Early diagnosis is vital for any disease. In the case of thyroids and alterations in this gland, it is very easy to identify the symptoms, during the first stages at least.
Nonetheless, these symptoms can be associated with other illnesses or disorders in the body, which is why it is necessary to pay attention to what is happening in your body. Don’t panic, but do recognize its importance. Find out how to detect thyroid problems in the following article.
What to Know About Your Thyroids
Before telling you about these symptoms, it’s a good idea to learn a little bit about this disease in your thyroids. Basically, it produces changes in your body, that in the beginning are small but don’t go away. Any thyroid disfunction means a change in your body. Your organs will suffer and this can have consequences for your overall health.
Thyroid problems are more frequent in women and the symptoms appear as irregularities in the menstrual cycle or infertility. Genetics are also a determining factor. If someone in your family has suffered from this problem, it is very possible that you will also suffer from it.
It’s good to know that your thyroids regulate metabolism and are related to all of the functions in your body, whether they are physical or intellectual. The main function of this gland is to produce two hormones (whose names are T3 and T4), that are the “fuel” for all cells to be able to function properly.
There are two types of disorders in the thyroid gland. They are known as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The first is the most common and makes the organs work much slower. It is characterized by weight gain. The second kind has more obvious symptoms and can produce a rapid loss in weight without dieting or exercising. A problem related to both is a goiter, which happens when the gland grows too big and increases the size of the neck.
What Are the Symptoms of Thyroid Disease?
Since it is the failure of a gland and the unbalanced production of hormones, there can be many different symptoms. Some of them are:
- Frequent diarrhea
- Hair loss
- Dry skin
- Intolerance to cold in your hands and feet
- Depression and low self esteem
- Thick skin
- Tiredness or chronic fatigue
- Lack of concentration and memory
- Weak hair
- Imbalances in your menstrual cycle
- Heavy periods
- High cholesterol
- Immune system problems
- Sleep loss or insomnia
- Weight loss or gain
- Swollen neck (goiter)
- Less ovulation
- Social isolation
- Presence of benign nodules
How Do You Detect this Disease in Time?
Firstly, you need to keep the aforementioned symptoms in mind if they are recurring or more than one of them happens at the same time. It is also very important to know your family history (if your parents, aunts or uncles, or grandparents had thyroid problems). Then, you should make an appointment with a doctor, who will evaluate you by touching your neck (this is where they will detect if you have hyper or hypothyroidism). Also, a blood test will be done to determine TSH and the thyroid hormone levels.
Once all of that is done, the person can get an accurate diagnosis and, if necessary, take medication or undergo a medical procedure (which can be surgery to remove the goiter or eating yogo to “burn” the problematic gland).
The patient will have to take medicine for the rest of their life in the majority of cases so that they can get back to their lifestyle and to reduce and control the symptoms above all. It is also important to learn to live with this disease, that if treated in time, will not prevent you from continuing to live life normally.
Specialists confirm that just one pill a day is enough to regulate the thyroid gland and to produce the necessary amount of hormones. Because it is an easily detected disease and has a simple treatment, the most important thing is to know how to recognize it in time in order to prevent surgery or other more invasive procedures. The best way is “to get there before” the disease spreads and compromises the patient’s quality of life.
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