The Medical Application of Cavitation

Cavitation is a non-aggressive liposculpture technique that doesn't involve surgery, anesthesia, or hospitalization. It's ideal for those seeking to shape their figure. Do you want to know what it is? Read on!
The Medical Application of Cavitation

Last update: 14 October, 2021

Cavitation is a cosmetic treatment that continues to attract attention, especially among women. Specifically, it’s an alternative to liposuction. However, it isn’t a procedure to lose weight – only to shape the figure. So what does it consist of?

These non-invasive sessions use tools to reduce localized fat and cellulite. It’s more affordable compared to surgical liposuction. In addition, the person who undergoes it can resume their activities as usual.

Continue reading to find out more about it.

The mechanism of action of cavitation

Cavitation is a mechanical phenomenon generated by high intensity and low-frequency energy. These waves pass through biological tissues and generate cavities, microbubbles, which grow until they implode.

This, in addition to bursting the cells, also ruptures the large molecules that make it up — the fats contained in the adipocytes in the form of triglycerides. These fraction into fatty acids and glycerol by the action of lipase enzymes.

A study published in the Aesthetic Surgery Journal concludes that the products resulting from the destruction of these adipocytes are absorbed and eliminated by physiological means. Thus, there’s no risk of embolism.

A person undergoing therapy.
Cavitation is a popular non-invasive alternative to surgical liposuction to shape a person’s figure.

The uses of cavitation

Nowadays, the use of this technique isn’t only for aesthetic purposes but also medical ones. The time allotted to each working area is 10 to 15 minutes. Furthermore, they only work on one area per session (buttocks, abdomen, inner or outer leg) and the treatment is good for:

  • Reducing localized fat
  • Reducing cellulite
  • Reabsorbing edemas (those with high protein content)
  • Hematomas
  • Reducing fibrosis in hypertrophic scars and fibrotic areas

What are the benefits of cavitation?

Cavitation is mainly for aesthetic improvement but has other health benefits as well. For one, it’s a non-invasive, painless procedure with great results when added to a well-balanced diet and regular physical activity.

  • It’s a treatment for both men and women.
  • It can treat all skin types.
  • Also, it’s one of the most attractive options for those who wish to shape their figure as it’s better than surgical liposuction (this is more complicated and expensive, poses more risks, and requires post-surgical care).
  • The skin becomes more elastic so it’s a good alternative for cases of abdominoplasty.
  • It enhances the results of liposuction by helping tighten the skin naturally.

The procedure

Cavitation is done on body areas of five by five inches and is not recommended to treat more than two areas of this size in one session. It doesn’t produce inflammation or local edema. Also, one can usually measure the volume reduction right after every session, although it could take up to 48 or 72 hours.

Clinical studies published in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine revealed that the abdominal perimeter reduced from half to one inch in only one session, and from one to one and a half inches after three sessions.

It’s normal for the skin in the treated area to appear erythematous and have small vesicles at times. However, it resolves spontaneously within minutes. The patient leaves the office with a girdle or compressive garment to promote the modeling of the area at the end of the procedure.

The number of sessions

Cavitation requires a minimum of 8 sessions. The patient must follow all medical indications as the treatment progresses. Furthermore, sessions take place every 15 days.

Contraindications of cavitation

Pretty much anyone can undergo this kind of treatment, unlike contraindicated due to certain medical interventions or specific health problems.

The treatment isn’t appropriate for:

  • People with dyslipidemias
  • Those with pacemakers or underlying metallic prostheses
  • Skin allergies, infections, or active wounds
  • Pregnant women
  • An infra-umbilical panniculectomy in women with an IUD
  • It isn’t recommended in those areas where there’s bone, near the anterosuperior iliac spine as it could cause wave reflection or future skin damage (according to a study published in Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery)
A woman at the spa.
Cavitation is a safe procedure for most people. However, it isn’t appropriate in some cases, so always consult your physician.

Post-session recommendations

People must do at least 30 minutes of physical activity (walking, treadmill, bicycle, vibrating platform, etc.) to increase the effectiveness of the treatment after a lipolytic procedure.

This contributes to accelerating the metabolism of the released triglycerides and prevents their reuptake by healthy adipocytes to incorporate them back into the adipose tissue.

Also, they must stick to a low-fat diet during the days following the treatment and drink plenty of liquids. This is to prevent unwanted fat accumulation after the procedure.

The importance of qualified personnel

The results of cavitation are intense, so this treatment must be done by a trained person who specializes in the procedure only. Similarly, a doctor must establish if a person is healthy enough to undergo this kind of treatment, as the elimination of adipose cells happens through the liver.

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