Hypothyroidism, like many other illnesses, requires a special diet that should exclude some foods that can cause harm. This condition means that the thyroid is functioning at a reduced level, which affects metabolism. Therefore, we need strict changes in our diet.
Because of this, and through diagnoses with this ailment, it’s important to visit a nutritionist, or at least, know that you can’t have a normal diet.
What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism, also known as an over active thyroid, is an illness of the thyroid gland that is characterized by a low secretion of hormones.
The thyroid participates in metabolism as well as cardiovascular health and other important vital processes. These are linked to a negative reaction when the body is imbalanced.
This problem is most prevalent in women who are in their 60s, due to hormonal changes. However, anyone can have this condition, including adolescents.
Symptoms of HypothyroidismIn the initial stage of hypothyroidism doctors cannot easily detect hypothyroidism. However, the following can occur:
• Difficulties with concentration
• Depression and irritability
• Sensitivity to cold
• Dry skin and weakening of the hair
• Weight gain
• Inflammation of the extremities
• Slowing of the heart rate
• Pain and muscular stiffness
• Irregular menstrual periods
Foods to Avoid if You Have Hypothyroidism
There are foods that are contraindicated for patients with hypothyroidism.
These are the foods that interfere in the normal production of the thyroid hormones.
1. Grains with Gluten
Consuming grains with a high content of gluten can cause difficulty with the absorption of medications that replace the thyroid hormone.
In addition, this protein is often identified by the immune system as an antigen that needs to be attacked.
Because of this, in order to prevent complications of the thyroid, and promote good functioning, the best thing is to exclude these types of foods from the diet:
• Products produced with a wheat base
Broccoli and other varieties of cruciferous vegetables, including cabbage, contain a substance known as goitrogen. This causes difficulty in absorbing iodine.
This last substance is an essential nutrient in the production of thyroid hormones. Therefore, it guarantees its correct absorption.
• Goitrogens lose their properties when vegetables are cooked. Because of this, they should be included in the diet. So these vegetables are best eaten when they are steamed.
Soy beans, and all of their derivatives contain isoflavons, a fitoestrogen that alters the function of the thyroid gland, especially in patients with an iodine deficiency.
Patients Should Avoid the Following:
• Soy milk
• Cheese made from soy
• Soy sauce
• Soy protein
Patients with hypothyroidism have a continuous problem with their levels of glucose and when not careful, can produce a resistance to insulin.
On the other hand, we remember that the metabolic function is altered, which can cause over weight and diabetes.
5. Vegetable Oils
A great variety of vegetable oils also can create risks of metabolic problems. Their consumption blocks the thyroid’s hormonal functions and reduces the utilization in the cells.
To avoid this, even if there is not a diagnosis of a thyroid issue, dietitians recommend the following:
• Organic coconut oil
• Extra virgin olive oil
• Sunflower seed oil
• Avocado oil
Also read: 5 Medicinal infusions for Hypothyroidism
6. Sweet Fruits
Even though moderate consumption doesn’t create high risks, it’s best to avoid fruit rich in sugar to prevent certain complications of hypothyroidism.
Due to being easily metabolized, these cause a risk of high amounts of glucose and difficulties with metabolism.
Experts recommend avoiding high quantities of the following:
7. Processed Meats
Rich in nitrites and nitrates, and other added chemicals, processed meats are one of the enemies of thyroid health.
These meats can cause hypothyroidism and, as far as illness, generate complications in metabolism and cardiovascular health.
Do you have this thyroid problem? Remember that, besides limiting the consumption of these foods, you should improve your lifestyle in general.
This means eating a balanced diet, avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, as well as avoiding alcohol and tobacco.