What Causes Hemorrhoids? How Can You Treat Them?

How much do you know about hemorrhoids? If you're not sure what they are, or how you can detect and treat them, then keep reading.
What Causes Hemorrhoids? How Can You Treat Them?

Last update: 11 April, 2019

In this article you’ll find out what causes hemorrhoids as well as the common symptoms and treatment.

Hemorrhoids are inflammations that happen in the veins in the lower area of the rectum or anus, which dilate in excess and become a series of varicose veins.

These inflammations are very uncomfortable and can even become painful. They can appear internally, externally, or in both parts at the same time.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?

When the hemorrhoids aren’t serious, there aren’t usually any symptoms. However, when they’re serious, the following symptoms can occur:

  • Bleeding when having a bowel movement
  • Prolapsea kind of bulge that occurs when the hemorrhoids come out from inside of the anus. They can be painful and difficult to be put back in.
  • Secretion: Mucus that comes from the anal mucus itself, which is usually caused by internal hemorrhoids.
  • Irritation: This normally happens after secretion. It tends to cause itchiness and a burning feeling.
  • Pain: When the hemorrhoid is internal, pain doesn’t tend to occur. However, when it’s external, the pressure of the anal ring will cause discomfort and pain.

What causes hemorrhoids?

Your diet tends to be the main cause of hemorrhoids. A poor diet can cause constipation, diarrhea, and other digestive problems that affect the area this problem occurs in. As a consequence, you may start to experience discomfort.

Certain foods influence the appearance of hemorrhoids. Knowing what they are is useful so you can start to reduce their consumption and add healthier options to your diet.

Below, we’ll mention certain food that causes hemmorhoids:

Sugary Foods

What Causes Hemorrhoids? How Can You Treat Them?

When you have a high dosage of refined sugar in your diet, you’re more susceptible to experiencing constipation, tense intestinal movements, and inflammation in the rectum and anal veins. 

This type of food tends to be a common cause of hemorrhoids. As long as you continue to include it in large amounts, it will be very difficult to cure this issue.

Excessive consumption of sugar can also influence the development of other health problems like acid reflux, ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulosis, celiac disease, colon cancer, pancreatitis, cirrhosis, hernias, etc.

Salty Foods

Excessive consumption of salt is obviously one of the causes of hypertension. When your blood pressure increases, the veins in your rectum and anus will be more susceptible to getting inflamed and developing hemorrhoids.

Alcoholic Beverages

What Causes Hemorrhoids? How Can You Treat Them?

Drinking alcoholic beverages is a risk for hemorrhoids. This kind of substance dehydrates the body and as a consequence, causes poor digestion and constipation.

Other causes of hemorrhoids

Besides a poor diet, hemorrhoids can also be caused by common factors like pregnancy, sitting on the toilet for a long time, age and genetics.

Other factors include obesity, poor digestion, harsh intestinal movements, force during bowel movements, and some diseases like hepatic cirrhosis.

Hemorrhoid treatments

Poor diet is one of the main factors that causes hemorrhoids.

The first step to treating this problem is having a healthy diet that’s rich in fiber and hydrating foods that promote good digestive functioning. 

You should also drink at least 2 liters of water a day and have healthy habits like exercising.

Cold Therapy

To reduce the inflammation that happens in the rectum and anal area, one of the most effective remedies is to put a bag of ice or very cold water on this area.


What Causes Hemorrhoids? How Can You Treat Them?

Garlic is a strong treatment for hemorrhoids, but it’s very effective. 

It helps reduce inflammation. It’s also great for hemorrhoids that come from the internal part of the anus, because it helps shrink the bulges that become uncomfortable and painful.

Garlic contains two main elements that favor your health: allicin and diallyl sulfide.

Apply a small amount of garlic directly to the affected area and you’ll immediately feel a burning sensation. But it will have an anti-inflammatory effect.

Let sit for 2 minutes and then take a bath to remove the garlic.

A hot bath

Hot water has a relaxing and anti-inflammatory effect. To reduce the discomfort, pain, and swelling of the hemorrhoids, you should put hot water in the bath, sit in it for 15 minutes, and repeat the process every day.



Including linseed in your diet is great for reducing the risk of suffering from hemorrhoids and it’s also great for treating them.

Linseed is rich in fiber and absorbs a lot of water. It helps naturally boost good digestion, eliminate waste properly, prevent constipation, and act as a natural laxative.

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Although applying these remedies externally can help to cure hemorrhoids, it is also advisable to increase how much fiber and water you consume.

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