7 Foods to Avoid if You Have Hypothyroidism
If you have hypothyroidism, it's very important that you learn to control the food you consume. There are some that can interfere with the normal secretion of thyroid hormones.
Hypothyroidism, like many other illnesses, requires a special diet. This means that there are certain foods to avoid or limit, as they can be potentially harmful. In this condition, the thyroid is functioning at a reduced level, which affects your metabolism. Therefore, we need strict changes in our diet.
Because of this, and through diagnoses with this ailment, it’s important to visit a nutritionist, or at least, know that you can’t have a normal diet.
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism, also known as a thyroid with abnormally low activity, is an illness of the thyroid gland that’s characterized by a low secretion of hormones.
The thyroid participates in metabolism as well as cardiovascular health and other important vital processes. These are linked to a negative reaction when the body is imbalanced.
This problem is most prevalent in women who are in their 60s, due to hormonal changes. However, anyone can have this condition, including teens.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism
In the initial stage of hypothyroidism doctors cannot easily detect it. However, the following can occur:
- Difficulties with concentration
- Depression and irritability
- Cold sensitivity
- Dry skin and weak hair
- Weight gain
- Swollen extremities
- Slow heart rate
- Pain and muscular stiffness
- Irregular menstrual periods
Foods to avoid if you have hypothyroidism
There are some foods contraindicated for patients with hypothyroidism.
These are the foods that interfere in the normal production of thyroid hormones.
1. Grains with gluten
Consuming grains with a high content of gluten can cause difficulty with the absorption of medications that replace thyroid hormones.
In addition, this protein is often identified by the immune system as an antigen that must be attacked.
Because of this, in order to prevent thyroid complications and promote a good functioning, the best thing is to exclude these types of foods from your diet:
- Products with a wheat base
Broccoli and other varieties of cruciferous vegetables, including cabbage, contain a substance known as goitrogen. This causes a difficulty to absorb iodine, which is an essential nutrient in the production of thyroid hormones. Therefore, it guarantees its correct absorption.
- Goitrogens lose their properties when vegetables are cooked. Therefore, if you’re going to eat these vegetables, it’s best to eat them when they’re steamed.
Soy beans, and all of their derivatives contain isoflavons, a fitoestrogen that alters the function of the thyroid gland, especially in patients with an iodine deficiency.
Some foods to avoid are:
- Soy milk
- Cheese made from soy
- Soy sauce
- Soy protein
Patients with hypothyroidism have a continuous problem with their levels of glucose and when not careful, can produce a resistance to insulin.
On the other hand, remember that the metabolic function is altered, which can cause obesity and diabetes.
- Patients should exclude all sugar from the diet.
- Experts don’t recommend sugar substitutes, not even organic sweeteners. They can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
5. Vegetable oils
A great variety of vegetable oils cal also put you at risk of metabolic problems. Their consumption blocks the thyroid’s hormonal functions and reduces cell activity.
To avoid this, even if there’s not a diagnosis of a thyroid issue, dietitians recommend the following oils insead:
- Organic coconut oil
- Extra virgin olive oil
- Sunflower seed oil
- Avocado oil
6. Sweet fruits
Even though moderate consumption isn’t a high risk, it’s best to avoid fruits that are rich in sugar to prevent certain complications of hypothyroidism.
Because they’re easily metabolized, they may cause a risk of high amounts of glucose and difficulties with your metabolism.
Experts recommend avoiding high quantities of the following:
7. Processed meats
Rich in nitrites, nitrates and other added chemicals, processed meats are one of the enemies of thyroid health.
These meats can cause hypothyroidism and even generate complications in your metabolism and cardiovascular health.
Do you have this thyroid problem? Remember that, besides limiting the consumption of these foods, you should improve your lifestyle in general.
This means eating a balanced diet and avoiding a sedentary lifestyle as well alcohol and tobacco.