Hypertension and Kidney Failure

March 5, 2016
The link between hypertension and kidney failure is undeniable. Learn how you can treat this condition and protect your kidneys in this article.

Did you know that hypertension is one of the worst enemies to your kidney health? This silent illness can slowly damage the body and lead to conditions like kidney failure, for example.

Today we want to show you some of the best strategies to prevent this from happening and help you get your blood pressure under control. This way you’ll be able to experience a better quality of life.

Don’t miss these important tips!

How does hypertension damage the kidneys?

The link is really easy to understand. The real problem, however, is that we almost never pay any attention to our blood pressure until we start experiencing adverse symptoms, often when it’s too late.

Keep this information in mind to understand the link between high blood pressure and renal insufficiency:

  • High blood pressure makes your heart work harder. If the heavy workload goes on for too long, your blood vessels can be irreparably damaged.
  • One of the greatest risks is that the blood vessels in the kidneys will be damaged which will prevent them from filtering the blood, allowing toxins and waste products to accumulate.
  • This excess liquid damages the blood vessels even further and increases blood pressure as a consequence.

All of this leads to a dangerous cycle that can end up causing serious health consequences.

Read more: Yoga Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

How do I know if I’m suffering from kidney failure?


Unfortunately, once you start to experience symptoms of renal insufficiency, you’ll need to continuously monitor your kidney function because this problem is irreversible. People with chronic kidney failure are at a higher risk because they need constant dialysis and even kidney transplants.

This is a really serious problem that’s worth trying to prevent. You’ll not only need to control your blood pressure regularly but also watch your diet and lifestyle. How do you know if your kidneys are losing function? These are some of the symptoms:

  • Feeling really tired throughout the day.
  • Swollen feet and ankles.
  • Sensitivity to cold.
  • Urine is really yellow.
  • Hard, swollen abdomen.

The clearest indicator is a urine analysis. People with kidney failure have higher creatinine levels. What is creatinine? It’s a waste product produced during breakdown of muscle cells and proteins. When the kidneys are functioning properly, creatinine is excreted in the urine, but if the kidneys are not functioning well, then this waste product will accumulate. It’s a clear indicator of kidney problems, but as we mentioned, it’s only discovered through a urine analysis.

Discover more: 10 Symptoms of Kidney Failure and How to Prevent Them

How can I better care for my blood pressure to prevent kidney damage?


Now that you know how important it is to watch your blood pressure to prevent possible kidney failure, take a look at the following tips to keep it under control:

  • Avoid being overweight. Maintain a healthy weight for your age and height.
  • Eat fresh fruits and vegetables, especially leafy greens and diuretic fruits like pineapple, pears, grapes and cranberries.
  • Avoid dairy products with a lot of fat. Drink vegetables milks like rice, oat, or nut instead.
  • Completely avoid salt. Eliminate sodium from your diet as well as sugar and refined flours.
  • Exercise for at least half an hour a day, but try to keep it moderate to activate your heart and blood flow. Try going for a walk for half an hour, cycling, swimming, or even signing up for dance lessons.
  • Drink a glass of red wine a day, but never exceed this amount.
  • If you smoke, quit this dangerous bad habit today.
  • Try taking vitamin D supplements. They’re great for kidney function.
  • Drink a tablespoon of baking soda dissolved in a glass of water. It’s a powerful alkalizer that will help improve your renal function.
  • Try not to take a lot of medication, or at least don’t take non-prescription medications as they’re hard for the liver and kidneys to process.

Don’t forget to see your doctor for periodic checkups to control hypertension and monitor kidney health. Buy a blood pressure meter to monitor your levels at home.

Above all, watch your stress levels. As you already know, stress is a direct trigger for high blood pressure and needs to be appropriately managed.

  • Gordillo-Paniagua, G., & Valencia-Espinoza, L. C. (1992). HIPERTENSION ARTERIAL. Acta Pediatrica Espanola. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.82.115408
  • Herrero, J. I., & Alegre, F. (2008). Insuficiencia renal. In Trasplante hepático. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-84-8086-310-0.50022-1
  • MedlinePlus. (Consulta 2018). PRESIÓN ARTERIAL ALTA. Online [https://medlineplus.gov/spanish/highbloodpressure.html].