It's Easy to Grow Your Own Garlic at Home

24 August, 2020
Garlic is an ingredient with many uses in gastronomy and the home. Here we'll tell you how to grow your own at home with a few easy steps. Discover everything you need to keep in mind.

Garlic is a member of the Allium family, which also includes onion and leeks. Its delicious taste and aroma make it one of the most popular ingredients all over the world. Growing your own garlic at home is very easy and doesn’t require much space in your garden.

You probably know that garlic in individual cloves that form a bulb. Each garlic clove can multiply when you plant it, producing a new bulb with 5 or 10 new cloves. Another great thing about garlic is that if you keep it in a cool and dry place, it can last for months.

If you want to learn how to grow garlic at home, then this article is for you. We’ll briefly discuss the properties of garlic and share all the steps you need to follow to plant it and harvest it. Get your pen and paper and take some notes!

Why should you grow your own garlic at home?

Growing home gardens has become popular again in recent years because it’s a simple and budget-friendly way to eat organic, pesticide-free food. Garlic is a favorite of home gardeners because it’s relatively low-maintenance and is a staple in any home kitchen.

Aside from having a delicious flavor, garlic is chock-full of important nutrients that are important for a balanced diet. According to an article in Nutrients magazine, garlic contains:

  • Water (62-68%)
  • Carbohydrates (26-30%)
  • Proteins (1.5-2.1%)
  • Amino acids (0.5-1.0%)
  • Organosulfur compounds (1.1-3.5%)
  • Fiber (1.5%)

This same study suggests that garlic can potentially help prevent metabolic disorders and dyslipidemia. Eating a moderate amount of garlic can also help improve some gastrointestinal processes by helping protect the stomach lining against Heliocbacter pylori bacteria and ulcers.

It’s important to think about how you’re going to use garlic, because when you cook it, it loses a lot of its nutrients. So, if you want to take it for health reasons, your best bet is to eat it raw. You can try it by itself, or combine it with lemon juice.

Some heads of garlic in a bowl.
Garlic has multiple uses in the kitchen and has many positive health effects.

Don’t miss: Garlic Oil Remedy for Your Body

How do you plant garlic at home?

Growing garlic at home is very easy. All you need to do is choose your variety, and be patient. Once you’ve decided, make sure your pot is big enough  to accommodate garlic’s deep roots.

To plant garlic at home you will need the following:

  • 1 whole garlic
  • 1 pot that’s 8 inches deep
  • Potting soil

Directions

  • Choose the type of garlic that you like the best and separate the cloves, leaving the skin on
  • Choose a pot with good water drainage at the bottom so that the water will drain well each time you water it
  • Fill the pot with enough potting soil but leave at least half an inch of space at the top
  • Place the garlic clove in the pot, burying it at least 8 inches deep and with the pointed end facing up
  • You can plant more than one garlic clove to the pot as long as you leave at least 8 cm (3 inches) of space between them
  • Depending on the climate and variety, your garlic will sprout between 16-32 weeks after you plant it
Some garlic sprouting from the ground.
Ideally, start growing your garlic when the temperature is mild.

Check out this article too: 6 Powerful Garlic Remedies That Are Easy to Make

Things to keep in mind

It’s best to grow garlic when the temperature is mild. Very hot or very wet climates are not the best for garlic. In fact, for the first half of their growth, garlic prefers a cold climate (between 32° F – 59° F).

After that, garlic can tolerate temperatures up to 77° F until the heads reach maturity. In general, it’s best to plant in fall or winter.

Avoid excessive watering because too much water encourages disease. It’s also important to keep the area clear of weeds and add a little bit of compost every month.

You can harvest garlic when the outside leaves begin to dry out and turn brown. When this occurs, pull up the entire plant, leaves on. It’s best to harvest when the weather is sunny and dry. Then, dry the garlic in full sun for a couple of days.

When the bulb is completely dry, you can store it in a cool, dry place. If you want, you can also preserve with other methods like dehydration or pickling. Are you ready to grow your own garlic?

  • Chen K, Xie K, Liu Z, et al. Preventive Effects and Mechanisms of Garlic on Dyslipidemia and Gut Microbiome Dysbiosis. Nutrients. 2019;11(6):1225. Published 2019 May 29. doi:10.3390/nu11061225
  • Charron, C. S., Milner, J. A., & Novotny, J. A. (2015). Garlic. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health (pp. 184–190). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00346-9
  • Bayan, L., Koulivand, P. H., & Gorji, A. (2014). Garlic: a review of potential therapeutic effects. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine4(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.22038/ajp.2014.1741
  • Block, E. (1998). Garlic as a Functional Food: A Status Report. ACS Symposium Series702, 125–143. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1998-0702.ch013
  • Mann, L. K. (1952). Anatomy of the garlic bulb and factors affecting bulb development. Hilgardia21(8), 195–251. https://doi.org/10.3733/hilg.v21n08p195