Five Causes of Facial Dark Spots

April 9, 2019
Dark spots on the skin of your face may be due to several causes. Knowing what they are will allow you to treat them accordingly. We'd like to tell you more about it them this article.

Facial dark spots are due to an overproduction of melanin, a chemical component that’s responsible for the color of our skin. When the body produces a lot of it, however, the extras tend to concentrate in specific areas of the body.

In addition, this hyper-pigmentation could also be the result of exposure to the sun or hormonal imbalances, among other factors.

While irregular pigmentation is usually associated with aging, facial spots could also appear towards the end of adolescence on any type of skin.

Overall, skin pigmentation disorders are very common. However, they don’t have serious consequences, apart from the aesthetic disadvantages, so there’s no need to worry too much about them. In this article, we’ll take a look at some possible habits that may cause facial dark spots to appear.

Five Things that Promote Facial Dark Spots

Next, we’ll take a look at some of the things that cause facial dark spots. Take note and keep them in mind if you’re trying to keep these skin spots at bay.

1. Hormones

Hormonal changes are the most frequent cause of the appearance of dark spots on the face. In addition, birth control pills and other medications that alter your hormonal balance may cause dark spots when skin is exposed to sunlight.

Also, hormonal activity may reveal melasma, a form of irregular pigmentation that affects some pregnant women.

Read this article: 8 Symptoms of a Hormonal Imbalance You Didn’t Know

2. Sun Exposure

A woman with a sun hat.

One of the other things that increase the appearance of facial brown spots is uneven exposure to sunlight that causes an irregular production of melanin. After all, excessive sun exposure plays a critical role in the formation of all types of skin spots.

Daily application of sunscreen or a day cream with a high UV index scale of protection is highly recommended, especially if you live in a sunny climate. You should also apply a moisturizer with a medium protection factor every morning, even during the less bright winter days.

3. Acne Scars

Acne scars are pigmented dark spots or marks that appear after pimples heal. Their technical name is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and they typically appear tan or dark brown in color.

Without treatment, dark spots and marks may take months to years to fade away. Fortunately, however, there’s more than one treatment option for getting rid of them. This includes over-the-counter creams, prescription medications, medical procedures, and certain home remedies.

4. Inadequate Diet

Diet is key in our lives, since we are what we eat. Furthermore, you should know that a poor diet, coupled with a deficit of nutrients, will lead to the appearance of facial brown spots.

Keep an eye on what you put into your body. Some studies suggest that a person can reduce or prevent acne breakouts by consuming more omega-3 fatty acids, fewer dairy products, and fewer foods with a high glycemic index.

Moreover, if your current diet includes a lot of processed junk foods, then begin making small changes that include natural, unprocessed foods of all sorts. You’ll notice the difference in your face in no time.

5. Artificial Light

Did you know that artificial light can also promote the appearance of dark spots on your face? However, it does so to a lesser degree than natural sunlight.

A study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology indicates that harmful radiation from TV screens, computer screens, and uncovered fluorescent lights may cause dark spots on your skin when you expose your skin to this radiation regularly for long periods of time.

Also, visible artificial light stimulates pigment production in the same way that UV sunlight does. In order to cope with this factor, try to reduce the time of exposure or at least make sure to take frequent breaks.

Did you know? Foods that Help You Sleep Better: 9 Melanin-rich Foods!

Treatments to Reduce Facial Dark Spots

A woman with dark spots.

Most facial dark spots pose no health risks. However, even though some may find them cute, they do pose an aesthetic problem for many people who want clear, flawless skin.

So, if you’d like to reduce your facial brown spots, then you can try some effective natural ingredients for it. They can be applied as preventive or curative topical measures at night. These include:

  • White clay
  • Lemon and lime
  • Celery essential oil
  • Aloe vera
  • Oats
  • Pineapple
  • Parsley
  • Onion
  • Argan oil

Note: Avoid exposure to the sun after using the above ingredients on your skin, as this could make the situation worse.

In addition, you may also use some creams that reduce the formation of melanin and diffuse pigmentation. However, keep in mind that these products shouldn’t be applied for a long period of time.

You may also like to know that there are laser treatments that could reduce the spots on your face. However, there are many instances in which these procedures may lead to adverse secondary effects that will worsen your skin instead of helping it.

Finally, if you notice the appearance of facial dark spots, you may want to contact a dermatologist as soon as possible so they can do the necessary and relevant tests and discard skin cancer. Understanding the cause of the problem and intervening with a diagnosis and a specific therapy are all vital to decrease or get rid of those spots on your face.