Five Things You Should Know about Prediabetes

Often, prediabetes often has no clear symptoms, as opposed to diabetes. This is why we should undergo regular medical check-ups so as to detect it as early as possible.
Five Things You Should Know about Prediabetes

Last update: 17 May, 2021

Having prediabetes means that the level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose the patient with actual diabetes.

We’re all heard about type 2 diabetes. It’s a condition in which the body loses its ability to control sugar levels, and the symptoms tend to take a long time to show visible noticeable signs of the disease.

Excess blood sugar is quite serious

Has your doctor diagnosed you as a prediabetic? Does this mean there’s a 100% chance you’re going to have it?  The answer is no. There’s a risk, but one thing doesn’t necessarily lead to the other. You should follow medical guidelines and have evaluations periodically.

Nevertheless, the main problem is that, generally, neither prediabetes nor diabetes shows obvious symptoms. So be careful. The effects can become serious without a diagnosis and treatment.

  • Diabetes elevates the risk of experiencing blood clots that can progress and cause heart attacks and strokes
  • High levels of blood sugar can also cause nerve damage, leg pain, and numbness
  • The tiny blood vessels of the retina can also be affected and this can cause blindness
  • Don’t forget your kidneys, high levels of blood sugar can eventually lead to renal failure
  • In turn, high levels of blood sugar can change the function of the white blood cells as the immune system becomes weak and thus susceptible to infections

Who’s at risk of developing prediabetes?

A doctor measuring someone's waist.
Weight control is a tool to prevent low back pain associated with obesity.
  • Overweight people
  • People with a family history of diabetes
  • People over 45 with a poor diet
  • Women who’ve had diabetes during pregnancy
  • People with a sedentary lifestyle

SEMI authorities indicate that “overweight and obesity are the most important and controllable risk factors for preventing type 2 diabetes. Reaching a healthy weight significantly reduces the risk of diabetes.”

The symptoms of prediabetes

As we have said before, one of the problems of diabetes and prediabetes is that symptoms may not be clear for a long time.

The doctors take into account your medical history and, through periodic checkups, can find out if your blood sugar levels are high. Nevertheless, we can look for these types of signs:

  • Feebleness
  • Extreme thirst
  • Constant infections
  • Frequent urination

As we can see, these are vague and general symptoms. They’re not serious and don’t interfere with everyday life. However, this doesn’t mean we shouldn’t pay attention to them. The most important thing is to remember your regular checkups and let your doctor know if you have any of these symptoms.

Types of tests to find out if you have prediabetes

A lab technician arranging samples.

  • Blood sugar tests while fasting, are the most common types of screening ones. Furthermore, these are based on a simple one to measure glucose levels and done 8 hours after fasting. You’re considered prediabetic if your levels are between 100 and 125 milligrams.
  • The other test is based on glucose tolerance. After drinking a sugary drink, another blood test is taken 2 hours afterward to see how our body processes it. A person’s prediabetic if the levels are between 140 and 200 milligrams.

Is it possible to reverse it? How?

 

Change your lifestyle and follow your doctor’s orders and you can prevent or control diabetes. Put the following into practice:

  • Firstly, base your diet on the Mediterranean diet. That means using olive oil, eating vegetables and dried fruit, legumes, fresh fruit, etc.
  • Watch your weight
  • Also, increase your levels of Vitamin D
  • Finally, avoid sedentarism and exercise regularly

In conclusion, removing prediabetes and reducing your risk for eventual diabetes is in your power. Thus, taking care of yourself is your best weapon against it.

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