The Best Acne Treatments to Try
You should start acne treatments as soon as you notice acne on your skin. Therefore, it's important to go to a dermatologist when you notice the first symptoms. Keep reading to learn more!
Luckily, nowadays we have lots of effective acne treatments. In fact, acne represents 25% of dermatologist appointments. This percentage is even higher for pediatricians and primary care physicians.
This is a skin condition that has lots of different causes. Therefore, it’s considered to be a multifactorial disease.
Currently, many different therapies control each of the different factors that cause acne. However, to know the best option for you, it’s important to know how acne forms and what causes it. Also, as the American Academy of Dermatology suggests, you should go to the dermatologist.
In any case, in this article, we’ll give you a quick review of this skin condition. Also, we’ll tell you some possible prescriptions to combat it. Keep them in mind to ask your doctor about them.
What is acne and why does it happen?
Since it’s so common, you’ve probably already heard of acne. In fact, maybe you’ve had it!
Acne is a skin problem that originally takes place in hair follicles. Hair follicles are the part of the skin where your body hair grows. With this disease, fat and dead cells clog these follicles. As a result, blackheads, and pimples form. In fact, these are the main symptoms of this skin disorder.
All of these acne symptoms can appear in different parts of the body. However, the most common areas are the face, back, chest and shoulders.
As we mentioned earlier, there are lots of things that cause acne. Since there are so many factors, we’ll list the four main ones:
- Excess fat production.
- Certain bacterial infections, like Propionibacterium acnes.
- Obstruction of hair follicles from fat and dead skin cell buildup.
- High hormonal activity, especially androgens.
Also, other factors can cause this disease or make it worse. For example, stress can make this condition worse. Plus, studies show that certain medications and diet can also make it worse.
When and how to use acne treatments
You should start using acne treatments as soon as you see symptoms. Therefore, when you notice pimples or scarring, it’s best to go to the dermatologist. They’ll tell you what you can use at home before it gets worse.
Also, keep in mind that each type of acne requires specific treatments. Therefore, it’s essential to have a professional diagnosis. You may even need additional tests to figure out the exact origin.
General acne treatments aim to reduce inflammation and prevent bacterial growth. Therefore, you should apply the treatment to the whole affected area, not just on pimples.
Next, we’ll show you some of the most common acne treatments.
Also read: Why Women Get Acne During Their Periods
The most common acne treatments
Depending on their purposes, there are different types of acne treatments. We can classify them by these categories:
- Reduce the desquamation of ductal epithelial cells.
- Fight bacterial infections.
- Decrease fat production.
Acne treatments aimed at reducing the buildup of skin cells
Among the most common acne treatments for this purpose, here are the top three:
- Tretinoin: This is a retinoid medication that helps unblock the follicle. Also, it has anti-inflammatory and preventative properties to stop pimples from forming.
- Salicylic acid: Generally, this is less effective than tretinoin. However, it also has anti-inflammatory effects.
- Adapalene or tazarotene: These are new treatments that are very similar to tretinoin.
Check this out: What’s Salicylic Acid?
Drugs to fight bacterial infections
Propionibacterium acnes bacteria are sensitive to lots of antibiotics. Some of the most common drugs are:
- Benzoyl peroxide, especially with erythromycin.
- Systemic antibiotics. This includes doxycycline, minocycline or cotrimoxazole.
Overall, there are lots of different acne treatments on the market nowadays. We recommend that you talk to your dermatologist to find out the best way to treat your specific case of acne.