5 Important Things You Should Know about Prediabetes
Prediabetes is a dangerous condition that might lead to diabetes. Take steps now to protect your health with these tips.
Having prediabetes means that the level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose the patient with actual diabetes.
We’re all heard about type 2 diabetes. It’s a serious illness that many consider a world epidemic.
This is a condition where the body loses its ability to control sugar levels, and the symptoms tend to take a long time to show visible noticeable signs of the disease.
It’s here where doctors take the lead. These are the ones who should be very informed about those behaviors of risk which make us vulnerable to this illness.
If your doctor has diagnosed you as a prediabetic, there’s a considerable risk of contracting type 2 diabetes. The same is true for developing cardiac problems and for having a stroke.
You shouldn’t take this lightly. You’re up against a grave reality that you need to pay attention to and control.
Here, we’ll talk about the major issues associated with prediabetes.
Be careful, excess sugar in the blood is very serious
Let’s say you’ve been diagnosed with prediabetes. Does this mean 100% that you’re going to develop diabetes?
The answer is no. There’s a risk, but one thing doesn’t necessarily lead to the other. You should follow medical guidelines and have evaluations periodically.
Nevertheless, the main problem is that, generally, neither prediabetes nor diabetes show obvious symptoms. So be careful. Without a diagnosis and treatment, the effects can become very serious.
- Diabetes elevates the risk of suffering blood clots that can travel to cause heart attacks and strokes.
- High levels of blood sugar, also cause nerve damage, leg pain, and numbness.
- The tiny blood vessels of the retina can also be affected and this can cause blindness.
- Don’t forget your kidneys. They’re damaged by high levels of blood sugar, and this can eventually cause renal failure.
- At the same time, high levels of blood sugar can change the function of the white blood cells. The immune system becomes weak and we become susceptible to infections.
Who has the highest risk of developing prediabetes?
- People with a family history of diabetes
- Those who are overweight or obese
- People over 45 with a poor diet
- Women who’ve had diabetes during pregnancy
- Those with abdominal fat
- People with a sedentary lifestyle
- Suffering from ovarian cysts is an indicator, and on occasion, a sign of the presence of diabetes.
What are the symptoms of prediabetes?
As we have said before, one of the problems of diabetes and prediabetes is that symptoms may not be clear for a long time.
The doctors take into account your medical history and, through periodic checkups, can find out if your blood sugar levels are high.
Nevertheless, we can look for these types of signs:
- Constant infections
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
As we can see, these are vague and general symptoms. They’re not serious and do tend not to interfere with everyday life. Therefore, we do not pay much attention to them.
The most important thing is to remember your regular checkups and let your doctor know if you have any of these symptoms.
What type of tests should you have to find out if you have prediabetes?
- Blood sugar tests while fasting, are the most common types of screening tests. These are based on a simple blood analysis to measure our glucose levels and is taken after 8 hours of fasting. If your levels are between 100 and 125 milligrams, you’re considered to be prediabetic.
- The other test is based on glucose tolerance. After drinking a sugary drink, another blood test is taken 2 hours afterward to see how our body processes it. If levels are between 140 and 200 milligrams, that’s also prediabetic.
How can you reverse prediabetes?
If you change your lifestyle and follow your doctor’s orders, you can prevent or control diabetes.
You should put the following into practice:
- Base your diet on the Mediterranean diet. That means using olive oil, eating vegetables and dried fruit, legumes, fresh fruit, etc….
- Watch your weight
- Exercise moderately
- Increase your levels of Vitamin D
In conclusion, removing prediabetes and reducing your risk for eventual diabetes are in your power. It’s time to begin to take better care of yourself.