.

Depressions as mood disorders

Firstly, depression is a condition that depends on many factors, and it turns into a mood disorder over time. The person afflicted by it can’t feel positive emotions nor enjoy them.

Lack of energy, vitality, and loss of interest are among the most common symptoms of depression. These people don’t think they have what it takes to deal with the various parts of their daily routine. Also, the condition may fall under a mild, moderate, or severe depression category depending on the intensity of the symptoms.

  • Mild depression. A person affected by this kind of depression can carry out normal activities but they feel down most of the day. Generally, they lose the interest or ability to enjoy activities.
  • Moderate depression. The symptoms are more serious in these cases and it’s harder for these people to do their usual activities. It’s usually accompanied by a loss of confidence and self-esteem, not to mention feelings of inferiority. They have recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, a decreased ability to concentrate, and a lack of decisiveness. There may be sleep disturbances as well.
  • Severe depression. These are the most severe cases and the people who fall into this category require constant monitoring.
A seemingly upset woman.
There are two types of mood disorders: anxiety and depression.

You may also be interested in: Atypical Depression: One of the Most Difficult Disorders to Diagnose

How are these mood disorders treated?

The joint action of different types of therapy allows for the use of combined treatments. Thus, specialists recommend combining pharmacological treatments with psychological therapies.

Pharmacotherapy

Choosing the appropriate drugs for each case assesses the efficacy of the various active ingredients against their possible side effects. In addition, remember how important it is for you to take your medication exactly as prescribed if you have a mood disorder.

The improvement of symptoms with medication may take from 2 to 4 weeks. Unfortunately, many patients who aren’t aware of this often abandon the treatment before it begins to work.

The most common side effects of these types of medications are:

  • Headaches
  • Sickness
  • Insomnia
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation and difficulty urinating
  • Blurry vision
  • Drowsiness

Read also: 10 Foods That Help Improve Your Mood and Fight Depression

Hygienic-dietary recommendations

A set of hygienic-dietary measures can improve the efficacy of any pharmacological treatment and prevent relapses.

Specialists recommend exercising and maintaining an active life overall. And, at the same time, allocating an adequate number of hours for resting. Also, try to stay busy; it’ll help you keep negative thoughts away.

In addition, eating a properly balanced diet high in fruit and vegetable content will alleviate any constipation associated with drug treatments. It’s essential to avoid alcohol consumption as it increases the side effects of medications and decreases their effectiveness.

A person writing on a pad.
Proper treatment of mood disorders must have both drugs and psychological therapy.

Psychological treatment

When it comes to mood disorders, psychotherapy provides resources, knowledge, and also support to those who suffer from them. This is because these therapies encourage them to react to any changes in their mood. Thus, they work on self-esteem and control of emotional disposition.

There are treatments for mood disorders

Finally, moods can be either normal, elevated, or depressed. Thus, a person suffering from a mood disorder often loses the feeling of control over their mood and experiences general discomfort. Therefore, they must combine pharmacological and psychological treatment, and also take hygienic-dietary measures.

  • Posada Villa, J. (2018). Prevalencia de trastornos mentales y uso de servicios. Resultados preliminares del estudio nacional de salud mental, Colombia, 2003. Revista Colombiana de Rehabilitación. https://doi.org/10.30788/revcolreh.v5.n1.2018.277

  • Jordana, G. B. (2010). Trastornos del estado de ánimo. Farmaceutico Hospitales. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-84-458-2042-1.50035-0

  • León-Sanromà, M. (2015). Trastornos del ánimo. AMF.