Scoliosis Causes Back Pain

Scoliosis is associated with alterations in appearance and self-esteem. But did you know that scoliosis causes back pain as well? Find out more.
Scoliosis Causes Back Pain

Last update: 18 August, 2021

Scoliosis is the medical term used to refer to a lateral deviation of the spine that often causes back pain. It most often occurs during childhood, as the child is developing – from 5 and 8 years of age.

However, most cases of scoliosis are detected during adolescence. According to estimates, this condition affects around 3% of the entire population, although many of these people are unaware of it.

This is because a large number of cases are mild deviations that don’t produce any symptoms or complications. However, we should also note that one in every 500 children needs treatment to correct scoliosis.

Moreover, although many cases go undetected, they cause problems later on. Therefore, we’ll now discuss the pain that occurs as a result of scoliosis, especially in adulthood.

What is scoliosis?

As we’ve already mentioned, scoliosis is a lateral deviation of the spine. That is, instead of forming a straight line, the spine deviates at one of its points to the right or left side.

The truth is that the cause is unknown. Experts believe that there’s an important hereditary factor, although it may also be due to some type of muscular alteration. It may even be due to injuries to the spine itself that haven’t been properly treated.

Normally, scoliosis is mild and doesn’t produce symptoms. In some cases, it’s possible to observe that there’s one shoulder higher than the other or an asymmetry in the waist. One shoulder blade may even be more prominent than the other.

Complications of scoliosis

The problem is that there are certain degrees of scoliosis that compromise the entire structure of the spine. When the deviation is very large, the ribs may protrude more on one side of the body than the other.

When this occurs, the lungs may be damaged due to the pressure of the ribs themselves. Also, we should keep in mind that if the scoliosis is of a high degree, the appearance of that person may be affected and this also leads to self-esteem problems.

But the most important thing is that people with scoliosis, regardless of the degree, are at greater risk of suffering back pain throughout their lives. Especially in adulthood.

How can back pain be relieved?

The pain caused by scoliosis can usually be relieved by correcting postural habits. For example, it’s very important to sit while keeping the back as straight as possible. To do this, you should choose comfortable chairs with backrests and armrests for work.

Similarly, you should pay attention to the way you walk and correct it. Many people tend to slouch forward. However, you must keep your shoulders straight, walking with your head upright and your abdomen contracted.

Experts recommend doing exercises that strengthen the muscles of the back but without forcing it too much. For example, swimming is very appropriate. Yoga or Pilates can also be useful, as they also help to stretch the muscles.

In addition, we must bear in mind that, if scoliosis causes back pain that’s persistent, it’s best to consult a specialist. Sometimes, anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics are needed to alleviate the situation.

What you must remember is that scoliosis, even if it goes unnoticed, often causes back pain and other chronic complications. For this reason, it’s important to take care of postural habits and go to pertinent check-ups with your doctor or physiotherapist.

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