Treatment for hemorrhoids takes patience and consistency. This is an annoying and widespread condition in the population.
Hemorrhoids are veins that are situated near the anus. When they become inflamed they cause itching, pain and bleeding. The symptoms become worse if there is constipation or hard stool.
Treatment ranges from home remedies to surgery. It all depends on the seriousness and the characteristics of the inflammation. In any case, it’s always worth it to start with simpler solutions and then escalate if necessary.
The least recommended creams are the ones that contain cortecoids. These can cause itching and dermatitis.
Preventative measures for the treatment for hemorrhoids
There are a series of natural measures and preventative cures for the treatment of hemorrhoids. The most important ones are the following:
• Avoid constipation at all costs. Difficulties eliminating waste increases the intensity of symptoms. To stop this from happening, maintain a diet rich in fiber and consume lots of liquids.
• Exercise frequently. Being sedentary increases hemorrhoid symptoms, especially if you spend a lot of time sitting. The ideal is to frequently practice a physical activity. Rowing, horseback riding and bicycling are not recommended.
• Avoid certain foods. Among these are coffee, dark drinks, chocolate, very spicy food, alcohol and excessive consumption of salt.
• Wear cotton underwear.
Many people use laxatives to avoid constipation. However, you should use precaution and always use under the supervision of a physician. Even though they are effective, they can cause problems.
Creams and salves
Symptoms of inflamed hemorrhoids can be treated with creams and salves. Even though there are many options on the market, it’s always best to get prescriptions from your doctor. The most common components of these products are astringents, which in general are mild.
The least recommended are those that contain corticoids because they can cause itching and dermatitis. The use of creams usually complements taking analgesics. At the same time, the most reliable preparations are those that contain mild astringents.
Sufferers with the most serious cases can choose a hemorrhoidectomy.
Suppositories are another way to treat hemorrhoids. Many of these products are over the counter in pharmacies. However, experts recommend using caution with these. The majority of them contain corticoids and local anethesics that eventually can cause adverse effects.
Also see: How to Treat Hemorrhoids Naturally
More specialized treatments
Sometimes, it’s just not enough to go on a diet and apply salves in the affected area. When hemorrhoids are internal and cause a lot of pain or are bleeding, a doctor can carry out some of the following treatments:
• Elastic bands – These strangle the hemorrhoid and cause necrosis. After a few days, they fall off by themselves.
• Coagulation with laser or infrared light – Experts apply heat to the affected area to produce coagulation. The hemorrhoids shrink and disappear.
• Cryotherapy – They freeze the hemorrhoid with liquid nitrogen. This generates inflammation in that area and healing is slow.
• Injection esclerotherapy – In this case, doctors inject various substances directly into the hemorrhoids to cause healing and diminish the symptoms.
The most serious cases can call for a hemorrhoidectomy. This is a procedure to surgically remove the hemorrhoids. Like all surgeries, there are risks. One of them is the risk of blood clots in the legs. The post-op is painful and also slow until healing is complete. Nevertheless, this method is effective.
There is a new option for treatment for hemorrhoids. It is the transanal dearterialization of hemorrhoids that was guided by Doppler. This method is from 1955 and is still there isn’t enough information about its effectiveness. However, it doesn’t require incisions and the risk of bleeding is low. The postoperative is also less painful than a hemorrhoidectomy.