Everything You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure - Step To Health

Everything You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure should not be too high or too low. If it is too high, serious health complications can occur, especially at the cardiac level.
Everything You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure

Last update: 18 November, 2021

Keeping your blood pressure under control is essential in order to avoid more complicated health problems, and especially to keep your heart and circulatory system in good order. That’s why today we’re going to talk about habits that can cause high blood pressure, and show you how you can prevent it. Want to know more? Keep reading.

Why do we get high blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. Every time the heart beats, it pumps blood into the arteries. During this process, blood pressure is higher. When the heart is at rest, it drops.

It shouldn’t be too high nor too low. If it’s too high, serious health complications can occur, especially concerning the heart. People who have this condition can suffer from coronary insufficiency, angina pectoris, heart attacks, or arrhythmias, among other complications.

In principle, any factor that increases the pressure against the walls of the arteries can generate high blood pressure. Some diseases related to the development of this ailment are sleep apnea, problems with the kidneys, and thyroid problems, among others. Certain medications can cause the pressure to rise, such as some contraceptives, painkillers, among others.

Several risk factors can lead to increased blood pressure. Among the most common we have the following:

  • Excessive sodium intake
  • Lack of physical activity, which can lead to excess weight.
  • An unhealthy diet.
  • Genetics

In addition, certain psychological problems can affect the heart and, as a result, could raise blood pressure more than its normal levels:

  • Suffering from worry.
  • Being in a state of anger or rage.

Can high blood pressure be prevented?

High blood pressure.

In most cases, it is a disease that can be prevented, and, for that reason, it’s essential to follow some simple recommendations that could prevent you from suffering from this health condition. Let’s take a look at them:

  • Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and smoking as much as possible.
  • Try to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Exercise at least three times a week for at least half an hour.
  • Check your blood pressure often enough to make sure it’s normal.
  • Normal blood pressure values should be between 120-80 and 129-84, normal-high blood pressure levels range between 130-80 and 139-89.

Discover more in this article: The Effects of Alcohol on the Heart

However, the normal levels can vary throughout the day, due to the activities we perform, since through our body’s blood pressure, we get the correct blood supply to all our body organs.

If we do physical exercise and measure our blood pressure while we’re exercising or immediately after finishing the exercise, we’re sure to find that it’s higher. This is because the blood must increase its intensity in order to reach the muscles involved in the activity. When the exercise is over and you’re able to rest a bit, then the levels will return to normal.

So, don’t panic. It’s normal for your levels to rise throughout the day; in fact, it may be a problem if it doesn’t. The complications arise when it’s too high and for too long. That’s when you should consult a doctor.

What is hypertension? How to cope with it?

Food with zinc.
The functions of zinc in the body are varied, from regulating taste to maintaining blood pressure.

Experts say that a person is suffering from hypertension when this value is always between 140/90. This is a worrying situation, because the increase in blood pressure can damage the arteries. As a result, your levels can increase even more over time.

In addition to the medications that the doctor can prescribe us, hypertension can be controlled by making some changes in our daily habits. As already mentioned, we must avoid the consumption of salty, canned, and preserved foods, as these foods contain many salts and preservatives that impair the normal functioning of our body.

In addition, we must restrict the consumption of all food rich in fat, such as sausages, fried food, and fast food, as these will cause us to put on weight and, in turn, cause hypertension.

It’s recommended that we include food rich in potassium in our daily diet, as some studies show that this can help to reduce blood pressure. So, don’t hesitate to eat plenty of food such as bananas, almonds, and walnuts, etc.

We also recommend fruits and vegetables such as carrots, chard, tomatoes, pumpkins, and watercress, among others. It’s also important to eat oily fish, rich in Omega 3, at least once or twice a week, as well as low-fat dairy products.

Finally, don’t forget to exercise regularly and avoid alcohol and tobacco. These aren’t only bad for your heart health, but also for your body in general.

Don’t forget!

We recommend that you check your blood pressure regularly. If the doctor sees that your blood pressure is under control, they’ll probably decrease the medication you’re taking.

So, if you follow their recommendations, it’s likely that there’ll come a time when they’ll withdraw these medications completely. However, only your doctor can decide this; you shouldn’t under any circumstances decide to change the dosage yourself.

In addition to this, try to include the other advice we’ve brought you today into your daily routine. These tips won’t only help you to reduce your blood pressure, but they’ll help you feel better too. Eating healthy food and exercising is the best way to take care of your overall health. Your body, as well as your heart, will thank you for it.

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