Cosmetic Routine: Everything You Need to Know

A cosmetic routine aims to keep your skin healthy and free of imperfections. What does it consist of? What should it include? In this article, we'll tell you all about it!
Cosmetic Routine: Everything You Need to Know

Last update: 16 June, 2021

Most people are concerned about their skincare. That’s why maintaining a cosmetic routine becomes quite a feat. To do so, we need products with special features that help simplify skincare.

However, it’s important to take into account other care. What are the factors that cause skin damage? Why is it so important to follow a cosmetic routine?

Here are all the details!

Factors that cause skin damage

Every day, the skin is exposed to a large number of factors that can cause skin damage. Over time, this even influences the appearance of signs of aging. According to a publication in Dermato-Endocrinology, these factors include:

  • Sunlight and blue light from electronic device screens. Both are associated with the appearance of spots and blemishes.
  • Cigarette smoking. This can alter skin tone toward a grayish color.
  • Poor sleep. It’s related to the presence of dark circles under the eyes, puffy eyes, and increased pallor.
  • Stress affects skin tone, worsens skin diseases, and contributes to premature aging.
  • Extreme temperatures cause alterations in the production of the skin’s natural oils, increasing dryness.
  • Pollution clogs pores and produces oxidative stress, which manifests itself in wrinkles and blemishes.
Woman grabbing her face
Sun exposure, smoking, stress, and other factors can cause skin damage.

Cosmetic routine: Less is more

It’s good to keep in mind that the “less is more” philosophy applies to the cosmetic routine. The simpler the skincare is, the easier it’s to maintain it over time and to find a suitable time of day to carry it out.

On the other hand, using too many products can increase the risk of skin sensitivity or allergies. Therefore, the best thing is to choose the right options according to the characteristics of the skin and its needs. If in doubt, consult a dermatologist.

Steps for the best cosmetic routine

A cosmetic routine aims to contribute to the beautification of the skin while reducing the risk of premature aging. For this, three basic steps that can be applied during the day are recommended.

Put them into practice!


Ideally, you should it in the morning and at night. You can use a cleansing lotion or micellar water specifically for sensitive or oily skin. With the consistency that best suits you (gel, water, milk, etc.). You can use if required, a cotton pad, or simply use your fingertips, without causing too much friction on the skin.

A woman cleaning her face
You can use products such as lotions and micellar water to clean the skin.


After cleansing, you should moisturize the skin. This step is essential since the skin must maintain the right level of water so that it retains its barrier function and elasticity. This step should be adapted to the skin’s needs, according to its particularities.

Products with Vitamin C or creams containing hyaluronic acid can be used as evidenced in the 2014 publication in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. In addition, for it to be effective, you must perform proper cleansing.

Sun protection

It’s very important to avoid future tissue damage, annoying spots, or simply skin aging. In fact, no one should leave home without first applying a good sunscreen, with an SPF of at least 30.

Sun exposure is one of the factors that deteriorate the skin the most. That’s why it’s essential to protect yourself from an early age.

Other recommendations for the cosmetic routine

There are other simple measures to complement the basic steps of the cosmetic routine. Regarding this, it’s convenient to pay attention to the care you perform at night. Facial cleansing is recommended, to remove dirt from the skin and any traces of makeup that may remain from the day.

After cleansing, the next step is to add a product containing retinol or AHA (alpha-hydroxy acids), which have a slight peeling effect. It can also be a product with antioxidants (such as Vitamin C, for example).

A woman putting on face cream
The application of a night cream can complement the cosmetic routine to keep the skin young and protected.


Weekly exfoliation

Next, in order not to cause aggressions to the skin, the ideal thing is to exfoliate every 7 to 14 days.

Overall, the purpose of this treatment is to help remove dead cells that aren’t eliminated naturally. After its application, it’s good to use a mask with a nourishing or soothing effect.

Annual dermatological check-up

Finally, it’s important to get an annual check-up with a dermatologist to control nevus, sunspots, or any other skin condition. You can do this with an annual consultation with the professional. Needless to say, these preventive measures are also important.

Overall, the best skincare routine is one that preserves the skin in good condition, maintains its natural hydration, and protects it from external aggressions.

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  • Vierkötter A, Krutmann J. Environmental influences on skin aging and ethnic-specific manifestations. Dermatoendocrinol. 2012;4(3):227–231. doi:10.4161/derm.19858
  • Jegasothy SM, Zabolotniaia V, Bielfeldt S. Efficacy of a New Topical Nano-hyaluronic Acid in Humans. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014;7(3):27–29.
  • Mukhopadhyay P. Cleansers and their role in various dermatological disorders. Indian J Dermatol. 2011;56(1):2–6. doi:10.4103/0019-5154.77542
  • Gabros S, Zito PM. Sunscreens And Photoprotection. [Updated 2019 Dec 9]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: