Food to Include in the Hashimoto's Diet

Diet is important when you have Hashimoto's hypothyroidism, a condition characterized by a deficiency in the production of thyroid hormones that leads to chronic inflammation in the thyroid gland. Today's article will give you some tips on a diet that can help with this problem.
Food to Include in the Hashimoto's Diet

Last update: 28 June, 2021

The Hashimoto’s diet is a treatment for the type of hypothyroidism of the same name. Its purpose is to circumvent the development of a severe medical situation that could limit a person’s lifestyle. This condition has its origin in a hormonal imbalance and its complete approach usually requires the use of pharmacology.

Thyroid-related problems can be of two types and it’s possible to experience an increase in the production of thyroid hormones — with all the inconveniences this entails. Also, you could find yourself in a situation of deficiency in their synthesis.

People with Hashimoto’s disease must take care of the diet

Hashimoto’s hypothyroidism is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that leads to the malfunction of this gland. It’s important to mind your diet in this type of situation in order to avoid the progression of the disease. This is because it could lead to a gland that’s less and less able to carry out its functions.

We mustn’t forget this organ is in charge of producing a series of hormones that are determinant in metabolic function. Furthermore, failure to synthesize them in sufficient quantities can lead to fatty weight gain. Even chronic inflammation of the gland can lead to the growth of a tumor in the area.

It’s possible to provide nutrients that improve thyroid function through diet. Similarly, it can counteract the weight gain induced by Hashimoto’s disease.

Note that excess weight has been proven detrimental to health and increases the risk of various disorders.

An overweight woman.
Overweight, hypothyroidism, hormonal imbalances and diet have a close connection.

Find out Six Things You Need to Know about Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

Foods to avoid on Hashimoto’s diet

Today we’re going to tell you which foods to avoid if you have Hashimoto’s hypothyroidism, in order to slow down the progression of the condition.


These vegetables are usually great in the context of a balanced diet but are also giotrogenic. For this reason, anyone following Hashimoto’s diet should skip them. Mainly because they could further inflame the thyroid. This group includes cabbage, collard greens, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Nuts and peanuts

The same goes for these products as they contain a large number of anti-nutrients that can reduce the absorption of iodine at the intestinal level.

Spinach and carrots

You must limit the consumption of the above-mentioned products but the rules are laxer when it comes to spinach and carrots. You may eat them once in a while, just not every day.

These foods bring many health benefits when consumed in moderation as part of Hashimoto’s diet.

Foods you should eat more of

One of the key features of Hashimoto’s diet is the need to increase the presence of iodine in the diet. It’s an essential nutrient for the production of thyroid hormones, according to a study published in Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery.


Fish has high levels of iodine. In addition, it also has fatty acids of the omega-3 series, which have demonstrated anti-inflammatory capabilities. For this reason, it has a double-action in the fight against the progression of Hashimoto’s hypothyroidism.


As in the previous case, iodine content is also significant here. However, people with high uric acid levels must be careful with these products, as they could lead to problems.


These products contain high doses of iodine. In addition, the probiotics in their composition can colonize the digestive tract, exerting a positive metabolic effect. They’re excellent foods as far as weight control is concerned.

Other important nutrients to take into account

In addition to the foods mentioned above, you must also increase the intake of the following nutrients, as they’re also involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones:

  • Zinc is present in red meat and nuts
  • You can get iron from food of animal origin
  • Manganese is common in nuts and cereals
  • Vitamin A is present in green, red, and orange vegetables
  • Selenium is mainly present in nuts and cereals but also in dairy products
A variety of dairy.
Dairy is a part of Hashimoto’s diet because it’s a source of iodine and probiotics and these contribute to good thyroid health and weight control.

The Hashimoto’s diet won’t suffice on its own

Physical activity is essential for metabolic stabilization and to ensure proper body composition. Otherwise, it could result in obesity, a risk factor for the development of many other chronic pathologies.

At the same time, it’s essential to resort to pharmaceuticals. This is because these can improve the quality of life by reducing the feeling of constant fatigue. However, a specialist must prescribe medications and periodically review the dosages.

Hashimoto’s diet can help manage hypothyroidism

Hashimoto’s hypothyroidism is a condition that can lead to many problems in the medium term when not properly managed. Thus, early detection is essential and so is adapting the lifestyle and dietary habits to it.

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  • Ortega FB, Lavie CJ, Blair SN. Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease. Circ Res. 2016 May 27;118(11):1752-70. doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.115.306883. PMID: 27230640.
  • Zbigniew S. Role of Iodine in Metabolism. Recent Pat Endocr Metab Immune Drug Discov. 2017;10(2):123-126. doi: 10.2174/1872214811666170119110618. PMID: 28103777.
  • Ishihara T, Yoshida M, Arita M. Omega-3 fatty acid-derived mediators that control inflammation and tissue homeostasis. Int Immunol. 2019 Aug 23;31(9):559-567. doi: 10.1093/intimm/dxz001. PMID: 30772915.