How to Detect Colon Cancer on Time
According to statistics, there is an alarming increase in this type of cancer. It is the second most common type in the world, after breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men. However, colon cancer is a lot more frequent in men.
Over the last few years, there have been many cases of colon cancer. However, in most cases, doctors detect it when cancer has already metastasized in other organs, most commonly in the liver or lungs.
It’s very disturbing to know that people apparently look and feel very healthy but suddenly during a routine check up, they find out that they’re suffering from terrible colon cancer that’s very advanced; they find themselves suddenly faced with a fight they weren’t prepared for.
That is one of the reasons why there are so many recommendations to prevent colon cancer. It’s also important to be cautious of the warning signs your body sends when there’s a problem. You should pay proper attention to these signals and not ignore any of them for any reason.
Signs of colon cancer
It’s truly terrible that colon cancer doesn’t show any specific symptoms. On the contrary, it tends to show some symptoms that people may confuse with much more benign and normal problems, like the presence of stool blood.
Most people blame this situation on being recently diagnosed with hemorrhoids and don’t worry when there’s blood once in awhile after going to the bathroom. But they shouldn’t react like that.
On the contrary, this is the best time to do a professional exam in which doctors will do advanced studies. They could perform a colonoscopy to see if it really is a hemorrhoid or something much more serious.
Another very important symptom to keep in mind is a change in defecation. Sometimes you may be constipated and then have diarrhea the next minute.
You also have to pay attention to any changes in how your stools look. For example, when they become skinnier than normal. Also, watch out if you feel like you still have to defecate even after using the bathroom.
It’s also important to consider your family history for cases of polyps, colon cancer, or relatives with ulcerative colitis disease. Keep in mind that constipated people are more likely to contract this type of cancer.
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Diagnosis and exams
The first test to diagnose this disease is to do a fecal occult blood test. If this comes back positive, a colonoscopy should be the next step.
In any case, the presence of blood in stools doesn’t always mean there’s colon cancer. It could be due to a polyp or inflamed hemorrhoid, but as we mentioned before, it’s better to be safe than sorry.