5 Important Things that You Should Know about Prediabetes
Just like diabetes itself, prediabetes does not tend to show clear symptoms. Because of this, you should have regular medical checkups to be able to detect it as soon as possible.
Having prediabetes means that the level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose the patient with actual diabetes.
We have all heard first hand about type 2 diabetes. We are dealing with a serious illness that many consider a world epidemic.
This is a condition when the body loses its ability to control levels of sugar, and the symptoms tend to take a long time to give clues about the disease.
It is here where doctors take the lead. These are the ones who should be very informed about those indications of risk, which predispose us in a particular way to this illness.
Therefore, if our doctor has diagnosed you as a prediabetic, there is a considerable risk of having type 2 diabetes. The same is true for developing cardiac problems and for having a stroke.
This is not to be taken lightly. We are up against a grave reality that we need to become familiar with and control.
Here, we’ll talk about the major issues.
Be careful, excess sugar in the blood is very serious
Let’s say we have been diagnosed with prediabetes. Does this mean 100% that we are going to develop diabetes?
The answer is no. There is a risk, put there is not a direct correlation. It means, more than anything, that it’s necessary to take medicine. You should also follow medical guidelines and have evaluations periodically.
Nevertheless, the main problem is that, generally, neither prediabetes nor diabetes shows evident symptoms. So be careful, without a diagnosis and treatment, the effects can become very serious.
- Diabetes elevates the risk of suffering blood clots that can travel to cause heart attacks and strokes.
- High levels of blood sugar, also cause nerve damage, leg pain, and numbness.
- The tiny blood vessels of the retina can also be affected and this can cause blindness.
- We can’t forget our kidneys. They are damaged by high levels of blood sugar, and this can eventually cause renal failure.
- At the same time, high levels of blood sugar can change the function of the white blood cells. The immune system becomes weak and we are susceptible to infections.
Who has the highest risk of having prediabetes?
- People with a family history of diabetes
- Those who are overweight or obese
- People over 45 with a poor diet
- Women who have had diabetes during pregnancy
- Those with abdominal fat
- People with a sedentary lifestyle
- Suffering from ovarian cysts is an indicator, and on occasion, determines the presence of diabetes.
What are the symptoms of prediabetes?
As we have mentioned previously, one of the problems of diabetes and prediabetes is that symptoms may not be clear for a long time.
The doctors take into account our history and characteristics and, through periodic checkups, can find out if our levels are blood sugar are high.
Nevertheless, we can look for these types of signs:
- Constant infections
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
As we can see, these are vague and general symptoms. They are not serious and do not tend to interfere with everyday life. Therefore, we do not pay much attention to them.
The most important thing is to remember our regular checkups and let your doctor know if you have any of these symptoms.
What type of tests should we have to find out if we have prediabetes?
- Blood sugar tests while fasting, are most common. This is based on a simple analysis of the blood to measure our glucose levels and is taken after 8 hours of fasting. If our levels are between 100 and 125 milligrams, we are considered to be prediabetic.
- The other test is based on glucose tolerance. After drinking a sugary drink, another blood test is taken 2 hours afterward to see how our body processes it. If levels are between 140 and 200 milligrams, that is also prediabetic.
How can we reverse prediabetes?
If we change our lifestyle and follow our doctor’s orders we can prevent or control diabetes.
We should put into practice the following:
- Base your diet on a Mediterranean diet by using olive oil, eating vegetables and dried fruit, legumes, fresh fruit, etc….
- Watch your weight
- Exercise moderately
- Increase your levels of vitamin D
In conclusion, it is in our power to avoid the presence of prediabetes and the end result of diabetes. It is time to begin to take better care of ourselves.