Pharmacological Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction - Step To Health
 

Pharmacological Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction

The options to treat erectile dysfunction depend on the cause, severity, and any pre-existing health conditions. You must always consult a physician to obtain the right medication for your individual case.
Pharmacological Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction

Last update: 28 October, 2021

Some oral medications to treat erectile dysfunction are usually the first choice. In fact, these drugs usually work well and have few side effects.

Furthermore, their mechanism of action work by enhancing the effects of nitric oxide, a substance produced by the body that relaxes the penis muscles. The blood supply increases as a consequence of this relaxation and induces an erection in response to the presence of sexual stimulation.

Treatments for erectile dysfunction

There are various treatment alternatives for erectile dysfunction depending on the cause, severity, and pre-existing health conditions. Their mechanism of action is similar in a way, but there’s an important difference between them, which is their speed of action.

  • Sildenafil is more effective when taken between meals and one hour before sexual intercourse. Its effect lasts between four and five hours in the case of mild to moderate dysfunction.
  • Vardenafil must be taken one hour before sex. Eating around the same time doesn’t alter the effect; however, an overly fatty meal may significantly delay it. You can find this active ingredient in the form of orodispersible tablets, they act faster.
  • Tadalafil must be taken approximately one or two hours before sex. Its effect lasts for up to 36 hours. A man must take it daily in lower or higher doses shortly before sex.
  • Avanafil is taken half an hour before sex, and its effect can last up to six hours depending on the dose.
A seemingly upset man.
Men can treat erectile dysfunction with oral medications, but they must consult a physician to determine the best one for them.

Before starting treatment for erectile dysfunction

Men must take certain factors into account and exercise some precautions as it can lead to serious problems in some cases. For one, a physician must prescribe them. Also, some cases require special precautions:

  • People on dialysis due to renal disease
  • Also, undergoing treatment with nitrates for angina pectoris
  • Low or high blood pressure
  • Liver disease — the liver metabolizes these drugs
A man who thinks erectile dysfunction is a treat. viagra.
It is necessary to consider the adverse effects of these drugs in order not to aggravate pre-existing clinical conditions.

Side effects

In general, men who take drugs to treat erectile dysfunction don’t usually experience side effects. However, some may occur. Among them:

  • Reddening of the face
  • Headaches
  • Indigestion
  • Visual disturbances
  • Nasal congestion
  • Back pain

These could lead to sudden loss of sight and hearing, but it’s rare. There’s also the possibility of priapism in some cases — a painful erection that doesn’t subside and requires medical intervention.

Other medications to treat erectile dysfunction

There are also medications to treat erectile dysfunction that aren’t for oral administration. Among them:

  • Alprostadil self-injection requires a fine needle to inject the medication into the base or side of the penis. Every injection contains the dose necessary to induce an erection that lasts for about an hour. Possible side effects include a long-lasting erection and, rarely, fibrosis at the injection site.
  • Alprostadil consists of introducing a tiny suppository of alprostadil into the urethra. It contains a special applicator. The erection usually begins 10 minutes after the insertion and lasts between 1/2 hour to an hour. The possible side effects include pain and slight bleeding in the urethra.
  • Testosterone replacement is useful when treating men with erectile dysfunctions resulting from low testosterone levels.

Safe use

Finally, medications to treat erectile dysfunction are safe, effective, and deliver good results in approximately four out of five men. The physician should be able to choose the most appropriate treatment for their patient and also explain the risks and benefits of every treatment.

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  • Rodríguez Vela, L., Gonzalvo Ibarra, A., Pascual Regueiro, D., & Rioja Sanz, L. A. (2002). Disfunción eréctil. Actas Urologicas Espanolas. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1761-3310(13)65466-3

  • Sell Lluveras, J. L., & Padrón Durán, R. (2001). Disfunción sexual eréctil. Rev. Cuba. Endocrinol.

  • Castro, R. P., Hernández, P. C., Casilda, R. R., García, J. R., & Tapia, M. J. R. (2010). Epidemiología de la disfunción eréctil. Factores de riesgo. Archivos Espanoles de Urologia. https://doi.org/10.4321/s0004-06142010000800010