Dust Mite Allergy

The best way to control a dust mite allergy is to keep humidity and dust out of your home. It's best to keep your home dry and clean.
Dust Mite Allergy

Last update: 28 January, 2021

Dust mite allergy is one of the most common allergies in the world today. Since the mites are in the dust, it’s not easy to control. It’s like they’re everywhere. That’s why controlling this problem requires continuous effort. 

Allergies caused by dust mites can cause sneezing, watery eyes, itchy nose, and even adverse skin reaction. This type of allergy is considered to have an important impact on problems such as asthma. In fact, it has an even greater effect than substances such as pollen.

It’s virtually impossible to remove dust mites from your home or office. However, it’s proven that, with some basic measures, dust mite allergies can be kept under control and symptoms can be kept to a minimum. 

Mites

Dust mite allergies.

Mites are microscopic animals that live in several environments. They’re from the arachnid family and are the most common allergy trigger in humans. It’s believed that between 10 and 20% of the population is sensitive to these organisms.

They mostly live in hot and humid environments. Dust mites mainly feed on human or animal skin. Humans shed about a gram of skin a day.

Dust mite allergy is triggered by the excrement these animals leave on our skin, or by the dead mites that remain there. These intruders tend to live on objects made of cloth or textile fibers, such as pillows, mattresses, upholstered furniture, rugs, curtains, etc.

Dust mite allergy

Dust mite allergy is an immune reaction to these insects. The body’s response is similar to that of allergic rhinitis or hay fever. This includes sneezing and a runny nose. In addition, the person may experience symptoms similar to asthma, such as wheezing or difficulty breathing.

Also, it’s common to have nasal congestion, itchy nose, ears or throat, eye irritation, swollen eyelids, hives, and a cough. Rhinitis’ symptoms tend to show up in the early morning hours.

This allergic reaction can have different levels of intensity. In its mildest forms, it only causes slight nasal congestion and occasional watery eyes. When the allergy is severe, symptoms are constant and are often associated with asthma.

Causes and risk factors

Woman blowing nose.

Every allergy is an immune response to some external agent. With allergic reactions, the immune system is producing antibodies to defend the body against that agent. The system identifies that the agent is a harmful factor, but in reality it isn’t.

The substance that causes the allergy is called an allergen. When it comes in contact with the body, it causes inflammation in the nasal passages or lungs. Also, if you’re in constant contact with the allergen, the inflammation will become continuous and can lead to asthma.

People with a family history of allergies are more likely to develop an allergy to dust mites. Also, children and younger people are more susceptible, especially if they live in a dusty environment. Doctors can detect this problem through allergy skin tests or blood tests.

Other facts to keep in mind

The best way to combat dust mite allergies is to minimize exposure to them. You can do this by taking the necessary steps to remove dust from your environment as much as possible. It’s best to use a damp cloth to clean dust because it prevents it from spreading into the air.

Upholstered furniture, rugs, curtains, etc. should be vacuumed regularly. The vacuum cleaner must have a decent filter in order to remove the dust thoroughly. In addition, the best thing to do is keep your house clean and not accumulate a lot of stuff. That will keep the dust from concentrating.

If someone in your house has a mite allergy, you shouldn’t have rugs. Also, it’s best to wash your bedding once a week and to get anti-allergy pillows and bedspreads.

In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medication for the allergies. These medications include antihistamines, decongestants, corticosteroids, and other similar drugs. They may also suggest immunotherapy treatment.

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