Restful Sleep - How Much Do We Really Need?
How much truly restful sleep do we really need? Indeed, the saying “I’ll sleep when I’m dead” is popular as many people think doing so is a waste of time. They’re convinced they should use it in something “productive.” What do the experts say though? How long are we supposed to sleep, according to science?
You’ll be surprised to learn the scientific verdict in regard to how much rest humans need in order to remain healthy and productive.
Oftentimes, wrongly, people postpone sleeping hours in order to work, study, or exercise. They’re convinced that they can be more productive if they use their resting time that way. The opposite is true though, sleeping has a huge impact on your health.
Why is it important to sleep well?
There are many health benefits to sleeping enough and your body will thank you for it.
1. Sleeping prevents depression
Depression is associated with stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. Furthermore, few hours of sleep increase the production of these hormones. A relaxed properly rested body facilitates the presence of melanin and serotonin.
The latter substances counteract the negative effects produced by stress and help you feel better and emotionally whole.
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2. It preserves cardiovascular health
This point is related to the previous one since insomnia raises blood levels of stress hormones. In turn, it produces an increase in blood pressure and heart rate.
In this respect, stress is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
3. Sleeping improves memory
The brain continues to work when we sleep as neuronal connections don’t cease. Sleep consists of several phases: wakefulness, Non-REM sleep, and REM sleep.
The neurons work in all of them although it’s in the last one that the short-term memory is restored and fixed to become long-term memory. Some studies revealed that taking a nap right after studying leads to improvements in this regard.
4. Helps weight loss
Leptin is the appetite-suppressing hormone and fat cells called adipocytes don’t release enough of it when you don’t get enough restful sleep.
Likewise, insomnia causes the stomach to release more ghrelin — the appetite hormone. This is why lack of sleep is closely tied to obesity.
5. Restful sleep helps boost the immune system
The immune system is another system that works while we sleep because it regenerates and strengthens itself to fight any germs and toxins lurking around. That is to say, you can better prevent infections if you sleep as you should.
How much restful sleep should humans get according to science?
As you can see, rest impacts almost all the systems that make the body function. This is why your mental, physical and emotional health both depend on the quality of your sleep, as well as your level of productivity.
Surely you’ve heard the theory that states that you should sleep eight hours a day. This comes from 1938, when Nathaniel Kleitman, a researcher, spent a little over a month in a dark cave with one of his students. They realized they slept between eight and eight and a half hours a night when analyzing their sleeping habits.
Several studies support the fact that sleeping a certain amount of hours brings health benefits. For example, it’s been proven that poor sleep patterns negatively alter academic performance in students. The same applies to the workplace.
An extra hour of sleep can be a determining factor in the quality of life. The fact that you perform as expected during the day, having slept less than eight hours, doesn’t mean it’s good for your health.
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What happens when you don’t get enough restful sleep?
Negative events happen when you don’t get enough sleep — from health disturbances to mental and emotional complications. The consequences are more serious than you might imagine.
Here are some of the things that happen when you don’t get the recommended amount of sleep per day:
- There’s an increased risk of type 2 diabetes as lack of sleep causes impairs the release of insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar
- Anxiety disorders happen because insomnia causes stress and, as a consequence, feelings of anxiety and depression
- There’s also a loss of sexual desire because sleep disorders can lead to a reduction of testosterone in men (little and poor quality rest contributes to a decreased libido and low sperm production)
- Cognitive disorders due to lack of concentration and memory problems can lead to all kinds of accidents
- There’s a reduction in muscle growth, especially after the age of 30, when it’s only 20%. This is because too little rest alters cell regeneration
How much restful sleep should you sleep according to science?
Now that you have the information, you know that an extra hour of sleep can be very good for your health, work, and pretty much any activity you engage in.
Adults need eight hours of sleep and babies need 13, while adolescents need nine. Multiply these hours over a lifetime and you’ll soon discover we must spend a large part of our existence sleeping.
The question is whether it’s worth investing all this time in rest in exchange for a healthier life. Poor sleep takes a toll on the body and soon it’ll be too late to reverse the damage.It might interest you...