Learn about Knee Arthroscopy and its Benefits

May 7, 2019
Knee arthroscopy allows surgeons to see the joint in its entirety while operating. Read on to learn more about it!

Knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure. They use it in trauma and orthopedic surgery. This technique facilitates diagnosis and helps treat many joint conditions.

Despite the fact that it’s a much less invasive method than others, it’s important to note that knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure. For this reason, only trauma and orthopedic surgeons should perform it.

The image it offers surgeons is collected by a camera. To attain it, only a minimal incision that barely leaves a scar is necessary. Therefore, it’s a non-invasive procedure that reduces hospitalization times.

In most cases, patients can go home the same day, thus facilitating recovery.

Knee Arthroscopy Is Best For

A patient with a joint injury.

This technique allows specialists to visualize the inside of the knee in a minimally invasive way. They use it to treat various problems or injuries.

After all, different diseases and injuries can damage different parts of the joint, such as the:

  • Bone
  • Cartilage
  • Ligaments
  • Menisci
  • Tendons
  • Muscles

This article may interest you: Everyday Habits that Cause Knee Pain

Ligament Injury

Cruciate ligament injuries require knee arthroscopy for an accurate diagnosis. There are two types: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries.

The ACL is the ligament that controls excessive motion. Its name stems from the fact that it crosses another ligament. This other ligament is the posterior cruciate ligament. It attaches to the back portion of the tibia.

This injury is very common and usually happens after forceful twisting. Furthermore, if there’s also a torn meniscus, anterior cruciate ligament, and medial collateral ligament, it’s known as an “unhappy triad.”

In a young, moderately active person with discomfort, it’s important to reconstruct the ligament. This is because it often causes degenerative joint disease and can lead to meniscus injuries.

A Torn Meniscus

A woman with knee pain.

People with torn meniscus usually resort to this technique, both for diagnosis and repair.

The meniscus is a fibro-cartilage that has important functions in the knee. It:

  • Is a shock-absorbing system.
  • Protects the cartilage.
  • Improves joint function.

Sometimes, when an injury is clean and fresh, specialists can repair the meniscus. They can completely repair a torn meniscus with a knee arthroscopy. Alternatively, they can also treat it with medication.

Meniscus transplants that replace a damaged meniscus with donor tissue can also be carried out with a knee arthroscopy.

Articular Cartilage Degeneration

Cartilage is a smooth elastic tissue that covers and protects the joints of the femur, tibia, and kneecap. The most common cause of cartilage injuries is osteoarthritis.

However, osteochondritis dissecans, infections, metabolic problems, and trauma, among other things, can also cause these injuries. Depending on the patient’s age, activity, and expectations, there are several surgical options to repair or reconstruct cartilage.

Read this article: Relieve Knee Pain With This Easy Medicinal Treatment

The Benefits of Knee Arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy benefits.

Thanks to this technique, patients don’t require as much hospital time. This facilitates a speedy recovery.

First of all, the advantage of this technique over others is that the surgeon is able to see the joint in its entirety. This is thanks to a small instrument called an arthroscope.

Another advantage of knee arthroscopy is that only very small incisions are necessary. Thus, this technique usually leads to a shorter hospital stay and a speedy recovery.

Fortunately, many patients who undergo knee arthroscopy can leave the hospital on the same day of the procedure. In turn, since it involves small incisions, there’s a better aesthetic result, especially in exposed body parts.

However, you must keep in mind that patients undergo knee arthroscopy due to various injuries or diseases. Therefore, the patient’s particular injuries will condition their hospital stay and overall recovery time. In short, not all patients will respond the same way to this surgery.

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  • Gicquel, P. (2009). Artroscopia en el niño. EMC – Técnicas Quirúrgicas – Ortopedia y Traumatología. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S2211-033X(09)71601-9