Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers among women in the population today and in fact, is even more deadly than breast or uterine cancer.
Women are increasingly exposed to toxic substances in their environment while, tragically, the rate of smoking has also increased significantly.
Statistics show that women who have been smoking for more than 10 years have a greater than 50% risk of developing this disease.
In addition to that, the lungs deteriorate prematurely, exposing you to other serious respiratory disorders.
While many people may not be aware of it, lung cancer one of the leading causes of death among men and women.
Part of the reason for this tragic consequence is the fact that people are very ignorant of the pathology and risk factors of exposure that facilitate the development of lung cancer.
Lung cancer among women
A report produced by the American Cancer Society and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) found that in developed countries, lung cancer is the most deadly form of cancer among women.
The authors agreed that an increase in smoking habits is mainly responsible for these findings.
“The tobacco epidemic,” as professionals prefer to call it, has spread significantly among consumers where women even have begun to outnumber men.
It’s estimated that around 80% of lung cancer diagnoses in women are due to smoking cigarettes, while the rest are derived from other lung conditions, exposure to toxins, and genetic issues.
How does lung cancer develop?
Your lungs are your respiratory organs that are responsible for supplying oxygen to the rest of the body and expelling carbon dioxide.
Cancer develops when something stimulates the overgrowth of cells, which if it’s not diagnosed in a timely manner can infiltrate other bodily organs and tissues through a process known as metastasis.
These neoplasias that can appear in the lungs after developing a tumor in another part of the body are not considered to be lung cancer.
What are the symptoms of lung cancer?
One of the reasons that this type of cancer is so deadly is because its initial symptoms are almost always difficult to identify.
At first it may seem like a common respiratory infection and typically patients disguise it using over-the-counter treatments.
The signs become more clear once the disease has become complicated, yet some patients still present with subtle symptoms that doctors even misinterpret.
The most troubling fact is that the longer screening is delayed, the more likely it is that lung cancer will develop into an incurable condition.
That’s why it’s essential to know what your symptoms are and when you should request a general checkup:
- Feeling tired or fatigued
- A cough or irritation of the throat
- Sudden weight loss
- Difficulty swallowing or breathing
- Wheezing or chest pain
- Phlegm or secretions
- Coughing up blood
- Bone pain
- Obstruction of the superior vena cava
- Regular episodes of fever and susceptibility to pneumonia
Symptoms of lung cancer can vary depending on the patient’s body and the severity of their disease.
In fact, some people don’t have any symptoms at all and receive their diagnosis through a chest x-ray performed for other reasons.
How to prevent lung cancer
While cancer isn’t a 100% preventable disease, there are some healthy habits that will decrease your risk.
Cigarette smokers are aware of the dangers this activity entails, so the probability that they will develop cancer in later years is entirely in their hands.
The best way to prevent this condition is to stop smoking.
After 10 to 15 years, a person who quit smoking will achieve the same risk level of a non-smoker.
Having a diet that’s rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals – as well as doing regular physical activity – are other good practices to help you avoid lung cancer.
Take care of yourself!