Melasma spots are one of the many effects of the sun’s rays on the skin, and they’re a real aesthetic problem for people who suffer from it.
We’ll take a closer look at what they are and how to reduce them in this article.
What is Melasma?
Melasma is recognized as a skin condition on your fave, and is characterized by the appearance of brown spots. In addition to exposure to the sun, hormonal disorders are a relevant cause, especially those experienced during pregnancy.
It should be noted that this condition occurs more often in women, and patches or spots are usually more visible in those with light skin tones. The only symptoms of Melasma are the previously mentioned spots or patches on the face.
Nowadays the treatments to fight the condition usually consist of the application of creams, laser therapy or exfoliants, among others.
3 treatments for reducing Melasma spots
1. Treatment with prescribed medications
Medications are usually the first option to treat Melasma. They often consist of the application of a facial cream prescribed by your dermatologist, which seeks to reduce the appearance of the spots.
This type of medication usually contains a chemical component called ” hydroquinone, ” which we can also get in gel or lotions.
Hydroquinone is able to counteract the appearance of spots thanks to the fact that it blocks the chemical process of melanin (the substance that gives our skin its darker pigment).
Shankar, K., Godse, K., Aurangabadkar, S., Lahiri, K., Mysore, V., Ganjoo, A., Vedamurty, M., Kohli, M., Sharad, J., Kadhe, G., Ahirrao, P., Narayanan, V., … Motlekar, S. A. (2014). Evidence-based treatment for melasma: expert opinion and a review. Dermatology and therapy, 4(2), 165-86. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4257945/
Sarma, N., Chakraborty, S., Poojary, S. A., Rathi, S., Kumaran, S., Nirmal, B., Felicita, J., Sarkar, R., Jaiswal, P., D’Souza, P., Donthula, N., Sethi, S., Ailawadi, P., … Joseph, B. (2017). Evidence-based Review, Grade of Recommendation, and Suggested Treatment Recommendations for Melasma. Indian dermatology online journal, 8(6), 406-442. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5707834/
Gupta, A. K., Gover, M. D., Nouri, K., & Taylor, S. (2006, December). The treatment of melasma: A review of clinical trials. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2006.02.009
Rajaratnam, R., Halpern, J., Salim, A., & Emmett, C. (2010). Interventions for melasma. In R. Rajaratnam (Ed.), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003583.pub2
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