Symptoms and Treatment of Eyelid Dandruff

Eyelash dandruff, or blepharitis, is a rather common and usually benign eye condition. Its clinical manifestations include itching, dryness of the eyelid, and minor flaking. Continue reading to find out more about it.
Symptoms and Treatment of Eyelid Dandruff

Last update: 05 April, 2021

Blepharitis, also known as eyelid dandruff, is the inflammation of the eyelids. It’s a common condition that can affect anyone. However, its annoying symptoms include flaking, itching, and dryness.

Today’s article will describe some interesting facts about this disease.

What’s eyelid dandruff?

Blepharitis is the inflammation of the eyelids and mainly affects the edge. This occurs because this is where the eyelash follicles are and there are secretory glands between them.

There are various types of bacteria naturally present in the follicles and in the secretion produced by these glands. It becomes the perfect environment for bacteria to proliferate in excess when there’s a failure in the drainage of the secretion and it accumulates.

It’s precisely this uncontrolled bacterial proliferation that causes inflammation of the eyelid. Normally, blepharitis is a mild and common process, but, as always, it can lead to complications if left unattended.

An eye with a swollen eyelid.

Who’s affected? What’s the cause?

Blepharitis can affect anyone, regardless of sex or age. Even so, it’s usually due to certain factors or situations. Some of them are:

  • Overuse of contact lenses
  • Irritants such as smoke, toxins, chemical products, etcetera
  • Blond people, with fair or thin skin and light eyes, seem to have a greater tendency to eyelid dandruff
  • This phenomenon is more prevalent in individuals with oily hair and skin, and in those with acne or rosacea
  • It’s related to atopic dermatitis and seasonal allergies

Are you wondering why Colored Marks on Eyelids Appear?

Symptoms of eyelid dandruff

This infection produces general symptoms of eye irritation. Some of them are:

  • Itchy, dry eyes
  • Peeling of the eyelid margin, which produces “dandruff” on the eyelashes
  • Watery eyes, with a burning sensation
  • A foreign body sensation or grit in the eyes
  • Finally, this condition can sometimes lead to loss of eyelashes

Also, an uncontrolled infection will result in styes or chalazia, which are basically cysts with pus in some areas of the eyelids and require treatment.

A woman in pain.

Diagnosis and treatment

Blepharitis is usually a chronic process, which means there’s no cure for it. Its symptoms are controllable so a patient can lead a normal life. The basic pillars of treatment are:

  • Firstly, avoiding exposure to situations or substances that may have triggered the infection
  • Secondly, proper eyelid hygiene

The cleaning of the eyelids, a fundamental point, should consist of daily washes with neutral soap and cotton swabs. This is because these will help remove the small crusts or scales and eliminate the accumulation of secretion from the glands of the eyelid.

This measure is the most effective, both in the treatment of an outbreak and in the prevention of the appearance of new blepharitis crises. Also, the specialist will decide to add some drugs like eye drops or ointments to the treatment in some cases. Mainly because these can help with the most aggressive outbreaks.

In conclusion

Blepharitis is a common and generally benign condition. Even so, you must consult a doctor due to its annoying symptoms and the possibility of complications. This is because they should be able to give the necessary instructions for the control of the symptoms and, if necessary, incorporate a more specific treatment.

It might interest you...
What Is Lazy Eye? All You Need to Know
Step To Health
Read it in Step To Health
What Is Lazy Eye? All You Need to Know

Untreated lazy eye can lead to functional blindness. This disorder usually appears in childhood, and can be treated if detected early.

  • Corredor Osorio, R., Nava Castañeda, A., Tovilla Canales, J. L., Tovilla y Pomar, J. L., & Muñoz Salas, S. (2000). Blefaritis por Demodex folliculorum. Rev. Fac. Med. UNAM43(4), 125–9.
  • Yey Fano Machín. (2016). Complicaciones de la Blefaritis. Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas15(1), 0–0. Retrieved from
  • Rodríguez Álvarez, M. F., Tavera, M., & Acosta, L. (2015). Bacterias oportunistas involucradas en infecciones oculares. Ciencia y Tecnología Para La Salud Visual y Ocular13(2), 73–84.
  • Fernández Araque, A. M., Gómez Castro, J., & Roch, M. (2007). Cuidados de higiene palpebral en pacientes con blefaritis. Metas Enferm10(7), 9–12.