Symptoms and Treatment of Eyelid Dandruff
Blepharitis, also known as eyelid dandruff, is the inflammation of the eyelids. It’s a common condition that can affect anyone. However, its annoying symptoms include flaking, itching, and dryness.
Today’s article will describe some interesting facts about this disease.
What’s eyelid dandruff?
Blepharitis is the inflammation of the eyelids and mainly affects the edge. This occurs because this is where the eyelash follicles are and there are secretory glands between them.
There are various types of bacteria naturally present in the follicles and in the secretion produced by these glands. It becomes the perfect environment for bacteria to proliferate in excess when there’s a failure in the drainage of the secretion and it accumulates.
It’s precisely this uncontrolled bacterial proliferation that causes inflammation of the eyelid. Normally, blepharitis is a mild and common process, but, as always, it can lead to complications if left unattended.
Who’s affected? What’s the cause?
Blepharitis can affect anyone, regardless of sex or age. Even so, it’s usually due to certain factors or situations. Some of them are:
- Overuse of contact lenses
- Irritants such as smoke, toxins, chemical products, etcetera
- Blond people, with fair or thin skin and light eyes, seem to have a greater tendency to eyelid dandruff
- This phenomenon is more prevalent in individuals with oily hair and skin, and in those with acne or rosacea
- It’s related to atopic dermatitis and seasonal allergies
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Symptoms of eyelid dandruff
This infection produces general symptoms of eye irritation. Some of them are:
- Itchy, dry eyes
- Peeling of the eyelid margin, which produces “dandruff” on the eyelashes
- Watery eyes, with a burning sensation
- A foreign body sensation or grit in the eyes
- Finally, this condition can sometimes lead to loss of eyelashes
Also, an uncontrolled infection will result in styes or chalazia, which are basically cysts with pus in some areas of the eyelids and require treatment.
Diagnosis and treatment
Blepharitis is usually a chronic process, which means there’s no cure for it. Its symptoms are controllable so a patient can lead a normal life. The basic pillars of treatment are:
- Firstly, avoiding exposure to situations or substances that may have triggered the infection
- Secondly, proper eyelid hygiene
The cleaning of the eyelids, a fundamental point, should consist of daily washes with neutral soap and cotton swabs. This is because these will help remove the small crusts or scales and eliminate the accumulation of secretion from the glands of the eyelid.
This measure is the most effective, both in the treatment of an outbreak and in the prevention of the appearance of new blepharitis crises. Also, the specialist will decide to add some drugs like eye drops or ointments to the treatment in some cases. Mainly because these can help with the most aggressive outbreaks.
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Blepharitis is a common and generally benign condition. Even so, you must consult a doctor due to its annoying symptoms and the possibility of complications. This is because they should be able to give the necessary instructions for the control of the symptoms and, if necessary, incorporate a more specific treatment.