Multiple Sclerosis: A Multi-Faceted Disease

· October 14, 2014

Multiple Sclerosis is a central nervous system disease that affects bone marrow, the brain stem, and the brain. It is more common in women than men and the majority of people that have it are between 20 and 40 years of age. It affects the myelin or the brain’s white matter and the bone marrow that envelops nerve fibers and causes them to get damaged and change their functioning when sclerosis plaque appears. As a result, it prevents the nerves from transmitting impulses.

Causes and Consequences

This disease is caused when the myelin sheath is affected. This is what covers the neurons and it can happen in any part of the brain, stopping or altering nerve impulses. However, the damage stems from inflammation in which a person’s immune cells affect the nervous system.


Some studies confirm that Multiple Sclerosis comes from hereditary problems or some kind of virus, along with environmental influences. Nonetheless, the reason behind why it begins is still unknown. It is a fact that there is a greater risk of suffering from it if you have a family history of the disease or if you live in a place where Multiple Sclerosis is frequent.

Here are some of the consequences:

  • Inability to think and reason
  • Depression
  • Urinary infections
  • Pressure ulcers
  • Complications from medications
  • Difficulty to swallow or eat
  • Inability to take care of yourself
  • Osteoporosis or bone weakness and slimming

Find Out If You Suffer from Multiple Sclerosis

Depending on the degree of the disease, the symptoms differ as well as how long it lasts. Some people are affected for days or week, but there are others who can experience lapses for months. Likewise, Multiple Sclerosis can reappear or simply get worse over time.

Being exposed to sun, hot baths, having a fever, or stress can all cause the disease and increase its symptoms if you already have it. Also, because it is a disease that is linked to the nervous system, the symptoms can be found in any part of the body. So, the intestines, bladder, muscles, eyes, and other parts can be affected:

Eye Symptoms

  • Vision loss, usually in one eye at a time
  • Double vision
  • Burning eyes
  • Different and uncontrollable eye movement

Intestines and Bladder Symptoms

  • Frequent urination or urgency
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Difficulty when beginning to urinate
  • Stool leakage
  • Constipation

Muscular Problems

  • Difficulty in walking
  • Coordination problems and difficulty in doing slight movements
  • Muscle spasms
  • Imbalance
  • Leg, arm, or both weakness
  • Difficulty in moving arms and legs
  • Numbness anywhere in the body
  • Facial pain
  • Burning, stinging, or tingling in legs and arms

Neurological and Brain Afflictions

  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Complication in reasoning or thinking
  • Depression or regular sadness
  • Hearing loss
  • Attention deficit, memory loss, and difficulty in understanding

Other Symptoms

  • Difficulty in vaginal lubrication
  • Erection problems
  • Fatigue that gets worse in the afternoon
  • Inappropriate gesticulation
  • Chewing or eating problems


There is no cure for Multiple Sclerosis. However, there are certain types of therapy that will slow down the disease and help the patient have a life that is as normal as possible.

Some of the medications are:

  • Fingolimod (Gilenya)
  • Amantadine for fatigue
  • You can take anti depressives to improve your behavior and mood
  • Cholinergic medications reduce urinary problems
  • Benzodiazepine, Lioresal (Baclofen) and Tizanidine (Zanaflex) reduce muscle spasms
  • Azathioprine (Imuran), Methotrexate, Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) and intravenous immunoglobulin
  • Glatiramer acetate (Copaxone), Natalizumab (Tysabri), Mitoxantrone (Novantrone) and interferons (Betsaerone, Avonex, or Rebif).

On the other hand, you can also use these treatments and tips:


  • Exercise
  • Occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy
  • Support groups
  • Using tools like walkers, wheel chairs, shower chairs, bed elevators, railings on the walls, etc.
  • A healthy diet and lifestyle to avoid stress, diseases, and extreme temperatures
  • Eating easy to chew food
  • Modifying your home to prevent possible falls