Arthritis, also sometimes referred to as osteoarthritis, is a disease that attacks the joints, causing the cartilage at the end of the bones to wear down. It manifests most commonly in the elderly. Keep reading to learn about the symptoms and methods for prevention of arthritis.
Several factors can influence the onset of the disease, however, apart from a person’s age. Anyone older than 45 years old is at a higher risk of developing arthritis. It’s also influenced by gender, because although arthritis occurs in both men and women, it often appears earlier in women. But the factor that most greatly affects arthritis is being overweight, which can quadruple your risk due to the increased wear you’re placing on your joints.
Arthritis causes swelling, pain, and loss of motion in the joints. This is produced by the constant wear of the cartilage that pads the end of your joint bones. Cartilage protects them from friction, but in extreme cases of arthritis the cartilage disappears and bone rubs against bone, causing severe joint pain. Over a long time, arthritis will eventually cause deformities in the affected regions.
Arthritis can occur in any joint in the body, but the most common ones are in the back – particularly the neck and lower back – along with the knees, fingers, and hands.
SymptomsArthritis is a disease that manifests slowly, and the very first symptom might be some pain in the joints during some physical activity that requires a lot of effort. Arthritis in the hands might appear after age 50, and is thought to be related to genetics so it might be inherited by some family members and not by others.
During the first phase of arthritis you’ll experience pain in the joints following any movement of the affected area, which is relieved after you rest. In the second phase you’ll find that you feel pain during physical activity as well as while resting. The periods of pain will become longer and it will become a more constant nuisance.
Another symptom of arthritis is stiffness in the joints that prevents you from moving the affected area normally, and you’ll experience a greater level of pain over time.
Arthritis is a disease that can be avoided if you start incorporating more healthy dietary habits and stop leading a sedentary lifestyle. It’s also important to prevent or decrease any activities that require excessive physical exertion on your joints, for example, lifting heavy objects.
People who already have arthritis should avoid the movements that cause pain and try to transfer the pressure to joints that aren’t affected. But even where you do have arthritis it’s important to do some gentle and short exercises, without exerting any pressure (which could be detrimental). For these joints you may eventually need to use crutches or a cane to reduce pressure. Finally, we suggest applying heat and cold to the affected areas, which will alleviate the pain and allow for freer movement.Arthritis is a disease that typically presents itself in older people, although there are cases of earlier onset. It prevents free movement and regular activity of the person who has it, because it interferes with everyday activities and motion, generating extreme pain and exhaustion due to the deterioration of the cartilage between the bones. Arthritis may correspond to an inherited disposition, or simply a life filled with poor habits.
Keeping a good diet and getting regular physical activity will ensure that you have a healthy life well into your old age. These two key factors aren’t only essential to preventing arthritis, but many other diseases that affect various parts of the body. It’s important to know about the food we eat, and its nutritional content, does for your body.
It’s also important to consider your body weight with respect to your height, to control your daily intake of food. Eat enough to allow your body to function properly, but don’t overdo it – if you wind up being overweight or obese, you’ll have many more problems later in life.