How to Treat Burns with Home Remedies
Burns are skin injuries caused by the contact or exposure to a hazardous agent, such as heat, cold, electricity, sunlight, or certain chemicals. The human body tolerates temperatures up to 40°C. Above that, the skin loses its natural ability to regenerate itself. In this article, we’ll take a look at how to treat burns with home remedies.
Types of burns and symptoms
A burn can be painful or not, depending on its degree. The degree of a burn is determined by its location in the body and how deep it is.
- First-degree burns: These only affect the outermost layer of the skin and are characterized by redness and pain. These are common when a person has had prolonged sun exposure. They’re really common, especially in the summer.
- Second-degree burns: These are a little deeper and their main characteristic is the appearance of blisters. These blisters are defense mechanisms to burns since they protect from infections. With the liquid they contain, they hydrate the wound and aid healing. These burns are very painful.
- Third-degree burns: These are characterized by charred tissue. These burns destroy the nerve endings responsible for transmitting pain. That’s why third-degree burns don’t hurt.
All burns can cause problems and significant health risks. However, it all depends on the part of the body that was burned. Thus, a first-degree burn affecting 90% of the body is equal to or more dangerous than a second-degree burn that only affects 20% of the body.
There are many factors that can cause burns:
- Steam or hot liquid
- Metal, glass, and other hot objects
- Electric current
- Radiation from X-rays or from radiation therapy used to treat cancer.
- Sunlight or ultraviolet light from a sunlamp or tanning bed
- Chemicals such as strong acids, lye, paint thinner, or gasoline
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Be aware of the risk of burns outside the home, especially if you work in places with open flames, chemicals, or super-heated materials.
To reduce the risk of common domestic burns:
- Pay attention to foods you leave on the stove.
- Turn the stove handles toward the back of the kitchen.
- Keep hot liquids out of reach of children and pets.
- Keep electrical devices away from water.
- Check the temperature of food before serving it to a child. Don’t heat a baby’s bottle in the microwave.
- Never cook with loose clothing that could catch fire in the stove.
- If there are young children present, block their access to heat sources such as stoves, outdoor grills, fireplaces, and heaters.
Tips and natural remedies to treat burns
Lavender essential oil
Its application will provide immediate relief thanks to its antiseptic and analgesic properties. In turn, it will allow you to reduce the risk of scarring.
- 1 cup of lavender oil (250 ml)
How to use
- Apply to the burned area and leave on without covering the burn.
- It’s important to reapply the oil throughout the day.
In addition to disinfecting wounds and healing burns, honey extracts the fluid from the tissue, thus cleaning the burned area. In turn, it moisturizes and helps regenerate skin.
- 1 cup of honey (250 ml)
How to use
- Apply the honey on the burn. It’s very important to let it dry for a long time. Also, don’t cover the wound with any type of fabric.
- Reapply throughout the day to speed up the healing process.
Due to its astringent and antiseptic properties, vinegar helps treat minor burns and prevent any kind of infection. It’s the perfect choice for first and second-degree burns.
- 1 cup of vinegar (250 ml)
How to use
- Simply apply the vinegar to the affected area and leave on for about 1 to 2 hours.
- As with the other remedies, reapply several times a day to regenerate and rapidly heal the burned area.
To relieve burning, we recommended letting cold water run over the burn for several minutes. You can also put cold compresses on the affected area.
How to use
- Immerse or apply enough cold water on the affected burned area.
- If you like, also put cold compresses on the affected area.