What is Eczema? Learn about its Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Eczema can get better by changing your diet. However, it's always important to consult with your dermatologist to get a specialized diagnosis and some guidelines to alleviate the condition.
What is Eczema? Learn about its Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Last update: 26 October, 2018

What is eczema?

In this article, we will talk about on of the most common skin conditions: eczema, also called dermatitis.

This skin problem has considerably increased in industrial areas due to environmental factors. Between 10% and 20% of the population in countries with high pollution levels suffer from eczema.

Discover some of the causes and symptoms of this condition, as well as the best way to treat it.

What is Eczema

What Is Eczema?

It’s important to keep in mind that your skin is the largest organ in your body. Since it is the most exposed area of your body, it receives the most contact with external agents.

Likewise, it’s also the organ through which we see symptoms that could alert you to some other sickness.

Eczema is an inflammation of the skin that can appear on any part of your body.

The majority of times, it appears accompanied by an intense itching or burning feeling in the affected area, redness, and blisters. 

This skin condition can appear at any age and without a clear reason.

Similarly, it can disappear over time or show resistance to any treatment. This can make it difficult to determine its cause.

Types of Eczema

Types of Eczema

Eczema presents a very broad clinical pattern. It also appears in very diverse areas of your body. Therefore, the types of eczema can be divided based on:

  • Exogenic factors: Contact eczema and allergy-type eczema;
  • Endogenic factors: Seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and nummular eczema.


There is a large list of factors that cause or worsen eczema. Some of those factors are:

  • Environmental pollution
  • Contact with toxic substances
  • Poor diet
  • Food intolerances
  • Cosmetics, lotions, or shaving creams
  • Car or industrial emissions
  • Environmental waste from power plants
  • Tobacco consumption
  • Genetic factors
  • Shampoos, hair dyes, other hair products, etc.



This skin condition has very obvious symptoms and easy identification, since the symptoms are visible:

  • Reddish plaques, scabs, or blisters
  • Irritated areas in the skin of the patient, on their elbows or the back of their knees.
  • Dandruff
  • Watery sores, which tend to suffer from bacterial infections


To diagnose eczema, you have to keep in mind how the lesions look so you don’t confuse them with a different skin condition.

The only way to diagnose it are through tests that determine if its related to allergies. Keep in mind that, due to modern lifestyles and poor nutritional habits, people’s susceptibility to allergens has increased.  



The treatment consists of eliminating the factors that case eczema which, as you’ve seen, can be wide ranging.

The conventional medications are corticosteroids, antihistamines or antibiotics. However, these aren’t always effective if it was misdiagnosed, or it could reappear over time.

In addition, they give you unwanted side effects that affect your health.

On the other hand, natural medicine added to your diet to determine the best treatment for your eczema.

Specific Diet

The people that suffer from eczema or skin problems in general usually abuse dairy products, sugar, refined flour, fried foods and greasy foods. In fact, the flaking of the skin indicated excessive dryness.

This means that grease builds up under your skin and overpowers your digestive and lymphatic systems.

You should eliminate junk food, processed food and precooked food from your diet (pizza, french fries, hamburgers, ice cream, etc.) and increase your consumption of natural, fresh, and nutritious foods:

  • Cooked and raw fruits and vegetables (salads, smoothies, juices)
  • Whole grains such as rice, millet, quinoa, and buckwheat
  • Legumes
  • Tree nuts and seeds
  • Sprouts
  • Fermented foods like sauerkraut and kefir
  • Mushrooms
  • Seaweed
  • Cold-pressed vegetable oils: flax, primrose, olive and coconut

Purifying Plants

Purifying Plants

To fight the toxin overload in your skin and the rest of your organs, you can take a natural remedy made with detoxifying natural plants. The most beneficial are the following:

  • Nettle
  • Dandelion
  • Burdock

You can consume it in a tea, extract or tablets for at least three months.

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