Thyroid Diseases: Check Out All About Them

Thyroid diseases affect a large part of the population, occurring more so in women, due to their constant hormone changes.
Thyroid Diseases: Check Out All About Them

Last update: 22 May, 2020

Thyroid diseases affect a large part of the population, occurring more so in women, due to their constant hormone changes.  There are lots of different types of illnesses associated with thyroids, and even though all of them have effective treatments, patients will sometimes have to live with them chronically.

This affects a lot of areas in the person’s day to day life related to how their physical aspect changes, and even their moods.

We would like to tell you now that any disease requires a lot of willpower and energy.  Medicine provides us with a series of essential medications that can, for the most part, solve our states and conditions.  But we also need that indispensable grain of personal strength and energy to lay down the bases of cure and improvement of any disease.

What do the thyroids do?

The basic thyroid function is to secrete a certain type of hormones: thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which regulate our metabolism, as well as functions associated with reproductions and our growth as children.

It is frequently said that rest or sleep for children is very advisable in order for these hormones to be secreted normally.  For example, their rest is basic because it is during those moments that the growth hormone is released.

Therefore, the thyroids are a basic bridge for certain physiological body functions. Also, it is a small gland weighing 25 grams, and that is shaped like a butterfly.  The thyroid is at the base of the throat, and is the largest endocrine gland we have.  It is formed by lots of follicles.

Whenever we suffer from certain thyroid diseases, these alterations could affect a lot of parts and functions in our body.  It is 8 times more common in women than in men, especially during pregnancy or afterward.  But even then, treatment is safe and simple for the majority of thyroid disease cases.

Principal thyroid diseases

The thyroid gland is in turn controlled by a gland situated in the brain, called the pituitary gland.  This gland produces the hormone that stimulates the thyroid, and it is this gland that causes an excess or deficiency in the thyroid.


Thyroid diseases

When there is not enough thyroid hormone in the blood, the body’s metabolism becomes slow, therefore causing the appearance of hyperthyroidism.


The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is a disorder called thyroiditis, in which the thyroid gland is inflamed; it is also known as Hashimoto disease, can causes our immune system – our defenses – to confuse the thyroids as something harmful to the body, and then sending white blood cells to destroy it.

The body defends itself by trying to produce more thyroid hormones, but this intent causes the thyroid glad to grow bigger.  That’s when the lump appears, which is a characteristic swelling in the neck.


  • Tiredness
  • Weight gain
  • Changes in menstruation
  • A sense of being cold when others are not
  • Constipation
  • Muscular pain
  • Brittle hair and hair loss…


There are very effective medications to treat hyperthyroidism.  You could also increase your iodine consumption, helping yourself with a proper diet.


Thyroid diseases


Hyperthyroidism is a thyroid disease in which there is too much hormone, the metabolism accelerates, and the body becomes imbalanced.  The most normal cause is due to Grave’s disease, and occurs between the ages of 20 and 40.

It can also be due to certain medications, and can even have lumps or masses in the thyroids known as “hot nodules”, and excessively affect the thyroid hormone.


  • Tiredness.
  • Weight loss
  • Nervousness
  • Sweating, sensation of being hot when others are not
  • Menstrual changes
  • Frequent bowel movements


You can sometimes suffer from a thyroid crisis, which are episodes of infection that cause fever and that are much more dangerous.  We must be attentive to all the symptoms.  Your doctor will give you the most proper treatment according to your symptoms.  We, however, recommend a proper diet.  Just follow this link with the word: hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid diseases


This other thyroid disease appears in masses or lumps around the thyroid gland.  It is detected through medical exams, which will tell if they are benign or cancerous.

Thyroid diseases during pregnancy

Suffering from thyroid disease symptoms is quite common during pregnancy.  You must not be careless with this because it could affect your baby’s health, but treatment is always effective, and most importantly, are the continuous check-ups, so as to rule out any problem.  It is also important not to self-medicate during pregnancy, as a lot of medications could cause serious illnesses for the fetus, and for yourself.

Thyroid diseases exams

Your doctor will be able to diagnose this disease according to your symptoms and a few routine exams.

  • Thyroid touch exam (during which time you will be asked to swallow)
  • Skin and eye examination
  • Weight and temperature
  • Blood analysis
  • Thyroid ultrasound

Let us conclude by saying that thyroid diseases always have proper and precise treatment.  The majority of cases have a solution, or it could be a chronic condition that you’ll have to live with, but it will still maintain an acceptable and normal quality of life.

You can invest yourself a lot in your dietary care, leading a health life, and resting sufficiently.  Sleep is also very necessary for proper thyroid hormone functioning.

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