Three Treatments for Reducing Melasma Spots

· August 12, 2018
Although Melasma may require professional treatments to completely eliminate it, we can reduce the look of its spots thanks to the properties of some natural ingredients.

Melasma spots are one of the many effects of the sun’s rays on the skin, and they’re a real aesthetic problem for people who suffer from it.

We’ll take a closer look at what they are and how to reduce them in this article.

What is Melasma?

Melasma is recognized as a skin condition on your fave, and is characterized by the appearance of brown spots. In addition to exposure to the sun, hormonal disorders are a relevant cause, especially those experienced during pregnancy.

It should be noted that this condition occurs more often in women, and patches or spots are usually more visible in those with light skin tones. The only symptoms of Melasma are the previously mentioned spots or patches on the face.

Nowadays the treatments to fight the condition usually consist of the application of creams, laser therapy or exfoliants, among others.

3 treatments for reducing Melasma spots

1. Treatment with prescribed medications

Medications are usually the first option to treat Melasma. They often consist of the application of a facial cream prescribed by your dermatologist, which seeks to reduce the appearance of the spots.

This type of medication usually contains a chemical component called ” hydroquinone, ” which we can also get in gel or lotions.

Hydroquinone is able to counteract the appearance of spots thanks to the fact that it blocks the chemical process of melanin (the substance that gives our skin its darker pigment).

Melasma spots
Other compounds used and whose application also helps to lighten spots or patches on the skin are:

2. Professional procedures

The professional procedures are the most effective, but at the same time the most abrasive and invasive for the skin. They are usually a last resort since they tend to be expensive.

The most used are chemical exfoliation, micro and dermabrasion and laser treatments.

  • Chemical exfoliation or peelingsThis treatment works to renew the outermost layers of the skin that are affected by Melasma.

This type of exfoliation consists of the external application of a chemical substance (for example, glycolic acid), which will cause a slight burn which, when released, will allow the new, unmarked skin to come through.

  • Microdermabrasion and dermabrasion. Both are professional procedures that use technological equipment to remove the superficial layers of the dermis, leaving you with spot free skin.

As for microdermabrasion, this is an exfoliation procedure that uses diamond crystals in order to eliminate dead skin cells.

Both treatments take several sessions (normally 5 sessions) and in intervals of 2 or 4 weeks, as indicated by the doctor.

  • Laser treatments. These treatments also work to remove the damaged layers of the skin. They tend to be the most effective and, in turn, the most expensive.

In general, the treatment takes 4 or 6 sessions, resulting in a significant reduction in the spots on the face, and even eliminating them completely.

3. Homemade and natural treatments

There are also highly recommended home treatments which, using natural ingredients, work to lighten the skin darkened by Melasma. Here are some of them:

Homemade and natural treatments

Cream of egg white and black balm

Ingredients

  • 1 egg white
  • 4 drops of black balm

Preparation

  •  Combine both ingredients well and apply the mixture on the affected area in the morning and at night.

Honey and lemon mask

Ingredients

  • 3 tablespoons of milk (45 ml)
  • 4 tablespoons of honey (100 g)
  • 2 tablespoons of lemon juice (30 ml)

Preparation

  • Mix all the ingredients and apply the mixture to your face.
  • Leave on for 20 minutes before removing with warm water.
  • Repeat the procedure about 2 or 3 times a week.

Remember that the previously described treatments work precisely to reduce the Melasma spots, but do not make the condition disappear.

Also, in order for these treatments to be effective, we recommended that you combine them with treatments that help with your hormonal balance to prevent the condition from continuing to appear.