How to Make an Urban Garden in a Small Space

October 31, 2019
It's important to know a few things about gardening in order to create an urban garden. Then, you can make the most out of your roof or terrace and enjoy this green space at your own home!

Despite the massive growth of cities and great technological advances, creating an urban garden is becoming more popular than ever. However, it’s important to consider some things when it comes to having it in a small place.

In today’s article, we’re going to tell you about an easy approach to create an urban garden. We’ll also give you some practical tips on how to begin growing your fruits, vegetables, aromatic plants, etc. Thus, you’ll be able to enjoy green space and even grow some things with which to feed your family in the healthiest possible way. Also, you’ll feel great because creating an urban garden is a highly rewarding activity!

How to make an urban garden in a small space

Carefully select a spot

Gardening tools.
You don’t need a large piece of land for a garden. In fact, a terrace or a roof is quite suitable.

This new garden project you’re about to undertake it’s a bit tricky and it’s important that you carefully select where you’re going to place it. To do so, keep in mind that the success of your plants will depend on the light they receive. Also, always keep in mind that sunny places speed up seed development.

You’ll also need to have a good drainage system and, of course, a source of water that’s as close as possible to your garden for irrigation purposes. This way, you’ll be able to save time as it’ll ease up your garden watering requirements.

Keep in mind that you’ll work with soil and fertilizers when you select the spot for your urban garden, be it on a terrace or a patio. For instance, consider how you’re going to keep the space tidy and constrained so as not to bring mud into your house every time you’re there.

Read also: Four Ways to Decorate Your Small Garden

Gardening lessons

Learn a little bit about gardening before you begin spending money on seeds and basic gardening tools, even if it’s just theory. There are too many things that could bring down months of work and care for your plants. Therefore, it’s better to take some lessons or read some literature on the subject.

For example, you must at least the following basic notions:

  • How to care for the soil and the use of different fertilizers.
  • What months are suitable for sowing.
  • How to water and when to prune.
  • Best ways to deal with plagues and infestations.

The vertical urban garden

A vertical garden.
You can hang plants vertically in pots or planters to better utilize the space.

With vertical gardens, your main advantage is you can optimizing space to its maximum. This is because it takes up way less space than a conventional horizontal one. At the same time, you’ll save time in maintenance. This is because these kinds of gardens seldom get weeds and you don’t have to bend over for digging holes.

Another great advantage of planting vertically is you can maximize the entry of light and air into your plants. Also, you get fewer pests and when you do, it’s easier to deal with them. The best fast-cycle plants for a vertical garden are lettuce, chard, spinach, etc. Plant them between the varieties that grow slower.

As you can see, the balcony, terrace, and roof are perfect places for an urban garden. You can use pots, cultivation tables or even start a hydroponic cultivation system (it grows in water so it doesn’t require soil).

Read also: 6 Brilliant Ideas for a Mini Garden

Original ideas

Currently, social networks allow us to see all sorts of urban gardens from all over the world. It’s great how we can benefit from the imagination of so many people who make the most of their small spaces.

Overall, here are some rather original ideas for your urban garden:

  • Take advantage of used pallets, tires and all sorts of containers to use on your cultivation tables and as pots.
  • If you’re new to the world of gardening, you can make it easy on yourself. Just make some signs to help you remember the names and characteristics of each plant you have.
  • Plant aromatic plants. Few things are as pleasant as going out to one’s garden and picking up some fresh herbs for our dishes.
  • Ask around and find out where to find the most suitable substrate for the type of soil you’re going to use.
  • If you often go away from home and don’t have a friend who can go water your plants, then you should install some sort of automatic irrigation system.
  • Compost whatever waste produced within your garden (pruning, discarded fruits, herbs, etc.). It’ll add natural nutrients to your soil.

Final notes

Are you ready to make your urban garden? Not only will you be able to grow your organic food free of pesticides, but you’ll also have a hobby to de-stress with! Perhaps other members of your family will also be interested!

  • Montserrat Soliva y Marga López. (2004). Calidad del compost : Influencia del tipo de materiales tratados y de las condiciones del proceso. In Formación de técnicos para el tratamiento y gestión de lodos de depuradora. Valsaín CENEAM/MIMAM 1.
  • Beltrano, J., & Gimenez, D. O. (2015). Cultivo en hidroponía. In Libros de Càtedra. https://doi.org/10.1039/c0dt00588f
  • Aznar Márquez, Juana y Navarro Ríos, M. J. (2014). EL HUERTO URBANO ECOLÓGICO: ESTUDIO DE LA INICIATIVA DE LA UNIVERSIDAD MIGUEL HERNÁNDEZ (ELCHE, ESPAÑA). Actas Iberoamericanas ….
  • Ballesteros, G. (2014). Espectacular crecimiento de los huertos urbanos. Ecologista.