5 Guidelines to Take Care of Your Skin and Avoid Sunburn - Step To Health

5 Guidelines to Take Care of Your Skin and Avoid Sunburn

The areas most affected by sunburn are the scalp in people who do not have hair, the ears, and the neckline, whose skin is thinner. Find out how to protect your skin and avoid sunburn.
5 Guidelines to Take Care of Your Skin and Avoid Sunburn

Last update: 11 November, 2020

Do you know what guidelines to follow to avoid sunburn? In many cases, the rush to get a tan, as well as not taking preventive measures before exposure to the sun, leads to sunburn.

The damage that sunburn causes consists of excessive oxidation that results in the death of keratinocytes. The people most prone to sunburn are those who have a light phototype, i.e. light skin, eyes, and hair. The areas that sunburn affects the most are the scalp, the ears, and the neckline, where the skin is thinner.

Here are 5 guidelines to avoid sunburn.

1. Use topical photoprotection to avoid sunburn

Sunscreen to care for the skin and prevent sunburn.
Topical sunscreens are ideal for reducing the risk of sunburn. It’s essential to use them every day, especially when the days are very hot.

Topical cosmetic products protect us from the short-term effects of radiation, as well as providing long-term benefits. This way, you can avoid sunburn.

These contain sunscreens that must meet the required standards of safety, effectiveness, and versatility. Also, they should be cosmetically pleasing, not produce stains, and allow for different forms of application.

2. Try oral photoprotection

Combining topical photoprotection with oral photoprotection will be the best option to avoid sunburn. The advantage is that oral photoprotection protects all of the skin by replacing the losses that rubbing, sweating, and forgetting to reapply topical products can cause.

In most of these nutritional supplements, it’s common to find substances such as Beta-carotene, Polypodium leucotomos, vitamin C, vitamin E, polyphenols, and fatty acids. It’s important to remember that treatment should begin at least 15 days before sun exposure.

You may also be interested in: 4 Vitamins for Healthy Skin

3. Use sun protection barriers to prevent sunburn

Sunglasses are one of the most important accessories..
Some clothes and accessories can serve as a barrier against the sun’s rays. It’s advisable to use them when outdoors.

It’s important to remember the following recommendations as sun protection barriers:

  • Avoid exposure to the sun during the hours of most intense radiation: Between 12 and 4 pm.
  • Take an umbrella to the beach or pool, and use hats or caps if you’re going to carry out activities and sports outdoors.
  • Wear protective clothing: Studies have shown that wearing protective clothing while sunbathing can decrease the number of acquired melanocytic nevi. There’s a UV protection factor for fabrics called FPU, which varies depending on the type of fabric, fiber moisture, and color, among others.
  • Use approved sunglasses: These not only protect your eyes but also the periocular area from the effects of UV radiation. You should use sunglasses that block 99% of UVA and UVB radiation.
  • Stay in the shade or under trees: This will also reduce the impact of direct radiation. Although we must take into account the indirect radiation from water, sand, or snow.

4. Maintain proper hydration and diet

Water in the skin plays a specific role, since it maintains the skin’s structure and barrier function, ensures elasticity, and preserves cell differentiation.

During exposure to the sun, we lose water. Therefore, we need to drink water regularly during and after exposure. Also, after exposure, you should apply active moisturizing ingredients topically to recover the skin’s water tone.

Eat a balanced diet, rich in essential fatty acids, which restore the skin barrier and have an anti-inflammatory effect, and antioxidants, which neutralize the effect of free radicals. Also, drinks based on natural juices and green tea will help you maintain a healthy tan.

5. Use after-sun creams

Apply lotion after sunburn.
After-sun products contain substances that help fight cell damage caused by sun exposure.

Regular moisturizers can’t replace after-sun products, as these are specifically indicated to soothe, balance, regenerate, and moisturize the skin after the sun. They also help maintain your tan.

After-sun products are formulated to repair cell damage caused by sun exposure. They balance, decongest, bring down swelling, and help fight free radicals caused by solar radiation.

Thanks to their moisturizing power, they prevent dryness, tightness, and peeling of the skin, which are common in summer. Also, they reduce redness, relieve burn, and refresh the skin after a day of prolonged exposure to the sun.

After-sun also prepares the skin for further sun exposure, which is why it intensifies the tan. And, since it prevents peeling, your current tan will fade gradually.


The most important thing to take care of your skin, avoid sunburn, and get a nice tan is the application of sunscreen. Also, as much as possible, follow the recommendations we’ve given you in this article.

Now, enjoy the sun safely!

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