Raising Awareness About Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of vision loss worldwide and early detection can improve critical cases. Today's article will discuss it more in-depth and also mention some the ways in which people raise awareness about it. 
Raising Awareness About Glaucoma

Last update: 26 April, 2021

Some organizations around the world raise awareness about glaucoma and the goal is to reduce its impact on the population. This is because the disease leads to poor drainage of the aqueous humor, which increases the volume of fluid in the eye and intraocular pressure rises as a result.

The impact of this condition in the world of health is huge as it’s the fourth leading cause of vision loss, and afflicts more than 8 million people worldwide. Fortunately, however, around 90% of the cases triggered by the disorder are reversible when detected early.

World glaucoma week

The reason for this event is to raise awareness of the disease and its detrimental effects. In addition, it encourages the population to check their visual health through periodic tests. All so as to increase the percentage of early detections.

What are the objectives of this event?

The objectives of World Glaucoma Week are just what their slogan says: “to focus on glaucoma” and also to target different sectors. In turn, the essential goals from where the planning starts are:

  • To publicize the risks of glaucoma
  • Raise awareness of the importance of regular testing
  • To provide information on the risk groups that should pay special attention to this disease
  • Finally, to make people aware of the need for timely treatment
A woman undergoing an eye test.
Early detection of glaucoma greatly improves the prognosis and adequate treatment prevents blindness.

Check out these Four Natural Remedies to Compliment Your Glaucoma Treatment

Activities

These continue to increase over the years. Among the initiatives that have the greatest presence and impact on the population are congresses. This is where specialists present advances in the treatment of glaucoma. They also organize campaigns on social networks and in different media so that relevant information reaches all sectors.

No less important, there are free testing days in different countries for the early detection of glaucoma. This strategy draws attention from the action.

At-risk groups

Diagnosis as early as possible will always be an advantage so that glaucoma cases don’t reach critical levels. In addition to this, understanding who’s part of the risk groups allows for a differentiated and effective follow-up.

In that respect, they keep the following scenarios in mind when it comes to risk assessment:

  • Having diabetes
  • Being over 60 years of age
  • Myopia (nearsightedness)
  • Having close relatives with glaucoma
  • Being of African origin (estimates indicate that African-Americans have thinner corneas than the rest and that such thinness is prone to increase intraocular pressure)
  • Farsightedness

The importance of early diagnosis

Since the World Glaucoma Week initiative, specialists recommend that the eye test be done at 2-year intervals. The importance of early diagnosis is that, even if it isn’t possible to restore the lost vision, the treatments can slow down the deterioration.

Most of the glaucoma cases detected in time don’t end up damaging the person’s quality of life. In addition, it gives the physician more time to decide on the best possible approach.

Professionals recommend eye health follow-up to be constant after the age of 40, regardless of whether you’re in the aforementioned risk group or not.

Treatments available

These depend on the patient, and doctors might prescribe drops, laser surgeries, or use filtration techniques. Thus, the available approaches for glaucoma are:

  • Drops like prostaglandins, beta-blockers, alpha-adrenergic agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, rho kinase inhibitors, and both miotic and cholinergic compounds
  • Oral medication as an adjunct for ocular pressure regulation, but only when necessary
  • Surgery includes trabeculectomy (opening a pathway for aqueous humor relief) and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, known as MIGS
  • Laser therapy, a selective laser trabeculoplasty used for open-angle glaucoma

Living with glaucoma

A man with glaucoma.
Quality of life is possible with this condition and early diagnosis is an essential aid. You must take small steps to modify your lifestyle if you’re diagnosed with the disease.

A new stage of adaptation arrives after a glaucoma diagnosis and the treatments defined by the specialist are taken up. World Glaucoma Week makes a good contribution to this issue in this regard.

Consultations can take place weekly or monthly, depending on the control of intraocular pressure. Therefore, communication and trust with the doctor are transcendental factors for living with glaucoma, since it’ll facilitate any timely readjustment.

In addition, you must keep track of all the medications you’re using or have used in the past and the response you’ve had with every one of them. This is regardless of whether the physician has your records. As you can see, patient involvement never hurts.

Here are other general tips:

  • Preserve proper eye hygiene
  • Don’t rub your eyes, even if you feel discomfort with the medication
  • Use sunglasses for activities that allow it
  • Reduce stress episodes and give importance to emotional stability to face situations of imminent blindness
  • Nurture communication with the environment
  • Maintain a normal life with the usual activities (this is based on the non-negotiable premise of taking care of the eyes in the face of circumstances that represent a risk)

World Glaucoma Week raises awareness and urges consultation

This event is a mere reminder of the importance of eyesight, its unavoidable care, and the early detection of problems. Furthermore, a common recommendation is to undergo a test every one to two years to check the condition of the optic nerve.

Finally, the best thing to do if you have glaucoma is to complement your usual activities with healthy habits that protect your vision. For instance, you can do the latter by using hypoallergenic products. “Don’t lose sight of glaucoma!”

It might interest you...
Types of Glaucoma: What You Need To Know
Step To Health
Read it in Step To Health
Types of Glaucoma: What You Need To Know

However, all types of glaucoma are chronic and degenerative. This means that they'll evolve if not treated, and will culminate in optic nerve damag...



  • Grupo de estudio colaborativo de glaucoma de tensión normal. La eficacia de la reducción de la presión intraocular en el tratamiento del glaucoma de tensión normal. 1998. Disponible en: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9394(98)00272-4
  • Quigley H. Glaucoma de ángulo abierto. New England Journal of Medicine. 1993. Disponible en: 10.1056 / NEJM199304153281507
  • Bengtsson B. La prevalencia de glaucoma. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 1981. Disponible en: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.65.1.46
  • Thylefors B y Négrel A. El impacto global del glaucoma. 1994. Disponible en: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2486713/
  • Tielsch J, Sommer A, Katz J, Royall R, Quigley H y Javitt J. Variaciones raciales en la prevalencia del glaucoma primario de ángulo abierto. The Baltimore Eye Survey. JAMA. 1991.