Urinary Sepsis: Causes and Treatments

13 April, 2020
Urinary sepsis is a serious medical condition caused by an infection in the urinary tract that spreads to the bloodstream.

Urinary sepsis is a serious health disorder. It consists of an inflammation in the body caused by serious infection.

The underlying infection can also have different causes and characteristics, while urinary sepsis indicates that the disorder is in the patient’s urinary tract. It can be classified based on the scope of the infection.

Mild urinary sepsis only affects the urethra and bladder, while high urinary sepsis affects the kidneys.

Actually, it’s quite a frequent problem, especially in patients with underlying health issues. Whatever the case, experts are able to improve the condition with treatment. Because of this, mortality rates caused by urinary sepsis have dropped in recent years, according to recent studies.

What are the possible causes of urinary sepsis?

A woman with urinary sepsis.
Depending where the infection is located, we can talk about sepsis in the upper or lower urinary systems.

Generally, sepsis-related infections are caused by different kinds of bacteria. However, it can also be caused by other micro-organisms such as viruses, parasites, and even fungi. The patient can contract these from external sources or from another area of their own body.

If this is the case, once the infection reaches the urinary tract tissue, then it can spread to the bloodstream. Sepsis develops depending on micro-organisms and the patient’s welfare. Thus, patients with weak immune systems are more at risk.

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Treating urinary sepsis

A person with tablets.
Identifying sepsis is necessary to start treatment early.

Before identifying the correct treatment, sepsis needs to be properly identified. Checking for symptoms of an infection will determine the diagnosis.

There are numerous organisms that can cause this type of infection. Therefore, symptoms can include a high temperature, tachycardia or increased heart rate, confusion, and unconsciousness. In addition to this, blood cell levels may change as well as increased blood sugar or skin conditions.

Because of this, the heart cannot pump enough blood to the organs. When this affects the kidney, they aren’t able to function properly, affecting urine production. So, when a patient contracts urinary sepsis, they aren’t able to expel as much urine as usual.

Discover: When urinary tract infections occur

Medication used

Whatever the case, your medical team will be able to identify and propose guidelines for the correct treatment. It’s a serious health problem. The sooner the treatment starts, the more likely it will improve. The following are standard procedures:

  • Using vasoconstrictive drugs. This should increase blood pressure. These are usually given through a vein at the same time as a saline drip.
  • Using antibiotics. This should get rid of any remaining infection. The doctor will give the patient a course of general antibiotics if they can’t identify the infected area.

Therefore, if urinary sepsis is suspected, a group of compounds can be used against any possible micro-organisms. Whatever the case, the medical team will treat any changes that can come from this infection. For example, anything related to the urinary tract (upper or lower).

  • Applying corticosteroids or anti-inflammatories to reduce general inflammation. Experts are currently carrying out studies to prove its efficiency. They do seem to initially improve the prognosis of the patient.

Above all, the best way to avoid sepsis is to maintain good hygiene standards. Pay special attention to hand washing and cleaning instruments.

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